Gender, Sex, and Sexuality
Gender, Sex, and Sexuality

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

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This question pack asks students to differentiate sex and gender, and examines gender, sex, and sexuality within a broad sociological framework.

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 1

1. The terms “masculine” and “feminine” refer to a person’s [math]\text{________}[/math].

A

sex

B

gender

C

both sex and gender

D

none of the above

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 2

2. [math]\text{________}[/math] is/are an individual’s self-conception of being male or female based on his or her association with masculine or feminine gender roles.

A

Gender identity

B

Gender bias

C

Sexual orientation

D

Sexual attitudes

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 3

3. Research indicates that individuals are aware of their sexual orientation [math]\text{________}[/math].

A

at infancy

B

in early adolescence

C

in early adulthood

D

in late adulthood

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 5

5. Which of following is correct regarding the explanation for transgenderism?

A

It is strictly biological and associated with chemical imbalances in the brain.

B

It is a behavior that is learned through socializing with other transgendered individuals.

C

It is genetic and usually skips one generation.

D

Currently, there is no definitive explanation for transgenderism.

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 6

6. Which of the following is the best example of a gender stereotype?

A

Women are typically shorter than men.

B

Men do not live as long as women.

C

Women tend to be overly emotional, while men tend to be levelheaded.

D

Men hold more high-earning, leadership jobs than women.

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 7

7. Which of the following is the best example of the role peers play as an agent of socialization for school-aged children?

A

Children can act however they wish around their peers because children are unaware of gender roles.

B

Peers serve as a support system for children who wish to act outside of their assigned gender roles.

C

Peers tend to reinforce gender roles by criticizing and marginalizing those who behave outside of their assigned roles.

D

None of the above

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 8

8. To which theoretical perspective does the following statement most likely apply: Women continue to assume the responsibility in the household along with a paid occupation because it keeps the household running smoothly, i.e., at a state of balance?

A

Conflict theory

B

Functionalism

C

Feminist theory

D

Symbolic interactionism

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 9

9. Only women are affected by gender stratification.

A

TRUE

B

FALSE

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 10

10. According to the symbolic interactionist perspective, we “do gender”:

A

during half of our activities

B

only when they apply to our biological sex

C

only if we are actively following gender roles

D

all of the time, in everything we do

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 11

11. What Western country is thought to be the most liberal in its attitudes toward sex?

A

United States

B

Sweden

C

Mexico

D

Ireland

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 12

12. Compared to most Western societies, American sexual attitudes are considered [math]\text{________}[/math].

A

conservative

B

liberal

C

permissive

D

free

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 13

13. Sociologists associate sexuality with [math]\text{________}[/math].

A

heterosexuality

B

homosexuality

C

biological factors

D

a person’s capacity for sexual feelings

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 14

14. According to national surveys, most American parents support which type of sex education program in school?

A

Abstinence only

B

Abstinence plus sexual safety

C

Sexual safety without promoting abstinence

D

No sex education

Gender, Sex, and Sexuality 15

15. Which theoretical perspective stresses the importance of regulating sexual behavior to ensure marital cohesion and family stability?

A

Functionalism

B

Conflict theory

C

Symbolic interactionalism

D

Queer theory

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