Backwards mapping is a learning process where instructors form assignments and lessons based on course objectives. Instead of beginning the course with a unit that is chronologically delivered, instructors begin the course with the end goal in mind to ensure students are meeting educational outcomes that are set at the start of the semester.
Backwards mapping is where instructors set goals for the term and then create assignments and lessons that align with those goals. Backwards mapping helps instructors focus on learning goals throughout the teaching process. This approach encourages instructors to identify key desirable results, determine levels of evidence that show that the desired results have been achieved and design activities that support the desired outcomes.