Neurodiversity supports the idea that differences in our brains are simply seen as variations to our neurological structure as opposed to disability or deficit. In 1998, sociologist Judy Singer rejected the idea that people with autism should be seen as disabled. As she argued, there isn’t a correct way for the brain to function but instead, people perceive and respond to the world in different, equally valid ways.
Neurodiversity refers to variations in the brain and cognition. These variations are seen as natural changes to the human genome. Autism, dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are all recognized types of neurodivergence.