Population, Urbanization, and the Environment
Population, Urbanization, and the Environment

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

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This question pack looks at demography and population, urbanization, and the environment, all through a sociological lens.

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 1

1. The population of the planet doubled in 50 years to reach _________ in 1999?

A

6 billion

B

7 billion

C

5 billion

D

10 billion

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 2

2. A functionalist would address which issue?

A

The way that inner city areas become ghettoized and limit availability to jobs

B

The way that immigration and emigration trends strengthen global relationships

C

How racism and sexism impact the population composition of rural communities

D

The way that humans interact with environmental resources on a daily basis

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 3

3. What does carrying capacity refer to?

A

The ability of a community to welcome new immigrants

B

The capacity for globalism within a given ethnic group

C

The amount of life that can be supported sustainably in a particular environment

D

The amount of weight that urban centers can bear if vertical growth is mandated

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 4

4. What three factors did Malthus believe would limit human population?

A

Self-preservation, old age, and illness

B

Natural cycles, illness, and immigration

C

Violence, new diseases, and old age

D

War, famine, and disease

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 5

5. What does cornucopian theory believe?

A

That human ingenuity will solve any issues that overpopulation creates

B

That new diseases will always keep populations stable

C

That the earth will naturally provide enough for whatever number of humans exist

D

That the greatest risk is population reduction, not population growth

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 6

6. In the Concentric Zone model, Zone B is likely to house what?

A

The city’s industrial center

B

Wealthy commuter homes

C

Formerly wealthy homes split into cheap apartments

D

Rural outposts

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 7

7. What are the prerequisites for the existence of a city?

A

Good environment with water and a favorable climate

B

Advanced agricultural technology

C

Strong social organization

D

All of the above

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 8

8. Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle examines the circumstances of the working poor people in what area?

A

The jungles of Africa

B

An American farm

C

The Chicago meatpacking industry

D

A New England mill town

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 9

9. What led to the creation of the exurbs?

A

Urban sprawl and crowds moving into the city

B

The high cost of suburban living

C

The housing boom of the 1980s

D

Gentrification

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 10

10. How are the suburbs of Paris different than those of most U.S. cities?

A

They are connected by public transportation

B

There are more industrial and business opportunities there.

C

They are synonymous with housing projects and urban poor.

D

They are less populated.

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 11

11. How does gentrification affect cities?

A

They become more crowded.

B

Less affluent residents are pushed into less desirable areas.

C

Traffic issues, including pollution, become worse.

D

All of the above

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 12

12. What does human ecology theory address?

A

The relationship between humans and their environments

B

The way that humans impact technology

C

How human population reduces the variety of nonhuman species

D

The relationship between humans and other species

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment .13

13. Urbanization includes the sociological study of what?

A

Urban economics

B

Urban politics

C

Urban environments

D

All of the above

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 14

14. The “tragedy of the commons” is a reference to what?

A

Global warming

B

African landowners

C

The common grazing lands in Oxford

D

The misuse of private space

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 15

15. What are ways that human activity impacts the water supply?

A

Creating sewage

B

Spreading chemicals

C

Increasing radioactivity

D

All of the above

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 16

16. Which is an example of environmental racism?

A

The fact that a disproportionate percentage of people of color live in environmentally hazardous areas

B

Greenpeace protests

C

The prevalence of asbestos in formerly “whites only” schools

D

Prejudice similar to racism against people with different environmental views than one’s own

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 17

17. What is not a negative outcome of shoreline dredging?

A

Damaged coral reefs

B

Death of marine life

C

Ruined sea grass beds

D

Reduction of human population

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 18

18. What are the two primary methods of waste disposal?

A

Landfill and incineration

B

Incineration and compost

C

Decomposition and incineration

D

Marine dumping and landfills

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 19

19. Where does a large percentage of e-waste wind up?

A

Incinerators

B

Recycled in peripheral nations

C

Repurposed into new electronics

D

Dumped into ocean repositories

Population, Urbanization, and the Environment 20

20. What types of municipal projects often result in environmental racism?

A

Toxic dumps or other objectionable projects

B

The location of schools, libraries, and other cultural institutions

C

Hospitals and other health and safety sites

D

Public transportation options

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