Cultural Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology

Cultural Anthropology

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This pack examines psychological values and norms across societies.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Cultural Anthropology 1

All of the following are true about anthropology EXCEPT:

A

It is a field of social science that studies the behavior of humans in their societies.

B

It traditionally has dealt with the study of cultures different from one’s own.

C

It tends to look at the “big picture” and overall culture of a group, including art, history, mythology, etc.

D

It looks at social stratification, social class, social mobility, religion, secularization, law, and deviance in human society.

Cultural Anthropology 2

What is the fastest growing demographic in America?

A

Asian-American

B

Native-Americans

C

Multiracial

D

Hispanic

Cultural Anthropology 3

Which of the following most accurately characterizes the importance of culture?

A

The ability to keep social relationships intact

B

The creation of new needs and drives

C

The shaping of genetics

D

A and B only

Cultural Anthropology 4

In Roberson’s study of British and African children, regarding how language shapes color perception, she found out which of the following results?

A

Children acquired color terms in the same way across cultures.

B

The pattern of memory errors for learning color terms in each language was very different.

C

It is suggested that cognitive color categories are innate rather than learned.

D

Children acquired color terms in a particular, predictable order.

Cultural Anthropology 5

Fill in the blank. A study found in the July issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals, suggests that poor ______________ in early life is associated with poor performance on cognitive (thinking, learning, and memory) tests in adulthood.

A

Schooling

B

Nutrition

C

Social interaction

D

Family support

Cultural Anthropology 6

A kosher diet, as discussed in Jewish religious doctrine, involves which of the following?

A

Vegetarianism to follow the doctrine of noninjury and nonviolence

B

Fasting during daylight hours, while eating and drinking before dawn and after sunset

C

The use and preparation of foods for the purpose of spiritual health

D

The amount of food left uneaten on a plate to indicate that hunger has been satisfied

Cultural Anthropology 7

Characteristics of contact cultures include all of the following EXCEPT:

A

More immediacy

B

Generally located in cool climates

C

A lot of physical contact when communicating

D

Friendship and trust are increased by close proximity

Cultural Anthropology 8

Fill in the blank. Although in most cultures people tend to express rather similar views of love as congenial, in some cultures, such as ______________, love is viewed as unrequited, sorrowful, and sadness.

A

Egyptian

B

Chinese

C

Japanese

D

Tahitian

Cultural Anthropology 9

Fill in the blank. In ______________ culture, approximately the same number of people are married as are those who have never married, and more than half of those that are married are married to someone from another racial or ethnic group.

A

Chinese-American

B

Native American

C

African-American

D

Latin-American

Cultural Anthropology 10

Fill in the blank. In ______________ culture, approximately the same number of people are married as are those who have never married, and more than half of those that are married are married to someone from another racial or ethnic group.

A

Chinese-American

B

Native American

C

African-American

D

Latin-American

Cultural Anthropology 11

Fill in the blanks. The Four Zones of Interaction is a theory of ______________ created by ______________.

A

Proxemics, Edward Hall

B

Attachment, Mary Ainsworth

C

Cultural communication, Stuart Hall

D

Developmental level, Lev Vgotsky

Cultural Anthropology 12

Human beings are constantly driven into action by a balance of which two drives?

A

Id and ego

B

Eros and Thanatos

C

Primary process and secondary process

D

Phallic and latency

Cultural Anthropology 13

In Jewish weddings, the groom smashes a glass with his right foot, to symbolize the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple. Similarly, African American couples ‘jump the broom’ together at the end of the wedding ceremony to symbolize:

A

A reminder to take all new journeys together as a union

B

Leaping past evil and moving towards purity

C

Leaving behind worldly goods

D

Sweeping away the old and welcoming a new beginning with a leap of faith

Cultural Anthropology 14

Islam prohibits Muslims from consuming all of the following items EXCEPT:

A

Blood/Raw meat

B

Alcohol

C

Pork

D

Fowl

Cultural Anthropology 15

Of the following cultures, which has the lowest divorce statistics?

A

Native-Americans

B

African-Americans

C

Hispanics and Latinos

D

Asian-Americans

Cultural Anthropology 16

Fill in the blank. According to Keromoian and Leideman’s (1986) article, “Infant Attachment to Mother and Child Caregiver in an East African Community,” the attachment classification found for the Gueissi dyads in Africa was similar to the findings in ______________ studies, with 61% demonstrating secure attachment to their mothers and 54% to other non-maternal caregivers.

A

Western

B

German

C

Japanese

D

Israeli

Cultural Anthropology 17

Fill in the blank. Sagi et al. (1991) found that studies in various countries including Germany, Israel, Japan, Sweden, and the United States have shown ______________ to differ greatly across and within cultures, leading to questions about its cross-cultural validity.

A

Emotional development

B

The strange situation

C

The avoidant type

D

Moral reasoning

Cultural Anthropology 18

Super et al. (2008) found that variability in children’s temperament in different cultures can be interpreted as which of the following?

A

Being related to true variance across cultural groups including genetics and environment

B

Being related to the different expectations held by parents in different cultures

C

Being related to parental ethno theories of child temperament which shape their parenting practices

D

All of the above

Cultural Anthropology 19

The long-term consequence(s) of maternal deprivation include which of the following?

A

Delinquency

B

Reduced intelligence

C

Affectionless psychopathy

D

All of the above

Cultural Anthropology 20

All of the following are Culture-Bound Syndromes that would be found within Latin societies EXCEPT:

A

Mal de ojo.

B

Nervios.

C

Mal de pelea.

D

Susto.

Cultural Anthropology 21

Indigenous ritual healing practices include all of the following EXCEPT:

A

Shamanism

B

Curanderismo

C

Nathalism

D

Ngangaism

Cultural Anthropology 22

Some culture-bound syndromes associated with the Native American culture include all of the following EXCEPT:

A

Ghost sickness

B

Koro

C

Iich’aa

D

Windigo

Cultural Anthropology 23

What culture is Naikan connected to?

A

Chinese

B

Japanese

C

Sri Lankan

D

Korean

Cultural Anthropology 24

When formulating a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis, cultural considerations must be taken into consideration, including which of the following?

A

Cultural identity of the individual

B

Cultural explanations of the individual’s illness

C

Cultural factors related to psychosocial environment and levels of functioning

D

All of the above

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Course Designer: Nick Affrunti, Dr. Bender, and Krystle Hays-Hurd