Education
Education

Education

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

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This question pack looks at education around the world, theoretical perspectives on education, and prominent issues in education past and present.

Education 1

1. What are the major factors affecting education systems throughout the world?

A

Resources and money

B

Student interest

C

Teacher interest

D

Transportation

Education 2

2. What do nations that are top-ranked in science and math have in common?

A

They are all in Asia.

B

They recruit top teachers.

C

They spend more money per student.

D

They use cutting-edge technology in classrooms.

Education 3

3. Informal education _________________.

A

describes when students teach their peers

B

refers to the learning of cultural norms

C

only takes place at home

D

relies on a planned instructional process

Education 4

4. Learning from classmates that most students buy lunch on Fridays is an example of _________________.

A

cultural transmission

B

educational access

C

formal education

D

informal education

Education 5

5. The 1972 case Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia set a precedent for _________________.

A

access to education

B

average spending on students

C

desegregation of schools

D

teacher salary

Education 6

6. Which of the following is not a manifest function of education?

A

Cultural innovation

B

Courtship

C

Social placement

D

Socialization

Education 7

7. Because she plans on achieving success in marketing, Tammie is taking courses on managing social media. This is an example of _________________.

A

cultural innovation

B

social control

C

Social placement

D

Socialization

Education 8

8. Which theory of education focuses on the ways in which education maintains the status quo?

A

Conflict theory

B

Feminist theory

C

Functionalist theory

D

Symbolic interactionism

Education 9

9. Which theory of education focuses on the labels acquired through the educational process?

A

Conflict theory

B

Feminist theory

C

Functionalist theory

D

Symbolic interactionism

Education 10

10. What term describes the assignment of students to specific education programs and classes on the basis of test scores, previous grades, or perceived ability?

A

Hidden curriculum

B

Labeling

C

Self-fulfilling prophecy

D

Tracking

Education 11

11. Functionalist theory sees education as serving the needs of _________________.

A

families

B

society

C

the individual

D

all of the above

Education 12

12. Rewarding students for meeting deadlines and respecting authority figures is an example of _________________.

A

a latent function

B

a manifest function

C

informal education

D

transmission of moral education

Education 13

13. What term describes the separation of students based on merit?

A

Cultural transmission

B

Social control

C

Sorting

D

Hidden curriculum

Education 14

14. Conflict theorists see sorting as a way to _________________.

A

challenge gifted students

B

perpetuate divisions of socioeconomic status

C

help students who need additional support

D

teach respect for authority

Education 15

15. Conflict theorists see IQ tests as being biased. Why?

A

They are scored in a way that is subject to human error.

B

They do not give children with learning disabilities a fair chance to demonstrate their true intelligence.

C

They don’t involve enough test items to cover multiple intelligences

D

They reward affluent students with questions that assume knowledge associated with upper- class culture.

Education 16

16. Plessy v. Ferguson set the precedent that _________________.

A

racial segregation in schools was allowed

B

separate schools for black and white students were unconstitutional

C

students do not have a right to free speech in public schools

D

students have a right to free speech in public schools

Education 17

17. Public schools must guarantee that _________________.

A

all students graduate from high school

B

all students receive an equal education

C

per-student spending is equitable

D

the amount spent on each student is equal to that spent regionally

Education 18

18. Key predictors for student success include _________________.

A

how many school-age siblings the student has

B

socioeconomic status and family background

C

the age of the student when she or he enters kindergarten

D

how many students attend the school

Education 19

19. Allowing a student to move to the next grade regardless of whether or not they have met the requirements for that grade is called _________________.

A

affirmative action

B

social control

C

social promotion

D

socialization

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