Culture
Culture

Culture

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This pack explores the difference between culture and society, material vs nonmaterial, cultural elements, and pop culture vs subculture.

Culture 1

1. The terms [math]\text{________}[/math] and [math]\text{________}[/math] are often used interchangeably, but have nuances that differentiate them.

A

imperialism and relativism

B

culture and society

C

society and ethnocentrism

D

ethnocentrism and xenocentrism

Culture 2

2. The American flag is a material object that denotes the United States of America; however, there are certain connotations that many associate with the flag, like bravery and freedom. In this example, what are bravery and freedom?

A

Symbols

B

Language

C

Material culture

D

Nonmaterial culture

Culture 3

3. The belief that one’s culture is inferior to another culture is called:

A

ethnocentrism

B

nationalism

C

xenocentrism

D

imperialism

Culture 4

4. Rodney and Elise are American students studying abroad in Italy. When they are introduced to their host families, the families kiss them on both cheeks. When Rodney’s host brother introduces himself and kisses Rodney on both cheeks, Rodney pulls back in surprise. Where he is from, unless they are romantically involved, men do not kiss one another. This is an example of:

A

culture shock

B

imperialism

C

ethnocentrism

D

xenocentrism

Culture 5

5. Most cultures have been found to identify laughter as a sign of humor, joy, or pleasure. Likewise, most cultures recognize music in some form. Music and laughter are examples of:

A

relativism

B

ethnocentrism

C

xenocentrism

D

universalism

Culture 6

6. A nation’s flag is:

A

A symbol

B

A value

C

A culture

D

A folkway

Culture 7

7. The existence of social norms, both formal and informal, is one of the main things that inform [math]\text{________}[/math] , otherwise known as a way to encourage social conformity

A

values

B

sanctions

C

social control

D

mores

Culture 8

8. The biggest difference between mores and folkways is that

A

mores are primarily linked to morality, whereas folkways are primarily linked to being commonplace within a culture

B

mores are absolute, whereas folkways are temporary

C

mores refer to material culture, whereas folkways refer to nonmaterial culture

D

mores refer to nonmaterial culture, whereas folkways refer to material culture

Culture 9

9. The notion that people cannot feel or experience something that they do not have a word for can be explained by:

A

linguistics

B

Sapir-Whorf

C

Ethnographic imagery

D

bilingualism

Culture 10

10. Cultural sanctions can also be viewed as ways that society:

A

Establishes leaders

B

Determines language

C

Regulates behavior

D

Determines laws

Culture 11

11. An example of high culture is [math]\text{________}[/math] , whereas an example of popular culture would be [math]\text{________}[/math] .

A

Dostoevsky style in film; “American Idol” winners

B

medical marijuana; film noir

C

country music; pop music

D

political theory; sociological theory

Culture 12

12. The Ku Klux Klan is an example of what part of culture?

A

Counterculture

B

Subculture

C

Multiculturalism

D

Afrocentricity

Culture 13

13. Modern-day hipsters are an example of:

A

ethnocentricity

B

counterculture

C

subculture

D

high culture

Culture 14

14. Your 83-year-old grandmother has been using a computer for some time now. As a way to keep in touch, you frequently send e-mails of a few lines to let her know about your day. She calls after every e-mail to respond point by point, but she has never e-mailed a response back. This can be viewed as an example of:

A

cultural lag

B

innovation

C

ethnocentricity

D

xenophobia

Culture 15

15. Some jobs today advertise in multinational markets and permit telecommuting in lieu of working from a primary location. This broadening of the job market and the way that jobs are performed can be attributed to:

A

cultural lag

B

innovation

C

discovery

D

globalization

Culture 16

16. The major difference between invention and discovery is:

A

Invention is based on technology, whereas discovery is usually based on culture

B

Discovery involves finding something that already exists, but invention puts things together in a new way

C

Invention refers to material culture, whereas discovery can be material or theoretic, like laws of physics

D

Invention is typically used to refer to international objects, whereas discovery refers to that which is local to one’s culture

Culture 17

17. That McDonald’s is found in almost every country around the world is an example of:

A

globalization

B

diffusion

C

culture lag

D

xenocentrism

Culture 18

18. A sociologist conducts research into the ways that Hispanic American students are historically underprivileged in the American education system. What theoretical approach is the sociologist using?

A

Symbolic interactionism

B

Functionalism

C

Conflict theory

D

Ethnocentrism

Culture 19

19. The Occupy Wall Street movement of 2011 grew to be an international movement. Supporters believe that the economic disparity between the highest economic class and the mid to lower economic classes is growing at an exponentially alarming rate. A sociologist who studies that movement by examining the interactions between members at Occupy camps would most likely use what theoretical approach?

A

Symbolic interactionism

B

Functionalism

C

Conflict theory

D

Ethnocentrism

Culture 20

40. What theoretical perspective views society as having a system of interdependent inherently connected parts?

A

Sociobiology

B

Functionalism

C

Conflict theory

D

Ethnocentrism

Culture 21

21. The “American Dream”—the notion that anybody can be successful and rich if they work hard enough—is most commonly associated with which sociological theory?

A

Sociobiology

B

Functionalism

C

Conflict theory

D

Ethnocentrism

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