United States History I & II
United States History I & II

United States History I & II

Lead Author(s): Sara Eskridge

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Transform your teaching with the power of digital pedagogy. This book features: an interactive timeline, live learning feedback, embedded primary source video, automatic grading, and full customizability.

What is a Top Hat Textbook?

Top Hat has reimagined the textbook – one that is designed to improve student readership through interactivity, is updated by a community of collaborating professors with the newest information, and accessed online from anywhere, at anytime.


  • Top Hat Textbooks are built full of embedded videos, interactive timelines, charts, graphs, and video lessons from the authors themselves
  • High-quality and affordable, at a significant fraction in cost vs traditional publisher textbooks
 

Key features in this textbook

Our U.S. History textbook extends beyond the page with interactive graphing tools, real-world news clips and articles that relate to current events, and examples that are relevant to millennial audiences.
Built-in assessment questions embedded throughout chapters so students can read a little, do a little, and test themselves to see what they know!
Our US History Textbook comes with a primary sources reader (at no extra cost!) for deeper learner of significant historical events.

Comparison of U.S. History Textbooks

Consider adding Top Hat’s U.S. History textbook to your upcoming course. We’ve put together a textbook comparison to make it easy for you in your upcoming evaluation.

Top Hat

Sara Eskridge, U.S. History I or II, Only One Edition Needed

Norton

Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty, 5th Edition

MacMillan

Roark, Johnson, Furstenberg, Stage, and Igo, The American Promise, 2 Volumes, 8th Edition

Pearson

Keene, Cornell, and O’Donnell, Visions of America, 2013

Pricing

Average price of textbook across most common format

Up to 40-60% more affordable

Lifetime access on any device

$63.90

Hardcover print text only

$87.99

Per volume

$79.60

Digital only

Always up-to-date content, constantly revised by community of professors

Constantly revised and updated by a community of professors with the latest content

In-Book Interactivity

Includes embedded multi-media files and integrated software to enhance visual presentation of concepts directly in textbook

Only available with supplementary resources at additional cost

Only available with supplementary resources at additional cost

Only available with supplementary resources at additional cost

Customizable

Ability to revise, adjust and adapt content to meet needs of course and instructor

All-in-one Platform

Access to additional questions, test banks, and slides available within one platform

Pricing

Average price of textbook across most common format

Top Hat

Sara Eskridge, U.S. History I or II, Only One Edition Needed

Up to 40-60% more affordable

Lifetime access on any device

Norton

Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty, 5th Edition

$63.90

Hardcover print text only

MacMillan

Roark, Johnson, Furstenberg, Stage, and Igo, The American Promise, 2 Volumes, 8th Edition

$87.99

Per volume

Pearson

Keene, Cornell, and O’Donnell, Visions of America, 2013

$79.60

Digital only

Always up-to-date content, constantly revised by community of professors

Content meets standard for Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology course, and is updated with the latest content

Top Hat

Sara Eskridge, U.S. History I or II, Only One Edition Needed

Norton

Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty, 5th Edition

MacMillan

Case, Fair, Oster, The American Promise, 2 Volumes

McGraw-Hill

McConnell et al., Visions of America, 2nd Edition

In-book Interactivity

Includes embedded multi-media files and integrated software to enhance visual presentation of concepts directly in textbook

Top Hat

Sara Eskridge, U.S. History I or II, Only One Edition Needed

Norton

Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty, 5th Edition

MacMillan

Case, Fair, Oster, The American Promise, 2 Volumes

McGraw-Hill

McConnell et al., Visions of America, 2nd Edition

Customizable

Ability to revise, adjust and adapt content to meet needs of course and instructor

Top Hat

Sara Eskridge, U.S. History I or II, Only One Edition Needed

Norton

Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty, 5th Edition

MacMillan

Case, Fair, Oster, The American Promise, 2 Volumes

McGraw-Hill

McConnell et al., Visions of America, 2nd Edition

All-in-one Platform

Access to additional questions, test banks, and slides available within one platform

Top Hat

Sara Eskridge, U.S. History I or II, Only One Edition Needed

Norton

Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty, 5th Edition

MacMillan

Case, Fair, Oster, The American Promise, 2 Volumes

McGraw-Hill

McConnell et al., Visions of America, 2nd Edition

About this textbook

Lead Authors

Sara Eskridge, Ph.DRandolph-Macon College, VA

Dr. Eskridge is a Professor of History at Western Governors University. She specializes in Civil Rights, Cold War, Southern, and Cultural History. She is the author of Rube Tube: CBS as Rural Comedy in the Sixties (University of Missouri Press, 2019) as well as several articles and book chapters on southern mediated images during the Civil Rights Movement and the Cold War.

Contributing Authors

Andrew WegmannLoyola University

Michael CarverCalifornia Polytechnic State University

Michael FrawleyUniversity of Texas of the Permian Basin

Linda ClemmonsIllinois State University

Angela HessCameron University

Sam NelsonRidgewater College

Volker JanssenCalifornia State University

Lance JandaCameron University

Explore this textbook

Read the fully unlocked textbook below, and if you’re interested in learning more, get in touch to see how you can use this textbook in your course today.

U.S. History - Expanded Table of Contents

Chapter Overview
The Origin of Native Americans
The Number of Native Peoples at the Time of Contact
Pre-Contact Civilizations
Native American Culture Areas
Similarities Between Culture Areas
Summaries of Culture Areas
Native Americans Encounter Europeans
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
The Reasons for European Exploration and Colonization
Christopher Columbus
Selected European Explorations after Columbus
The Spanish in North America
The French in North America
The Dutch in North America
The Columbian Exchange
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
The Beginning of British Colonization in America
The Background of English Colonization
English Explorations in America
The Founding of the New England Colonies
New England Colonists and Native Americans
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
The Economic Heart of British North America: The Virginia Colony
Colonial Counterpoint: Massachusetts Bay
The Exceptions: New Amsterdam and the Middle Colonies
Status and Subjecthood in the New World
The Question of Slavery
Slavery and Race: The Practice
Race and Slavery: The Idea
The Enlightenment and the Future of North America
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
Colonial Government and Life, 1754
Colonial Economies
An Emerging American Identity
Misunderstandings
Friction
Confrontation
Independence
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
George Washington
The First Year
Turning Point
The War in the Frontier West
The War in the South
The End of the War
Political and Social Significance
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
The Political World of the Founders
Revolution, State Constitutions, and the Article of Confederation
Government Under the Articles of Confederation
The Constitutional Convention
Slavery
Ratification
Conclusion 

Chapter Overview
The Nation, Its People, and Its Products
Constitution vs. Confederation: The Original Question of Governance
The Federalists
The Anti-Federalists
George Washington and the Political World of the 1790s
The Whiskey Rebellion
The Election of 1796 and the Atlantic Crisis
President Adams and the French Question
The Limits of Federal Authority
Alien and Sedition

Chapter Overview
An Election for the New Century
A “Peaceful” Transition of Power
The Jefferson Presidency
Marbury v. Madison and the Emergence of John Marshall
Mr. Jefferson Sails to War
A Look Westward: Napoléon, Saint-Domingue, and the Louisiana Purchase
Growing Pains: Expansion, Crisis, and Jefferson’s Second Term
“Mr. Madison’s War”
The War of 1812
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
New Politics for a New Nation
Economic Rebirth
The Technologies of Growth
The People and the New Nation
New Industries and New Problems
The Politics of Change
The Election of 1816
A Monrovian Presidency and the Future of Democracy
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
Monroe’s Waltz
Monroe’s Second Term and the Missouri Crisis
The Original “Team of Rivals” and the Unlikely Heir
A Dividing Nation
The Election of 1824 and the “Corrupt Bargain”
The Adams Presidency and a New Nationalism
The Resurrection of Jackson and a Party for Democracy
The Election of 1828 and the Jacksonian Era
Nullification and the Question of Power
A “True” White Democracy
Conclusion 

Chapter Overview
The Old South and Its “Peculiar Institution”
The Development of Slavery and Cotton Culture
Slavery in the Antebellum South: Life, Labor, and Resistance
The Arguments of Owners to Preserve Slavery
The Common People of the Antebellum South
The Urban South
Free Black Communities
Cotton as the Engine of the World’s Economy
Reform, Abolition, and Free Thinking in the Antebellum World
Social Expectations and Gender Roles in the Old South
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
Manifest Destiny
The Attraction of Texas and Oregon
Whigs Triumphant
His Accidency
Polk’s Promise
54-40 or Fight!
Buying Half a Nation
Picking a Fight with Mexico
The Mexican-American War
Wilmot’s Strike
Election of Taylor
An Obstacle Passes Away
The Great Triumvirate
The Little Giant Saves the Day
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
California Opens the Door
The Free Soil Movement
The Election of 1852
Uncle Tom’s Cabin  
The Fugitive Slave Act in Action
The Kansas-Nebraska Act
Bleeding Kansas
Birth of the Republican Party
Sumner and the Crime Against Kansas
Beecher’s Bibles, John Brown, and more Bleeding in Kansas
Election of 1856
The Last Straw - The Election of 1860
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
The Confederacy Forms
The Early War, 1861-1862
On to Richmond! The First Battle of Bull Run
A New Star Rises - McClellan Takes Command
The Peninsula Campaign and the Rise of Lee
First Moves in the West
The War on the Home Front
The Emancipation Proclamation
The Later War - 1863-1865
Hooker and Chancellorsville
Gettysburg
Grant and Vicksburg
Draft Riots
Grant Takes Over
Leadership
The South Ground Down
New Union Strategy
The Overland Campaign
Sherman Makes The Howl
The Election of 1864
March to the Sea
The Final Moves at Richmond and Appomattox
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
The Death of a President
The Wreckage of the Civil War
Northern Approaches to Reconstruction
The Impact of Emancipation on the South
Presidential Reconstruction
Congressional Reconstruction
Impeachment
Racism and Reconstruction
Reconstruction Fades Away
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
Railroads, Republicans, and the West
The West During the Civil War
The Federal Government and Expansion
Trade and Tariffs
Tying the Union Together
Gold and Silver
Mining and Industry
Cowboys and Farmers
The West and the Environment
Environmental Protection
The Final Conquest of Native Americans
Grant’s “Peace” Policy
The End of Native Resistance
The West as Myth
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
The “Robber Barons”
The Rise of Big Business and An American Aristocracy
The Social Side of Labor
City Life and the “Other Half”
The Rise and Fall of Organized Labor
Moral Reform and the Limits of Change
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
New Patterns of Immigration
Renewed Resistance to Immigration
Social Darwinism and Eugenics
Urban Struggles
Background of Imperialism
Motivations for an American Empire
Expanding into the Pacific
Causes of the Spanish-American War
War Begins
A Brief Conflict
America Commits to Empire
Ongoing Interests in Asia
The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt
America and the Panama Canal
Roosevelt as Peacemaker
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
American Agriculture in an Industrial Age
The Politics of Rural Protest
In Pursuit of State Reform: The Farmers’ Alliances
Threatening White Supremacy: The Colored Farmers’ Alliance
Breaking the Stalemate of Gilded Age Politic
The 1892 Omaha Convention
The Panic of 1893
The Election of 1986
The Populist Legacy
Who Were the Progressives?
Urban Reform
Women’s Municipal Housekeeping
Progressives and Civil Rights
Reform at the State Level
Roosevelt’s Progressive Presidency
The “Trust Buster”
Roosevelt, Workers, and Consumers
William Howard Taft’s Failed Presidency
The Election of 1912
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
Continued Involvement in Latin America
The Outbreak of World War I
America Declares Its Neutrality
The Challenge of German Submarines
Wilson Seeks Reelection
America Goes to War
Early Wartime Preparations
Wartime Bureaucracies and Propaganda
The Women’s Suffrage Movement and the War
Americans on the Front-lines
Peace-brokering in Paris
Allies at Odds
The Debate over the League of Nations
The Spanish Influenza and the Red Scare
Conclusion: The Road to “Normalcy”

Chapter Overview
Continued Resistance to the Left
The Harding Presidency
Calvin Coolidge Takes Over
U.S. Foreign Policy in the 1920s
Government’s Commitment to Business
America Goes Dry
The Changing Status of Women
The Evolution Debate
Nativism and the Return of the Ku Klux Klan
The African American Experience in the 1920s
America’s Love Affair with the Car Begins
America Tunes In
America Takes Flight
Projecting New Lifestyles
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
Flaws in the Economy During the 1920s
The Troubles Begin
Early Reactions to the Collapse
The Rise of Franklin Roosevelt
The “Bank Holiday”
The First New Deal Programs
Attempts to Stabilize Industry and Agriculture
A Second New Deal
Roosevelt’s “Court-Packing Scheme”
Looming Threats Abroad
Sports and Leisure During the 1930s
The New Deal Ends
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
Background of the War
U.S. Approach to the War
Pearl Harbor and the American Entrance into the War
Mobilization
Alliances
Strategy: Europe
Strategy: Japan
End of War
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
The U.S. After the War: Baby Boom, Housing, Consumerist Culture, and Postwar Liberalism
Occupied Europe
Occupied Japan
The Allies and Eastern Europe
Establishing the Policy of Containment
The Marshall Plan
Berlin Airlift
“Losing” China
The Korean War
Spies, The Red Scare, and McCarthyism
Eisenhower and the New Look
The Kennedy Administration
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
Pre-war Movement
Double V
Changes in Strategy
Brown v. Board of Education
Brown II and Massive Resistance
Boycotts and Sit-ins
Malcolm X: An Alternative View
1963: A Turning Point
The Struggle Continues
Riots and Confusion in the Movement
Increasing Radicalization
Second Wave Feminism
Native American Activism
Chicano Movement
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
Origins of the Vietnam War
The National Liberation Front
Kennedy and the Strategic Hamlet Program
Gulf of Tonkin
Fullbright Hearings
Tet Offensive
Turning Against the War
The Anti-War Movement in the Culture
The Nixon Years and “Vietnamization”
Pentagon Papers
Peace and Operation Frequent Wind
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
The Election of 1968
Kissinger and Détente
Oil Embargo
Nixon’s Domestic Policies
The Plumbers
The Ford Presidency
The 1976 Election
Nicaragua
Iran Hostage Crisis
Afghanistan
Election of 1980
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
The Reagan Revolution
Reaganomics
Reagan’s Social Policies
Reagan and the Cold War
The United States, the Middle East, and Central America
Election of 1988 and Last Explicit use of the Southern Strategy
Bush Administration
End of the Cold War
Persian Gulf War
Economic Recession
Conclusion

Chapter Overview
1992 Election
Clinton’s First Term
Newt Gingrich and the Contract with America
Clinton and Foreign Policy
Globalization and the Federal Budget
2000 Election
Bush Presidency
September 11, 2001
Wars in the Middle East
2008 Economic Crisis
2008 Election
Conclusion

U.S. History Primary Sources 

1. The First Civilizations

2. Cultural Collisions

3. British Forays into Colonization, 1500s-1680

4. Colonial Life, 1650-1760

5. Road to War

6. American Revolution 

7. Uncertain Experiments: The Struggle for Democratic Stability, 1777-1789

8. The Federalist Era, 1789-1800

9. The Early Republic, 1800-1815

10. The Market Revolution, 1815-1835

11. Growing Democracy

12. The Antebellum South

13. Politics of Westward Expansion

14. Unravelling the Union

15. The Civil War

16. Reconstruction 

17. The Conquest of the West

18. The Industrial Revolution and the Growth of Organized Labor, 1870-1900

19. Immigration and Imperialism

20. Populists and Progressives

21. World War I

22. Return to Normalcy

23. The Great Depression

24. World War II

25. The Cold War

26. The Civil Rights Movement and the Era of Social Change

27. The Vietnam War

28. Nixon, the New Conservatism, and the 1970s

29. The Reagan Revolution

30. America at the Turn of the Century