What is

Metacognition In The Classroom

Metacognition in the classroom is a principle that helps students make greater sense of their life experiences and can help them to start performing at a higher level. Metacognition, the awareness of one’s thoughts, involves five key practices. These practices are:

– Planning and goal setting
– Continuing to monitor progress
– Identifying what you do know
– Identifying what you don’t know
– Adapting as necessary.

Metacognition in the classroom means the self-regulation of students’ learning. Instructors can support student metacognition through active learning techniques, learning frameworks and exercises at the beginning and end of class to encourage students to reflect and monitor their learning. An example may be asking students to list the “muddiest point” from the lecture—the thing they least understand—which professors will then address at the beginning of the next class.

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