Groups and Organization
Groups and Organization

Groups and Organization

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

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This question pack looks at types of groups, group size and structure, and understanding formal organizations with a glance at the "McDonald" society.

Groups and Organization 1

1. What does a Functionalist consider when studying a phenomenon like the Occupy Wall Street movement?

A

The minute functions that every person at the protests plays in the whole

B

The internal conflicts that play out within such a diverse and leaderless group

C

How the movement contributes to the stability of society by offering the discontented a safe, controlled outlet for dissension

D

The factions and divisions that form within the movement

Groups and Organization 2

2. What is the largest difference between the Functionalist and Conflict perspectives and the Interactionist perspective?

A

The former two consider long-term repercussions of the group or situation, while the latter focuses on the present.

B

The first two are the more common sociological perspective, while the latter is a newer sociological model.

C

The first two focus on hierarchical roles within an organization, while the last takes a more holistic view.

D

The first two perspectives address large-scale issues facing groups, while the last examines more detailed aspects.

Groups and Organization 3

3. What role do secondary groups play in society?

A

They are transactional, task-based, and short-term, filling practical needs.

B

They provide a social network that allows people to compare themselves to others

C

The members give and receive emotional support.

D

They allow individuals to challenge their beliefs and prejudices

Groups and Organization 4

4. When a high school student gets teased by her basketball team for receiving an academic award, she is dealing with competing [math]\text{________}[/math] .

A

primary groups

B

out-groups

C

reference groups

D

secondary groups

Groups and Organization 5

5. Which of the following is NOT an example of an in-group?

A

The Ku Klux Klan

B

A fraternity

C

A synagogue

D

A high school

Groups and Organization 6

6. What is a group whose values, norms, and beliefs come to serve as a standard for one's own behavior?

A

Secondary group

B

Formal organization

C

Reference group

D

Primary group

Groups and Organization 7

7. A parent who is worrying over her teenager’s dangerous and self-destructive behavior and low selfesteem may wish to look at her child’s:

A

reference group

B

in-group

C

out-group

D

All of the above

Groups and Organization 8

8. Two people who have just had a baby have turned from a [math]\text{________}[/math] to a [math]\text{________}[/math] .

A

primary group; secondary group

B

dyad; triad

C

couple; family

D

de facto group; nuclear family

Groups and Organization 9

9. Who is more likely to be an expressive leader?

A

The sales manager of a fast-growing cosmetics company

B

. A high school teacher at a reform school

C

The director of a summer camp for chronically ill children

D

A manager at a fast-food restaurant

Groups and Organization 10

10. Which of the following is NOT an appropriate group for democratic leadership?

A

A fire station

B

A prom committee

C

A college classroom

Groups and Organization 11

11. In Asch’s study on conformity, what contributed to the ability of subjects to resist conforming?

A

A very small group of witnesses

B

The presence of an ally

C

The ability to keep one’s answer private

D

All of the above

Groups and Organization 12

12. Which type of group leadership has a communication pattern that flows from the top down?

A

Authoritarian

B

Democratic

C

Laissez-faire

D

Expressive

Groups and Organization 13

13. Which is NOT an example of a normative organization?

A

A book club

B

A church youth group

C

A People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) protest group

D

A study hall

Groups and Organization 14

14. Which of these is an example of a total institution?

A

Jail

B

High school

C

Political party

D

A gym

Groups and Organization 15

15. Why do people join utilitarian organizations?

A

Because they feel an affinity with others there

B

Because they receive a tangible benefit from joining

C

Because they have no choice

D

Because they feel pressured to do so

Groups and Organization 16

16. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of bureaucracies?

A

Coercion to join

B

Hierarchy of authority

C

Explicit rules

D

Division of labor

Groups and Organization 17

17. What are some of the intended positive aspects of bureaucracies?

A

Increased productivity

B

Increased efficiency

C

Equal treatment for all

D

All of the above

Groups and Organization 18

18. What is an advantage of the McDonaldization of society?

A

There is more variety of goods.

B

There is less theft.

C

There is more worldwide availability of goods.

D

There is more opportunity for businesses.

Groups and Organization 19

19. What is a disadvantage of the McDonaldization of society?

A

There is less variety of goods

B

There is an increased need for employees with postgraduate degrees.

C

There is less competition so prices are higher.

D

There are fewer jobs so unemployment increases.

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