Experiential Learning is a process of education through experience, followed by reflection on that experience. Experiential learning is part of the larger category of active learning, because it directly involves students in the process of their own learning. There are four elements involved in experiential learning. First, the learner must be willing to be actively involved in the experience. Second, the learner must be able to reflect on the experience. Third, the learner must possess and use analytical skills to conceptualize the experience. Finally, the learner must possess decision making and problem solving skills in order to use the new ideas gained from the experience.
Experiential Learning refers to a pedagogy developed by Aristotle, a philosopher in the Ancient Greek Classical Period. In The Nicomachean Ethics, he famously states: “For the things we have to learn before we can do them, we learn by doing them.”