Peer review is the evaluation of student work by one or more classmates in a mutual exchange. It functions as a form of feedback when students are in the early stages of development for a project or paper. Students share drafts prior to each class and then break into groups for discussion and feedback on their progress.
Peer review allows students to give and receive feedback on an assignment before submitting it to the instructor. When students exchange feedback on an assignment in progress, they can remind each other of assignment criteria and goals, get an understanding of how readers might respond to their writing when those readers aren’t grading their work, and then make specific targeted changes to improve their assignments before submitting or presenting them. In this way, peer review takes some of the teaching and feedback away from the instructor. It also serves to enhance students’ necessary workplace skills like giving and receiving feedback.