In mastery learning, students must attain a given level set by their instructor in order to move forward. If a student does not master the material on their first attempt, they are given additional support in learning and reviewing the information and then tested again. This cycle continues until the learner accomplishes mastery, and then they may move on to the next stage.
Mastery learning refers to a shift in responsibilities, so that a student’s success or failure is more reliant on the instruction and not necessarily a student’s ability. The difficulty of a mastery learning environment is in giving students a sufficient amount of time to learn and using teaching methods so that all students can reach the same level of learning. Mastery learning is based on the idea of narrowing achievement gaps between students in the same classroom.