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This question pack looks at theories of self-development, the importance of socialization, and agents of socialization.
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1. Socialization, as a sociological term, describes:
how people interact during social situations
how people learn societal norms, beliefs, and values
a person’s internal mental state when in a group setting
the difference between introverts and extroverts
2. The Harlows’ study on rhesus monkeys showed that:
rhesus monkeys raised by other primate species are poorly socialized
monkeys can be adequately socialized by imitating humans
food is more important than social comfort
social comfort is more important than food
3. What occurs in Lawrence Kohlberg’s conventional level?
Children develop the ability to have abstract thoughts.
Morality is developed by pain and pleasure.
Children begin to consider what society considers moral and immoral.
Parental beliefs have no influence on children’s morality
4. What did Carol Gilligan believe earlier researchers into morality had overlooked?
The justice perspective
Sympathetic reactions to moral situations
The perspective of females
How social environment affects how morality develops
5. What is one way to distinguish between psychology and sociology?
Psychology focuses on the mind, while sociology focuses on society
Psychologists are interested in mental health, while sociologists are interested in societal functions.
Psychologists look inward to understand behavior while sociologists look outward
All of the above
6. How did nearly complete isolation as a child affect Danielle’s verbal abilities?
She could not communicate at all.
She never learned words, but she did learn signs
She could not understand much, but she could use gestures.
She could understand and use basic language like “yes” and “no.”
7. Why do sociologists need to be careful when drawing conclusions from twin studies?
The results do not apply to singletons.
The twins were often raised in different ways.
The twins may turn out to actually be fraternal.
The sample sizes are often small.
8. From a sociological perspective, which factor does not greatly influence a person’s socialization?
9. Chris Langan’s story illustrates that:
children raised in one-parent households tend to have higher IQs.
intelligence is more important than socialization.
socialization can be more important than intelligence.
neither socialization nor intelligence affects college admissions.
10. Why are wealthy parents more likely than poor parents to socialize their children toward creativity and problem solving?
Wealthy parents are socializing their children toward the skills of white-collar employment.
Wealthy parents are not concerned about their children rebelling against their rules.
Wealthy parents never engage in repetitive tasks.
Wealthy parents are more concerned with money than with a good education.
11. How do schools prepare children to one day enter the workforce?
With a standardized curriculum
Through the hidden curriculum
By socializing them in teamwork
All of the above
12. Which one of the following is not a way people are socialized by religion?
People learn the material culture of their religion.
Life stages and roles are connected to religious celebration.
An individual’s personal internal experience of a divine being leads to their faith.
Places of worship provide a space for shared group experiences.
13. Which of the following is a manifest function of schools?
Understanding when to speak up and when to be silent
Learning to read and write
Following a schedule
Knowing locker room etiquette
14. Which of the following is typically the earliest agent of socialization?
15. Which of the following is not an age-related transition point when Americans must be socialized to new roles?
16. Which of the following is true regarding American socialization of recent high school graduates?
They are expected to take a year “off” before college.
They are required to serve in the military for one year.
They are expected to enter college, trade school, or the workforce shortly after graduation.
They are required to move away from their parents.
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