Religion
Religion

Religion

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

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This question pack looks at the sociological approach to religion, religions around the world, and religion in the USA.

Religion 1

1. In what ways does religion serve the role of a social institution?

A

Religions have a complex and integrated set of norms.

B

Religious practices and beliefs are related to societal values.

C

Religions often meet several basic needs.

D

All of the above

Religion 2

2. A cultural universal is something that:

A

addresses all aspects of a group’s behavior

B

is found in all cultures

C

is based on social norms

D

may or may not be of value in meeting social needs

Religion 3

3. Which of the main theoretical perspectives would approach religion from the micro-level, studying how religion impacts an individual’s sense of support and well-being?

A

Functionalism

B

Symbolic interactionism

C

Conflict theory

D

Feminism

Religion 4

4. Which perspective most emphasizes the ways in which religion helps to keep the social system running smoothly?

A

Functional perspective

B

Symbolic interactionist perspective

C

Conflict perspective

D

Feminist perspective

Religion 5

5. Which socialist perspective most emphasizes the ways in which religion helps to maintain social inequalities within a society?

A

Functional

B

Symbolic interactionist

C

Conflict theory

D

Feminist perspective

Religion 6

6. Which of the following do the functionalist and conflict perspectives share?

A

Position that religion relates to social control, enforcing social norms

B

Emphasis on religion as providing social support

C

Belief that religion helps explain the mysteries of life

D

None of the above

Religion 7

7. The Protestant work ethic was viewed in terms of its relationship to:

A

evolution and natural selection

B

capitalism

C

determinism

D

prejudice and discrimination

Religion 8

8. What are some denominations of the Christian Protestant church?

A

Catholic and Jewish

B

Jehovah’s Witnesses and Presbyterians

C

Scientology and Hare Krishna

D

Methodist and Seventh-day Adventist

Religion 9

9. A sect:

A

has generally grown so large that it needs new buildings and multiple leaders

B

often believes it must split from the larger group to return to important fundamentals

C

is another term for a cult

D

All of the above

Religion 10

10. The main difference between an ecclesia and a denomination is:

A

the number of followers or believers is much larger for denominations

B

the geographical location varies for ecclesia versus denominations

C

ecclesia are state-sponsored and considered an official religion

D

there are no important differences; the terms are interchangeable

Religion 11

11. Some controversial groups that may be mislabeled as cults include:

A

Scientology and the Hare Krishna

B

the Peoples Temple and Heaven’s Gate

C

the Branch Davidians and the Manson Family

D

Quakers and Pentecostals

Religion 12

12. In what part of the world have Confucianism and Taoism been primarily practiced?

A

India

B

Europe

C

China

D

The Middle East

Religion 13

13. Many stories in the sacred text of Judaism are:

A

referred to as the Apocrypha

B

oral traditions only because Judaism has no sacred text

C

shared by Christianity and Islam

D

no longer part of the Torah

Religion 14

14. What do Christianity and Islam have in common?

A

Both believe in a single supreme God.

B

Both share many of the same stories in their central religious texts.

C

Both believe in an afterlife.

D

All of the above

Religion 15

15. Social scientists refer to the use of a church to combat social injustice in the political realm as:

A

the protestant work ethic

B

conflict management

C

liberation theology

D

justice work

Religion 16

15. Megachurches tend to have:

A

a variety of male and female clergy

B

numerous buildings in which to meet

C

high attendance for only a limited time

D

large arenas where services are held

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