Rhythm and Blues History
Rhythm and Blues History

Rhythm and Blues History

Lead Author(s): OpenCourse Library, David Such

Source: Open Course Library

Student Price: FREE

A question pack on rhythm and blues history by David Such for Open Course Library.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Rhythm and Blues History Q1

The King of R&B was:

A

Bessie Smith

B

Muddy Waters

C

Howlin’ Wolf

D

B.B. King

Rhythm and Blues History Q2

In 1949 ______________ magazine renamed urban blues, calling it rhythm and blues, or R&B.

A

Time

B

Billboard

C

Rolling Stone

D

Life

Rhythm and Blues History Q3

In blues, singers would adjust the pitch up or down slightly to emphasize the ______________ of the music.

A

tempo

B

feel

C

rhythm

D

none of these

Rhythm and Blues History Q4

______________ -line poetic stanza is the lyric basis for the blues.

A

3

B

12

C

4

D

2

Rhythm and Blues History Q5

With the addition of ______________ blues singers created urban blues.

A

electric guitar

B

rhythm section

C

horns

D

all of these

Rhythm and Blues History Q6

______________ -bar form is the musical basis for the blues.

A

12

B

8

C

16

D

32

Rhythm and Blues History Q7

Black gospel music is:

A

emotional

B

theatrical

C

musically skillful

D

all of these

Rhythm and Blues History Q8

Initially, gospel music was composed to:

A

generate commercial success

B

introduce the preacher

C

stimulate the emotions of the crowd

D

none of these

Rhythm and Blues History Q9

Singing schools began around:

A

1650

B

1680

C

1700

D

1720

Rhythm and Blues History Q10

Modern, black gospel music was the result of:

A

the infusion of blues and jazz

B

the equal rights movement

C

southern preachers

D

new church doctrine

Rhythm and Blues History Q11

Itinerant preachers first made gospel music popular in the:

A

20th century

B

19th century

C

21st century

D

18th century

Rhythm and Blues History Q12

Realizing the influential nature of gospel music, evangelist Dwight Moody sought out song leader:

A

George Beverly Shea

B

Homer Rodeheaver

C

Cliff Barrows

D

Ira Sankey

Rhythm and Blues History Q13

With the shape note system each differently shaped note represented a different:

A

rhythm

B

harmony

C

melody

D

pitch

Rhythm and Blues History Q14

Miles Davis, Dave Brubeck, and Stan Getz all played:

A

bebop

B

cool jazz

C

fusion jazz

D

free jazz

Rhythm and Blues History Q15

______________ was an attempt to apply sophisticated ideas in a softer manner than bebop.

A

swing

B

cool jazz

C

fusion

D

free jazz

Rhythm and Blues History Q16

Jazz achieved mass popularity during:

A

WWI

B

the swing era

C

the 90’s

D

the 60’s

Rhythm and Blues History Q17

Bebop was born in:

A

New Orleans

B

big bands

C

after hours jam sessions

D

the 60’s

Rhythm and Blues History Q18

The style and definition of jazz is:

A

solid

B

established

C

changing

D

none of these

Rhythm and Blues History Q19

A standard rhythm section is:

A

piano, bass, drums

B

trumpet, bass, drums

C

sax, guitar, drums

D

piano, bass, guitar

Rhythm and Blues History Q20

Who was the most successful and famous New Orleans musician?

A

Duke Ellington

B

King Oliver

C

Louis Armstrong

D

Kid Ory

Rhythm and Blues History Q21

In fusion jazz the most dramatic change involves borrowing instruments and techniques from:

A

the orchestra

B

disco

C

rock

D

soul

Rhythm and Blues History Q22

The cultural influence of jazz was from people of ______________ heritage.

A

African, French, and Spanish

B

Mexican, Caribbean, and African

C

Brazilian, French, and African

D

African, French, and Mexican

Rhythm and Blues History Q23

______________ was the sax player who solidified the bebop style.

A

Charlie Parker

B

Dizzie Gillespie

C

Thelonius Monk

D

Kenny Clark

Rhythm and Blues History Q24

Modern jazz artists who value the elements of traditional jazz refer to it as:

A

fluid jazz

B

moving jazz

C

hard jazz

D

straight-ahead jazz

Rhythm and Blues History Q25

Bebop is often:

A

complex

B

intense

C

very fast

D

all of these

Rhythm and Blues History Q26

The most popular ragtime musician was:

A

Stephen Foster

B

Louis Armstrong

C

Duke Ellington

D

Scott Joplin

Rhythm and Blues History Q27

Jazz began in the early 20th century in ______________ of poor urban neighborhoods.

A

concert halls

B

churches

C

bars and nightclubs

D

youth centers

Rhythm and Blues History Q28

Big bands typically have ______________ musicians.

A

12-15

B

6-8

C

over 20

D

15-18

Rhythm and Blues History Q29

Who was the king of swing?

A

Benny Goodman

B

Glenn Miller

C

Duke Ellington

D

Tommy Dorsey

Rhythm and Blues History Q30

Duke Ellington was a:

A

Dixieland band leader

B

jazz violinist

C

jazz singer

D

big band leader

Rhythm and Blues History Q31

1930’s big band jazz is known as the:

A

swing era

B

fusion era

C

hard bop era

D

cool era

Rhythm and Blues History Q32

Gillespie, Monk, and Clark began to experiment with bebop in the:

A

30’s

B

40’s

C

50’s

D

60’s

Rhythm and Blues History Q33

Free jazz was pioneered by:

A

Stan Getz

B

John Coltrane

C

Ornette Coleman

D

Charlie Parker

Rhythm and Blues History Q34

Bop musician John Coltrane played:

A

sax

B

trombone

C

trumpet

D

piano

Rhythm and Blues History Q35

Specifically, where was New Orleans jazz performed?

A

Ferriday

B

Hattiesburg

C

Storyville

D

Baton Rouge

Rhythm and Blues History Q36

______________ jazz came from the 50’s and 60’s.

A

cool

B

hard bop

C

funky

D

all of these

Rhythm and Blues History Q37

Latin jazz adds a:

A

percussionist

B

singer

C

dancer

D

pianist

Rhythm and Blues History Q38

The early style of blues featured which of the following?

A

single, male vocalist accompanying himself on guitar

B

two guitarists singing to each other

C

a band consisting of drums, bass, and melody

D

the use of African drums

Rhythm and Blues History Q39

The Mississippi Delta region is significant for the blues because it

A

was the birthplace of gospel

B

was the birthplace of the early blues

C

gave rise to hillbilly music

D

gave rise to early rock and roll

Rhythm and Blues History Q40

As the early blues, a rural style, moved outwards into the urban environment, what was perhaps the most important and first major city that embraced the blues and helped it to develop a new urban character?

A

New York City

B

St. Louis

C

Kansas City

D

Chicago

Rhythm and Blues History Q41

Early blues musicians performed in places such as parks and jailhouses.

A

True

B

False

Rhythm and Blues History Q42

Which of the following early styles of music influenced the blues?

A

work chants, “sorrow” slave songs, and “field hollers.”

B

the Chicago style blues

C

Military marching bands

D

Anglo-American ballads

Rhythm and Blues History Q43

The king of Chicago style blues was

A

Son House

B

Robert Johnson

C

Muddy Waters

D

Bill Dixon

Rhythm and Blues History Q44

The term "rappin" may have originated among early blues artists in the 1920s.

A

True

B

False

Rhythm and Blues History Q45

Which of the following features characterizes the blues tradition.

A

A joyful uplifting message of salvation, much like what is found in black gospel music.

B

A message of tragedy, loss, heartache and so forth as conveyed through the lyrics.

C

The predominant use of the VI chord in the blues harmonic structure

D

The blues originate in the Northern United States and moved down into the South

Rhythm and Blues History Q46

Which of the following musicians, according to legend, sold his soul to the devil to play guitar?

A

Son House

B

Charlie Patton

C

Tommy Johnson

D

Robert Johnson

Rhythm and Blues History Q47

The blues underwent development in social clubs housed in makeshift buildings. These gathering places were called ______________.

A

honky tonks

B

juke joints

C

blues social houses

D

downhome gathering places