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This question pack looks at education around the world, theoretical perspectives on education, and prominent issues in education past and present.
This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
1. What are the major factors affecting education systems throughout the world?
Resources and money
2. What do nations that are top-ranked in science and math have in common?
They are all in Asia.
They recruit top teachers.
They spend more money per student.
They use cutting-edge technology in classrooms.
3. Informal education _________________.
describes when students teach their peers
refers to the learning of cultural norms
only takes place at home
relies on a planned instructional process
4. Learning from classmates that most students buy lunch on Fridays is an example of _________________.
5. The 1972 case Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia set a precedent for _________________.
access to education
average spending on students
desegregation of schools
6. Which of the following is not a manifest function of education?
7. Because she plans on achieving success in marketing, Tammie is taking courses on managing social media. This is an example of _________________.
8. Which theory of education focuses on the ways in which education maintains the status quo?
9. Which theory of education focuses on the labels acquired through the educational process?
10. What term describes the assignment of students to specific education programs and classes on the basis of test scores, previous grades, or perceived ability?
11. Functionalist theory sees education as serving the needs of _________________.
all of the above
12. Rewarding students for meeting deadlines and respecting authority figures is an example of _________________.
a latent function
a manifest function
transmission of moral education
13. What term describes the separation of students based on merit?
14. Conflict theorists see sorting as a way to _________________.
challenge gifted students
perpetuate divisions of socioeconomic status
help students who need additional support
teach respect for authority
15. Conflict theorists see IQ tests as being biased. Why?
They are scored in a way that is subject to human error.
They do not give children with learning disabilities a fair chance to demonstrate their true intelligence.
They don’t involve enough test items to cover multiple intelligences
They reward affluent students with questions that assume knowledge associated with upper- class culture.
16. Plessy v. Ferguson set the precedent that _________________.
racial segregation in schools was allowed
separate schools for black and white students were unconstitutional
students do not have a right to free speech in public schools
students have a right to free speech in public schools
17. Public schools must guarantee that _________________.
all students graduate from high school
all students receive an equal education
per-student spending is equitable
the amount spent on each student is equal to that spent regionally
18. Key predictors for student success include _________________.
how many school-age siblings the student has
socioeconomic status and family background
the age of the student when she or he enters kindergarten
how many students attend the school
19. Allowing a student to move to the next grade regardless of whether or not they have met the requirements for that grade is called _________________.
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