Society and Social Interaction
Society and Social Interaction

Society and Social Interaction

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

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This question pack looks at types of societies, theoretical perspectives on society, and social constructions of reality.

Society and Social Interaction 1

1. Which of the following fictional societies is an example of a pastoral society?

A

The Deswan people, who live in small tribes and base their economy on the production and trade of textiles

B

The Rositian Clan, a small community of farmers who have lived on their family’s land for centuries

C

The Hunti, a wandering group of nomads who specialize in breeding and training horses

D

The Amaganda, an extended family of warriors who serve a single noble family

Society and Social Interaction 2

2. Which of the following occupations is a person of power most likely to have in an information society?

A

Software engineer

B

Coal miner

C

Children’s book author

D

Sharecropper

Society and Social Interaction 3

3. Which of the following societies were the first to have permanent residents?

A

Industrial

B

Hunter-gatherer

C

Horticultural

D

Feudal

Society and Social Interaction 4

4. Organic solidarity is most likely to exist in which of the following types of societies?

A

Hunter-gatherer

B

Industrial

C

Agricultural

D

Feudal

Society and Social Interaction 5

5. According to Marx, the [math]\text{________}[/math] own the means of production in a society.

A

proletariat

B

vassals

C

bourgeoisie

D

anomie

Society and Social Interaction 6

6. Which of the following best depicts Marx’s concept of alienation from the process of one’s labor?

A

A supermarket cashier always scans store coupons before company coupons because she was taught to do it that way.

B

A businessman feels that he deserves a raise, but is nervous to ask his manager for one; instead, he comforts himself with the idea that hard work is its own reward.

C

An associate professor is afraid that she won’t be given tenure and starts spreading rumors about one of her associates to make herself look better

D

A construction worker is laid off and takes a job at a fast food restaurant temporarily, although he has never had an interest in preparing food before

Society and Social Interaction 7

7. The Protestant work ethic is based on the concept of predestination, which states that [math]\text{________}[/math].

A

performing good deeds in life is the only way to secure a spot in Heaven

B

salvation is only achievable through obedience to God

C

no person can be saved before he or she accepts Jesus Christ as his or her savior

D

God has already chosen those who will be saved and those who will be damned

Society and Social Interaction 8

8. The concept of the iron cage was popularized by which of the following sociological thinkers?

A

Max Weber

B

Karl Marx

C

Émile Durkheim

D

Friedrich Engels

Society and Social Interaction 9

9. Émile Durkheim’s ideas about society can best be described as [math]\text{________}[/math] .

A

functionalist

B

conflict theorist

C

symbolic interactionist

D

rationalist

Society and Social Interaction 10

10. Mary works full-time at an office downtown while her young children stay at a neighbor’s house. She’s just learned that the childcare provider is leaving the country. Mary has succumbed to pressure to volunteer at her church, plus her ailing mother-in-law will be moving in with her next month. Which of the following is likely to occur as Mary tries to balance her existing and new responsibilities?

A

Role strain

B

Self-fulfilling prophecy

C

Status conflict

D

Status strain

Society and Social Interaction 11

11. According to Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann, society is based on [math]\text{________}[/math] .

A

habitual actions

B

status

C

institutionalization

D

role performance

Society and Social Interaction 12

12. Paco knows that women find him attractive, and he’s never found it hard to get a date. But as he ages, he dyes his hair to hide the gray and wears clothes that camouflage the weight he has put on. Paco’s behavior can be best explained by the concept of [math]\text{________}[/math] .

A

role strain

B

the looking-glass self

C

role performance

D

habitualization

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