Class constitution is a course document in which all students have input as to what and how learning takes place. This document sets the ground rules for a course and reinforces the idea that all students work together to achieve a common goal. No two class constitutions look alike: some may outline in-class cell phone policies, while others include how participation points are rewarded.
Class constitution is a student-generated document that invites students into the decision-making process. Instructors may distribute a draft syllabus on the first day of class and invite students to comment on certain areas that are up for negotiation. This process helps students see the value of what they are learning while feeling empowered over the type of classroom that they have helped to create.