Habits of mind
Habits of mind is a term used to refer to dispositions certain intelligent individuals utilize when faced with challenging problems or questions to which the answer is not readily known. As defined by Art Costa and Bena Kallick, there are 16 common habits of mind employed to troubleshoot and problem solve. These 16 habits of mind are: persistence; keeping impulsivity in check; listening with understanding and empathy; thinking flexibly; thinking about thinking; striving for accuracy; questioning and posing problems; applying past knowledge to new circumstances; thinking and communicating with clarity and precision; gathering data through all senses; creating, imagining and innovating; responding with wonderment and awe; taking responsible risks; finding humor; thinking interdependently; and remaining open to continuous learning.
Habits of mind refers to dispositions possessed by many intelligent people, who utilize deductive tools, drawing on preexisting skills, previous experiences and tendencies, in order to act in a knowledgeable and insightful way when faced with a difficult problem.