APA (American Psychological Association) format is a format and style used for writing academic documents such as scholarly books and journal articles. It is commonly used within the field of behavioral and social sciences for citing sources. The guidelines were developed to aid reading comprehension in the social and behavioral sciences, for clarity of communication, and for “word choice that best reduces bias in language”. The guidelines for reducing bias in language have been updated over the years and provide actionable guidance for writing about age, race and ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, disability, socioeconomic status, and intersectionality.
APA format refers to a citation style that is widely used by hundreds of scientific journals, including public health and medical journals. It is also utilized in many textbooks, and in academia more broadly.