Free-rider problem is where individual members of a group can benefit from the collective action of each member. For example, students who are part of a group project may insignificantly contribute but still benefit from their classmates’ sustained efforts. Here, it is easy for passive students to take advantage of active students’ efforts.
Free-rider problem refers to a group scenario where passive students get to enjoy and benefit from the work and effort exerted by actively involved students. For instance, students who are part of a group project may contribute inadequately compared to others but still receive the same grade. Suggestions for managing free-riding include making each student responsible for a certain section of the project or grading students individually—even in groups.