Aging and the Elderly
Aging and the Elderly

Aging and the Elderly

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

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This question pack looks at who the "elderly" are, the process of aging, challenges facing the elderly, and theories on aging.

Aging and the Elderly 1

1. In most countries, elderly women ______ than elderly men.

A

are mistreated less

B

live a few years longer

C

suffer fewer health problems

D

deal with issues of aging better

Aging and the Elderly 2

2. America’s baby boomer generation has contributed to all of the following except:

A

Social Security’s vulnerability

B

improved medical technology

C

Medicaid being in danger of going bankrupt

D

rising Medicare budgets

Aging and the Elderly 3

3. The measure that compares the number of men to women in a population is ______.

A

cohort

B

sex ratio

C

baby boomer

D

disengagement

Aging and the Elderly 4

4. The “graying of the United States” refers to ______.

A

the increasing percentage of the population over 65

B

faster aging due to stress

C

dissatisfaction with retirement plans

D

increased health problems such as Alzheimer’s

Aging and the Elderly 5

5. What is the approximate median age of the United States?

A

85

B

65

C

37

D

18

Aging and the Elderly 6

6. Thanatology is the study of ______.

A

life expectancy

B

biological aging

C

death and dying

D

adulthood

Aging and the Elderly 7

7. In Erik Erikson’s developmental stages of life, with which challenge must older people struggle?

A

Overcoming despair to achieve integrity

B

Overcoming role confusion to achieve identity

C

Overcoming isolation to achieve intimacy

D

Overcoming shame to achieve autonomy

Aging and the Elderly 8

8. Who wrote the book On Death and Dying, outlining the five stages of grief?

A

Ignatz Nascher

B

Erik Erikson

C

Elisabeth Kübler-Ross

D

Carol Gilligan

Aging and the Elderly 9

9. For individual people of a certain culture, the life course is ______.

A

the average age they will die

B

the lessons they must learn

C

the length of a typical bereavement period

D

the typical sequence of events in their lives

Aging and the Elderly 10

10. In the United States, life expectancy rates in recent decades have ______.

A

continued to gradually rise

B

gone up and down due to global issues such as military conflicts

C

lowered as health care improves

D

stayed the same since the mid-1960s

Aging and the Elderly 11

11. Today in the United States the poverty rate of the elderly is ______.

A

lower than at any point in history

B

increasing

C

decreasing

D

the same as that of the general population

Aging and the Elderly 12

12. Which action reflects ageism?

A

Enabling WWII veterans to visit war memorials

B

Speaking slowly and loudly when talking to someone over age 65

C

Believing that older people drive too slowly

D

Living in a culture where elders are respected

Aging and the Elderly 13

13. Which factor most increases the risk of an elderly person suffering mistreatment?

A

Bereavement due to widowhood

B

Having been abusive as a younger adult

C

Being frail to the point of dependency on care

D

The ability to bestow a large inheritance on survivors

Aging and the Elderly 14

14. If elderly people suffer abuse, it is most often perpetrated by ______.

A

spouses

B

caregivers

C

lawyers

D

strangers

Aging and the Elderly 15

15. Veterans are two to four times more likely to ______ as people who did not serve in the military.

A

be a victim of elder abuse

B

commit suicide

C

be concerned about financial stresses

D

be abusive toward care providers

Aging and the Elderly 16

16. Which assertion about aging in men would be made by a sociologist following the functionalist perspective?

A

Men view balding as representative of a loss of strength

B

Men tend to have better retirement plans than women.

C

Men have life expectancies three to five years shorter than women.

D

Men who remain active after retirement play supportive community roles.

Aging and the Elderly 17

17. An older woman retires and completely changes her life. She is no longer raising children or working. However, she joins the YWCA to swim every day. She serves on the Friends of the Library board. She is part of a neighborhood group that plays Bunco on Saturday nights. Her situation most closely illustrates the ______ theory.

A

activity

B

continuity

C

disengagement

D

gerotranscendence

Aging and the Elderly 18

18. An older man retires from his job, stops golfing, and cancels his newspaper subscription. After his wife dies, he lives alone, loses touch with his children, and stops seeing old friends. His situation most closely illustrates the ______ theory.

A

activity

B

continuity

C

disengagement

D

gerotranscendence

Aging and the Elderly 19

19. What is the primary driver of modernization theory?

A

Industrialization

B

Aging

C

Conflict

D

Interactions

Aging and the Elderly 20

20. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act counteracts which theory?

A

Modernization

B

Conflict

C

Disengagement

D

Age stratification

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