Infancy and Early Childhood II
Infancy and Early Childhood II

Infancy and Early Childhood II

Lead Author(s): Laura Overstreet

Source: Open Course Library

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A lifespan psychology question pack by Laura Overstreet.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q26

The most devastating problem for children with autistic spectrum disorder as they grow up is their lack of:

A

social understanding.

B

motor skills.

C

intelligence.

D

imagination.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q27

According to Piaget, the distinguishing characteristic of school-age children is that they are:

A

imaginative.

B

friendly.

C

logical.

D

fearless.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q28

When we revamp or change our old ways of thinking because of new information, Piaget calls this:

A

assimilation.

B

imitation.

C

accommodation.

D

historical context.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q29

The infant's first sensorimotor activities are:

A

anticipation.

B

first acquired adaptations.

C

active experimentation.

D

reflexes.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q30

Piaget's stage six of sensorimotor intelligence is known as:

A

mental combinations.

B

interesting observations.

C

primary reactions.

D

new adaptation and anticipation.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q31

Typically, stranger wariness is first noticeable at:

A

9 months.

B

12 months.

C

3 months.

D

4 months.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q32

Identify Erikson's second stage of development:

A

attachment vs. self-awareness

B

autonomy vs. shame and doubt

C

synchrony vs. attachment

D

pride vs. shame

Infancy and Early Childhood Q33

Which parenting style is preferred by Lemasters and DeFrain?

A

the teacher-counselor parent

B

the athletic coach

C

the pal

D

the martyr

Infancy and Early Childhood Q34

Preconventional morality involves:

A

an emphasis on reward and punishment.

B

the careful consideration of all options.

C

an emphasis on laws and social order.

D

trying to gain the approval of others.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q35

Lizzie is an extremely shy and anxious 8-year-old whom other children seem to dislike. She would be characterized as a(n):

A

neglected child.

B

withdrawn-rejected child.

C

controversial child.

D

aggressive-rejected child.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q36

The main concern about nutrition in middle childhood in the United States is:

A

a lack of protein in the diet.

B

the lack of calories taken in by children in this age group.

C

the high number of children who are overweight or obese.

D

the consumption of too much calcium.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q37

Stepfamilies reach the last stage of development:

A

after all parents have remarried other partners.

B

just prior to redivorce.

C

after the first year.

D

after about 7 years.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q38

At what age do children develop a theory of mind?

A

2 years of age

B

12 years of age

C

4 years of age

D

10 years of age

Infancy and Early Childhood Q39

You viewed a video in which Robin Williams helped children understand that his shoe was not alive. This illustrates:

A

the law of conservation

B

animism

C

Centration

D

egocentrism

Infancy and Early Childhood Q40

You viewed a video clip about theory of mind in which researchers found that children who develop a theory of mind early are more likely to:

A

have an unusually large corpus callosum.

B

feel anxiety about what other children may be thinking of them.

C

have a wild imagination that can get them into trouble.

D

are more popular with other children.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q41

An enduring emotional bond between people is known as:

A

unionization.

B

synchrony.

C

attachment.

D

love.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q42

A sign of secure attachment is:

A

refusing to let go of the caregiver's arm.

B

attempting to be close to the caregiver.

C

playing aimlessly with no contact with the caregiver.

D

expressing fear and anger at the caregiver.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q43

Expressions of insecure-resistant/ambivalent attachment include:

A

playing happily.

B

ignoring the caregiver.

C

exploring a new toy.

D

clinging to the caregiver.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q44

Which of the following IS NOT one of Gardner's multiple intelligences?

A

existential intelligence

B

bodily-kinesthetic intelligence

C

culinary intelligence

D

linguistic intelligence

Infancy and Early Childhood Q45

Identify the statement that best illustrates the cognitive concept called “identity.”

A

“Even though they are an omelet now, they are still two eggs.”

B

“If you'll let me have one of your cookies, I'll let you use my new crayons.”

C

“If you give back my doll, we can be friends again.”

D

“Mommy can make my scraped knee well again.”

Infancy and Early Childhood Q46

The term “holophrase” is used to denote:

A

the use of two words to take the place of one.

B

the infant's use of one word to express a whole thought.

C

a word that is empty of meaning.

D

the relationship of object permanence to language development.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q47

The theorist who believed that children learn language when they are reinforced by parental attention was:

A

B. F. Skinner.

B

Leo Vygotsky.

C

Jean Piaget.

D

Noam Chomsky.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q48

At 6 weeks of age, the infant is capable of:

A

anger.

B

laughter and curiosity.

C

a social smile.

D

stranger wariness.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q49

When a baby is upset because a caregiver is leaving, the baby is exhibiting:

A

solitary fear.

B

fear of isolation.

C

separation anxiety.

D

general anxiety.

Infancy and Early Childhood Q50

The first “crisis of life,” according to Erikson, is:

A

trust vs. mistrust.

B

industry vs. inferiority.

C

the oral stage.

D

autonomy vs. shame and doubt.