20th Century Asia Pacific Politics
20th Century Asia Pacific Politics

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This question pack looks at the various political upheavals the Asia Pacific 1900-1980s, including the Chinese Civil War and the Cold War.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 1

At the time of the first World War II attack on the Philippines in 1941, the Philippines were a colony of which country?

A

Spain

B

Great Britain

C

United States

D

Japan

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 2

How many Chinese were killed during the Japanese occupation from 1931–1945?

A

1.5 million

B

3 million

C

10 million

D

25 million

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 3

In which country were the Flying Tigers based?

A

Thailand

B

China

C

Vietnam

D

Burma

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 4

Japanese expansionism beginning in the 1930s resulted in the invasion and occupation of many countries in Asia. What factor do historians and political scientists see as the driving force behind these events?

A

Shinto beliefs by the Japanese

B

historical enmity of other countries in the region by the Japanese

C

the need for oil and natural resources by the Japanese

D

pre-emptive defense of Japan against the C hinese

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 5

Prior to declaring war on Japan, the United States sought to aid the Chinese in defeating their Japanese defenders by shipping arms to the Chinese through the country of

A

Thailand.

B

Korea.

C

Vietnam.

D

Burma.

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 6

To which country did the Kuomintang Party flee after leaving China?

A

Taiwan

B

Japan

C

North Korea

D

South Korea

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 7

Which of the following nations was also undergoing a civil war during World War II?

A

Vietnam

B

Korea

C

Japan

D

China

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 8

Which of these Asian countries changed sides during World War II, starting on the side of the Axis powers and then switching to the side of the Allies?

A

Indonesia

B

Thailand

C

C hina

D

Korea

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 9

Who was the last emperor of China?

A

Pu Yi

B

Sun Yat-Sen

C

Zhou Enlai

D

Chiang Kai-Shek

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 10

The first recognized event of World War II in the Pacific was

A

Mao’s overthrow of Chiang Kai-Shek.

B

the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

C

the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.

D

the Vichy French ceding parts of Cambodia and Laos to Thailand.

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 11

How often does the National Party Congress occur in China?

A

every month

B

every three months

C

every year

D

every five years

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 12

One of the primary causes of millions of Chinese starving during the era of the Great Leap Forward was

A

poor quality seed for crops.

B

the government-endorsed practice of “close planting” to maximize plant yield per acre.

C

drought conditions.

D

lack of knowledge regarding fertilization and pest control practices.

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 13

The stated goal of China’s communist revolution was to give control of the government to the

A

bourgeoisie.

B

Kuomintang.

C

proletariat.

D

Pu Yi.

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 14

Which of the following occurred as a result of Chinese peasants and academics revolting in the 1960s due to poor living conditions?

A

the massacre at Tiananmen Square

B

the Great Leap Forward

C

the Cultural Revolution

D

the granting of Autonomous Territory status to Tibet

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 15

Which of the following was NOT a goal of Mao’s plan to battle “the three evils” and “the five evils”?

A

increased consumer spending

B

decreased taxation

C

increased state ownership of capital

D

reduction in industrial capacity

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 16

Which of the following was NOT reforms implemented by Deng Xiaoping?

A

allowing new political parties to emerge

B

breaking up farm collectives and allowing private ownership

C

permitting religious practices by C hinese citizens

D

entering into partnerships with U.S. universities to open C hina’s higher education system

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 17

Which of the following were among the election reforms implemented in China during the 1980s?

A

term limits for certain high positions in the government

B

multiple candidate choices for some positions in the government

C

setting retirement ages for senior political and party leaders

D

all of the above

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 18

Which contemporary Chinese leader was imprisoned by Mao Tse-Tung during the Cultural Revolution?

A

Zhou Enlai

B

Hu Jin Tao

C

Deng Xiaoping

D

Lin Bao

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 19

What is the significance of Article 9 of the 1952 Constitution of Japan?

A

It guarantees equal rights for women.

B

It guarantees freedom of religion and speech.

C

It established protectionist trade measures designed to help Japanese industry rebuild and grow.

D

It forever renounced Japan’s sovereign right to engage in war.

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 20

Which of the following terms best describes the process by which the prime minister of the Japanese government has been chosen since the postwar occupation ended in 1952?

A

bicameral

B

parliamentary

C

direct democracy

D

electoral college

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 21

President Nixon’s goal of normalizing relations with China was designed primarily to accomplish which of the following goals?

A

weaken the relative power of the USSR

B

advance reunification of North and South Korea

C

advance reunification of North and South Vietnam

D

punish Japan for its hostile trade policies toward the United States

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 22

Upon which political theory were presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson’s military actions in Vietnam based?

A

MADD theory

B

containment theory

C

positivist theory

D

domino theory

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 23

Which country occupied Korea during World War II?

A

the Soviet Union

B

China

C

the United States

D

Japan

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 24

Which of the following nations was NOT involved in a proxy war in the Korean peninsula during the 1950s?

A

the Soviet Union

B

the United States

C

China

D

Japan

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 25

Which organization has been responsible for peacekeeping at the 38th parallel since the ceasefire?

A

NATO

B

SEATO

C

The UN

D

None of the above

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 26

Which organization was created by the Manila Treaty?

A

CENTO

B

SEATO

C

ANZUS

D

UNCHR

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 27

Who was the leader of the National Liberation Front?

A

Ngo Dinh Diem

B

Dien Bien Phu

C

General Vo Nguyen Giap

D

Ho Chi Minh

20th Century Asia Pacific Politics 28

Upon which political theory was President Truman’s military action in Korea based?

A

MADD theory

B

containment theory

C

positivist theory

D

domino theory

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