U.S. Constitutional Law
U.S. Constitutional Law

U.S. Constitutional Law

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This question back gives an introduction to some of the nuances of the constitutional law in the United States of America.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Constitutional Law

The doctrine of separation of powers basically requires that:

A

the authority of state governments is superior to that of the federal government.

B

each branch of the government plays its own role in governing.

C

the authority of the president (the executive branch) is distinct from and superior to the other branches.

D

each house of the US Congress has its own legislative authority.

US Constitutional Law

With regard to the powers of the president, the US Constitution:

A

has provided clear and unambiguous limits.

B

requires the president to consult with Congress before making major foreign policy decisions.

C

is considered deliberately ambiguous.

D

does not allow the president to use military force without congressional authorization.

Constitutional Law

Under a federal system of government:

A

power is centralized within the national government.

B

power is held by independent states.

C

the central government is a creation of regional governments.

D

power is divided between a central government and local governments.

US Constitutional Law

The Supreme Court of the United States has held that in the American federal system:

A

the federal government has supremacy over the states.

B

the states have supremacy over the federal government.

C

the authority of the states and of the federal government is equal.

D

the states have no authority except what is granted by Congress.

Constitutional Law

A rule of law system is a system:

A

under which the government and people are bound by laws.

B

that originated in the United States.

C

allows predictability and the restraint of government action.

D

Answers A and C are both correct.

US Constitutional Law

What is the most important role of the Supreme Court of the United States?

A

To interpret the US Constitution

B

To make new laws

C

To administer and enforce laws

D

None of the above answers is correct.

US Constitutional Law

What do US District Courts mainly serve as?

A

Appeals courts

B

Administrative courts

C

Trial courts

D

Criminal courts

US Constitutional Law

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 allows discrimination based on which demographic category?

A

Race

B

Religion

C

Seniority

D

Sex

US Constitutional Law

Fill in the blank to complete the statement below.

______________ impose/s on employers a general duty to provide a place of employment free from hazards that are likely to cause death or serious physical harm.

A

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act

B

The Fair Labor Standards Act

C

Workers compensation laws

D

The Occupational Safety and Health Act

US Constitutional Law

According to the National Labor Relations Act, workers participating in interstate commerce:

A

are at‑will employees.

B

can be fired for attempting to form a union.

C

have the right to bargain collectively.

D

cannot engage in concerted activities in violation of antitrust laws.

US Constitutional Law

Which of the following is one of the six unfair labor practices of unions prohibited by the Taft‑Hartley Act?

A

Collective bargaining

B

Union organizing

C

Strikes

D

Secondary boycotts

US Constitutional Law

Fill in the blank to complete the statement below.

The most significant impact of the ______________ is the requirement that federal agencies prepare an environmental impact statement in every recommendation for or report on proposals for legislation, as well as whenever undertaking a major federal action that significantly affects environmental quality.

A

The National Environmental Policy Act

B

The Clean Water Act

C

The Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act

D

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

US Constitutional Law

Fill in the blank to complete the statement below.

The ______________ governs private industry and imposes stringent standards on the discharge of pollutants into waterways and publicly owned sewage systems.

A

The Environmental Protection Act

B

The Clean Water Act

C

The Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act

D

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

US Constitutional Law

In order to comply with the Securities Act of 1933, a company issuing securities to the public must generally register the securities with the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as:

A

demonstrate that there is an expectation of profit.

B

undergo a merit review.

C

demonstrate that the offering is fair and just and will provide a fair return.

D

disclose material information about the offering.

US Constitutional Law

A key component of recent corporate governance reforms has been:

A

the adoption of the Sarbanes‑Oxley Act.

B

the voluntary adoption of reforms by public corporations.

C

action by independent auditors to reign in abuses.

D

None of the above answers is correct.

Constitutional Law

According to Patrick Scott, federalism is primarily about the relationship:

A

among the branches of the federal government.

B

between the national government and the states.

C

between state courts and federal courts.

D

Both A and B

Constitutional Law

The ______________ plays an important role by interpreting the Constitution and outlining the powers of the executive and legislative branches.

A

military

B

Congress

C

president

D

judiciary

Constitutional Law

The constitutional principle of ______________ requires that each branch of the federal government play its own role in governing the people.

A

federalism

B

an independent judiciary

C

separation of powers

D

a bicameral legislature

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Course Designer: Kevin Moquin