Social Stratification in the United States
Social Stratification in the United States

Social Stratification in the United States

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

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This question pack looks at defining social stratification, social mobility in the USA, as well as understanding global stratification and inequalities.

Social Stratification in the United States 1

1. What factor makes caste systems closed?

A

They are run by secretive governments.

B

People cannot change their social standings.

C

Most have been outlawed.

D

They exist only in rural areas.

Social Stratification in the United States 2

2. What factor makes class systems open?

A

They allow for movement between the classes.

B

People are more open-minded.

C

People are encouraged to socialize within their class.

D

They do not have clearly defined layers.

Social Stratification in the United States 3

3. Which of these systems allows for the most social mobility?

A

Caste

B

Monarchy

C

Endogamy

D

Class

Social Stratification in the United States 4

4. Which person best illustrates opportunities for upward social mobility in the United States?

A

First-shift factory worker

B

First-generation college student

C

Firstborn son who inherits the family business

D

First-time interviewee who is hired for a job

Social Stratification in the United States 5

5. Which statement illustrates low status consistency?

A

A suburban family lives in a modest ranch home and enjoys nice vacation each summer.

B

A single mother receives food stamps and struggles to find adequate employment.

C

A college dropout launches an online company that earns millions in its first year.

D

A celebrity actress owns homes in three countries.

Social Stratification in the United States 6

6. Based on meritocracy, a physician’s assistant would:

A

receive the same pay as all the other physician’s assistants

B

be encouraged to earn a higher degree to seek a better position

C

most likely marry a professional at the same level

D

earn a pay raise for doing excellent work

Social Stratification in the United States 7

7. In the United States, most people define themselves as:

A

middle class

B

upper class

C

lower class

D

no specific class

Social Stratification in the United States 8

8. Structural mobility occurs when:

A

an individual moves up the class ladder

B

an individual moves down the class ladder

C

a large group moves up or down the class ladder due to societal changes

D

a member of a family belongs to a different class than his or her siblings

Social Stratification in the United States 9

9. The behaviors, customs, and norms associated with a class are known as:

A

class traits

B

power

C

prestige

D

underclass

Social Stratification in the United States 10

10. Which of the following scenarios is an example of intergenerational mobility?

A

A janitor belongs to the same social class as his grandmother did.

B

An executive belongs to a different class than her parents.

C

An editor shares the same social class as his cousin.

D

A lawyer belongs to a different class than her sister.

Social Stratification in the United States 11

11. Occupational prestige means that jobs are:

A

all equal in status

B

not equally valued

C

assigned to a person for life

D

not part of a person’s self-identity

Social Stratification in the United States 12

12. Social stratification is a system that:

A

ranks society members into categories

B

destroys competition between society members

C

allows society members to choose their social standing

D

reflects personal choices of society members

Social Stratification in the United States 13

13. Which graphic concept best illustrates the concept of social stratification?

A

Pie chart

B

Flag poles

C

Planetary movement

D

Pyramid

Social Stratification in the United States 14

14. The GNI PPP figure represents:

A

a country’s total accumulated wealth

B

annual government spending

C

the average annual income of a country’s citizens

D

a country’s debt

Social Stratification in the United States 15

15. The basic premise of the Davis-Moore thesis is that the unequal distribution of rewards in social stratification:

A

is an outdated mode of societal organization

B

is an artificial reflection of society

C

serves a purpose in society

D

cannot be justified

Social Stratification in the United States 16

16. Unlike Davis and Moore, Melvin Tumin believed that, because of social stratification, some qualified people were [math]\text{________}[/math] higher-level job positions.

A

denied the opportunity to obtain

B

encouraged to train for

C

often fired from

D

forced into

Social Stratification in the United States 17

17. Which statement represents stratification from the perspective of symbolic interactionism?

A

Men often earn more than women, even working the same job.

B

After work, Pat, a janitor, feels more comfortable eating in a truck stop than a French restaurant.

C

Doctors earn more money because their job is more highly valued.

D

Teachers continue to struggle to keep benefits such as health insurance.

Social Stratification in the United States 18

18. When Karl Marx said workers experience alienation, he meant that workers:

A

must labor alone, without companionship

B

do not feel connected to their work

C

move from one geographical location to another

D

have to put forth self-effort to get ahead

Social Stratification in the United States 19

19. Conflict theorists view capitalists as those who:

A

are ambitious

B

fund social services

C

spend money wisely

D

get rich while workers stay poor

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