Critical literacy is a learning approach where students are expected to examine various texts to understand the relationship between language and the power it can hold. Students critically analyze and evaluate the meaning of texts as they relate to topics on equity, power and social justice. These texts are then used to equip students with a critical stance, response or action towards an issue.
Critical literacy refers to the process of becoming aware of one’s experience relative to power relations, often realized through reading and writing. Critical literacy takes place in various learning environments and cultural contexts. This reading and writing-based learning process encourages students to accept, reject or reconstruct ideologies presented in texts.