What is a


A PhD, or Doctor of Philosophy, is a postgraduate doctoral degree. A PhD is awarded to students who complete an original thesis and contribute knowledge in their subject area. Most PhD study will involve carrying out a literature review, conducting original research and collecting results, producing and writing a thesis, submitting it as a dissertation and later defending it through an oral exam. A PhD is three to four years in length.

A PhD refers to a research degree. The main requirement behind a PhD is creating new knowledge. To complete a PhD, students must hold an undergraduate degree and in many cases, a master’s degree. To apply, students usually submit a research proposal to the department where they want to study. This proposal outlines what a student intends to research on, how it relates to current research and describes what methods students will use to carry out their research.