A standardized test is a method of assessment built on the principle of consistency: all test takers are required to answer the same questions and all answers are graded in the same, predetermined way. Standardized tests are used throughout an individual’s education: to compare class progress in elementary or high school, to apply for higher ed using the SAT or to get into grad school with the GRE.
Standardized tests refer to large scale assessments administered to substantial groups of students. Most standardized tests consist of multiple choice and true or false questions. Standardized tests allow educators to compare class and student progress across a wide geographical area and are often thought to be the most fair and objective format of large-scale testing due to the consistency in questions asked and grading style.