Socialization
Socialization

Socialization

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

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This question pack looks at theories of self-development, the importance of socialization, and agents of socialization.

Socialization 1

1. Socialization, as a sociological term, describes:

A

how people interact during social situations

B

how people learn societal norms, beliefs, and values

C

a person’s internal mental state when in a group setting

D

the difference between introverts and extroverts

Socialization 2

2. The Harlows’ study on rhesus monkeys showed that:

A

rhesus monkeys raised by other primate species are poorly socialized

B

monkeys can be adequately socialized by imitating humans

C

food is more important than social comfort

D

social comfort is more important than food

Socialization 3

3. What occurs in Lawrence Kohlberg’s conventional level?

A

Children develop the ability to have abstract thoughts.

B

Morality is developed by pain and pleasure.

C

Children begin to consider what society considers moral and immoral.

D

Parental beliefs have no influence on children’s morality

Socialization 4

4. What did Carol Gilligan believe earlier researchers into morality had overlooked?

A

The justice perspective

B

Sympathetic reactions to moral situations

C

The perspective of females

D

How social environment affects how morality develops

Socialization 5

5. What is one way to distinguish between psychology and sociology?

A

Psychology focuses on the mind, while sociology focuses on society

B

Psychologists are interested in mental health, while sociologists are interested in societal functions.

C

Psychologists look inward to understand behavior while sociologists look outward

D

All of the above

Socialization 6

6. How did nearly complete isolation as a child affect Danielle’s verbal abilities?

A

She could not communicate at all.

B

She never learned words, but she did learn signs

C

She could not understand much, but she could use gestures.

D

She could understand and use basic language like “yes” and “no.”

Socialization 7

7. Why do sociologists need to be careful when drawing conclusions from twin studies?

A

The results do not apply to singletons.

B

The twins were often raised in different ways.

C

The twins may turn out to actually be fraternal.

D

The sample sizes are often small.

Socialization 8

8. From a sociological perspective, which factor does not greatly influence a person’s socialization?

A

Gender

B

Class

C

Blood type

D

Race

Socialization 9

9. Chris Langan’s story illustrates that:

A

children raised in one-parent households tend to have higher IQs.

B

intelligence is more important than socialization.

C

socialization can be more important than intelligence.

D

neither socialization nor intelligence affects college admissions.

Socialization 10

10. Why are wealthy parents more likely than poor parents to socialize their children toward creativity and problem solving?

A

Wealthy parents are socializing their children toward the skills of white-collar employment.

B

Wealthy parents are not concerned about their children rebelling against their rules.

C

Wealthy parents never engage in repetitive tasks.

D

Wealthy parents are more concerned with money than with a good education.

Socialization 11

11. How do schools prepare children to one day enter the workforce?

A

With a standardized curriculum

B

Through the hidden curriculum

C

By socializing them in teamwork

D

All of the above

Socialization 12

12. Which one of the following is not a way people are socialized by religion?

A

People learn the material culture of their religion.

B

Life stages and roles are connected to religious celebration.

C

An individual’s personal internal experience of a divine being leads to their faith.

D

Places of worship provide a space for shared group experiences.

Socialization 13

13. Which of the following is a manifest function of schools?

A

Understanding when to speak up and when to be silent

B

Learning to read and write

C

Following a schedule

D

Knowing locker room etiquette

Socialization 14

14. Which of the following is typically the earliest agent of socialization?

A

School

B

Family

C

Mass media

D

Workplace

Socialization 15

15. Which of the following is not an age-related transition point when Americans must be socialized to new roles?

A

Infancy

B

School age

C

Adulthood

D

Senior citizen

Socialization 16

16. Which of the following is true regarding American socialization of recent high school graduates?

A

They are expected to take a year “off” before college.

B

They are required to serve in the military for one year.

C

They are expected to enter college, trade school, or the workforce shortly after graduation.

D

They are required to move away from their parents.

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