Brain Function
Brain Function

Brain Function

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This category centers on functions that the brain performs as a result of brain physiology and anatomy.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Brain Function 1

Which of the following is the basic mind-body question?

A

Is the mind located in the body or not?

B

Is the mind located in the PNS or CNS?

C

Is the mind located in the brain or heart?

D

None of these is correct.

Brain Function 2

We call the brain’s center of emotion and memory the _______.

A

Limbic system

B

Diencephalon

C

Neocortex

D

Basal ganglia

Brain Function 3

What main function do the dendrites of a neuron perform?

A

Receives signals from other neurons

B

Transmits signals to other neurons

C

Regulates the metabolism of the neuron

D

All of these are true.

Brain Function 4

Often used as a “last resort,” this procedure is often very effective for treating major depressive disorder.

A

ECT

B

TBS

C

IBS

D

MRI

Brain Function 5

What type of brain imaging procedure uses a magnet to realign the hydrogen atoms in the body?

A

MRI

B

MEG

C

PET

D

DTI

Brain Function 6

What type of brain imaging technique involves the use of a device called a superconducting quantum interference device, or SQUID?

A

Magnetoencephalography

B

Magnetic resonance imaging

C

Computerized tomography

D

Positron emission tomography

Brain Function 7

Which of the following best describes a CT scan?

A

A very “fancy” X-ray.

B

A super magnet.

C

A high-speed EEG

D

All of these are true.

Brain Function 8

_______ involves the use of a contrast medium injected in the blood vessels of the brain.

A

Cerebral angiography

B

fMRIq

C

ECT

D

Transcranial brain stimulation

Brain Function 9

The recording of “brain waves” uses a device called a(n) _______.

A

EEG

B

EKG

C

RPG

D

LSD

Brain Function 10

Sensory information from the left ear projects to the:

A

left and right auditory cortices

B

left auditory cortex only

C

right auditory cortex only

D

parietal cortex

Brain Function 11

The _______ are the actual receptors for auditory information.

A

Hair cells

B

Schwann cells

C

Ganglion cells

D

Cortical cella

Brain Function 12

The _______ are the detectors for pain and temperature located in the skin.

A

Free (bare) nerve endings

B

Golgi tendons

C

Sensory nerves

D

Chemoceptors

Brain Function 13

The _______ contains the receptors for smell.

A

Olfactory epithelium

B

Retina

C

Organ of Corti

D

Smell buds

Brain Function 14

The _______ is the point in the CNS where some of the information from each eye crosses to the opposite side of the brain.

A

Optic chiasm

B

LGN

C

Superior olive

D

Area IV

Brain Function 15

The _______ is the primary organ of auditory perception.

A

Cochlea

B

Stapes

C

Oval window

D

Eustachian tube

Brain Function 16

We call the ability to detect fine touch and pressure _______.

A

Hapsis

B

Olfaction

C

Gustation

D

Audition

Brain Function 17

Which of the following is not information that sensory systems code about an “incoming” stimulus?

A

Intention

B

Location

C

Intensity

D

Type

Brain Function 18

Which of these sensory systems is most closely tied to emotions?

A

Taste

B

Vision

C

Audition

D

Hapsis

Brain Function 19

_______ are the photoreceptors responsible for our perception of color.

A

Cones

B

Rods

C

Ganglia

D

Amacrines

Brain Function 20

Researchers believe that the _______ cortex is involved in the “planning” of a movement.

A

Premotor

B

Primary

C

Supplementary

D

None of these is correct.

Brain Function 21

The cerebellum appears to be important for:

A

trial-and-error learning

B

one-trial learning

C

classical conditioning

D

None of these is correct

Brain Function 22

The descending motor pathway from the caudal pons:

A

can affect head movement to coincide with eye movement.

B

helps pattern locomotion.

C

initiates movement.

D

None of these is correct.

Brain Function 23

The descending motor pathway from the rostral pons:

A

helps pattern locomotion.

B

is important for detailed movements.

C

initiates movement.

D

None of these is correct.

Brain Function 24

The net effect of excitation in the direct pathway of the basal ganglia is:

A

cortical excitation

B

cortical inhibition

C

no cortical effects

D

cortical inflammation

Brain Function 25

The reticular formation gives rise to several descending pathways, one from the rostral pons, one from the caudal pons, and one from the _______.

A

Medulla

B

IRAS

C

Fornix

D

Olivary bodies

Brain Function 26

The _______represents the highest order of motor function in humans and is most directly involved in control of fine, digital movements.

A

Corticospinal tract

B

Lemniscal tract

C

Auditory tract

D

Spinal nerve

Brain Function 27

Researchers consider the _______ and cerebellum “side loops” in the neural circuitry for motor control.

A

Basal ganglia

B

Limbic system

C

Parietal cortex

D

Hippocampus

Brain Function 28

Asymmetry in the planum parietale appears to be greatest in _______-handed men and _______-handed women.

A

Right, left

B

Left, right

Brain Function 29

For most right-handed individuals, language processing occurs mostly in the _______ hemisphere of the brain.

A

Left

B

Right

C

Dorsal

D

Ventral

Brain Function 30

Which of the following is true?

A

Men tend to process better in the left hemisphere of the brain while women tend to process equally well between the two hemispheres.

B

Women tend to process better in the left hemisphere of the brain while men tend to process equally well between the two hemispheres.

C

Men tend to process better in the right hemisphere of the brain while women tend to process equally well between the two hemispheres.

D

Women tend to process better in the right hemisphere of the brain while men tend to process equally well between the two hemispheres.

Brain Function 31

Auditory perception, memory, and speech are served by the _______ lobes.

A

Temporal

B

Frontal

C

Parietal

D

Occipital

Brain Function 32

Short-term memory functions are performed by the _______ cortex.

A

Prefrontal

B

Postfrontal

C

Prerostral

D

Precaudal

Brain Function 33

The left frontal lobes have a preferential role in _______ movements.

A

Language-related

B

Vision-related

C

Audition-related

D

Attention-related

Brain Function 34

The main function of the occipital lobes is:

A

processing of visual information.

B

auditory processing.

C

recognition.

D

problem solving.

Brain Function 35

The temporal lobes:

A

do not appear to have a “unitary” function.

B

mainly perform auditory-related processing.

C

are essentially extensions of the frontal lobes.

D

All of these are correct.

Brain Function 36

The _______ lobes appear to be important for long-term storage of sensory information.

A

Temporal

B

Frontal

C

Parietal

D

Occipital

Brain Function 37

The _______ lobes are involved in movement, orientation, perception, and recognition.

A

Parietal

B

Temporal

C

Frontal

D

Occipital

Brain Function 38

Which of the lobes of the cerebrum is important for understanding the difference between left and right?

A

Parietal

B

Temporal

C

Frontal

D

Occipital

Brain Function 39

Which of these is not a function of the temporal lobes?

A

Auditory input processing

B

Visual object recognition

C

Long-term storage of sensory input

D

Motor coordination.

Brain Function 40

Which part of the frontal lobes plays a role in the movements necessary to create facial expressions?

A

The right frontal lobes

B

The left frontal lobes

C

The superior frontal lobes

D

The inferior frontal lobes

Brain Function 41

Reasoning, planning, and problem solving are all functions controlled by the _______ lobes.

A

Frontal

B

Temporal

C

Parietal

D

Occipital

Brain Function 42

Broca’s aphasia is characterized by problems with _______.

A

Language production.

B

Word recognition

C

Listening

D

Auditory memory

Brain Function 43

In the brain, the structures of the _______ appear most important for the processing and expression of emotions.

A

Limbic system.

B

Fornix

C

Frontal lobes

D

Brainstem

Brain Function 44

One of the most important questions about the cognitive precursors to language is about how children develop the capacity for _______.

A

Representation

B

Speech

C

Babbling

D

All of these are true.

Brain Function 45

Our richest memories are often associated with _______.

A

Emotional events

B

Events in dreams

C

Private events

D

Public events

Brain Function 46

Psychologists and psychiatrists use the term _______ as a synonym for “emotion,” “feeling,” or “mood.”

A

Affect

B

Effect

C

State

D

Level

Brain Function 47

Some researchers suggest that the important difference between information processing that is conscious and processing that is not conscious is that:

A

conscious processing emerges from an organism’s motivating emotional life, whereas non-conscious processing does not.

B

non-conscious processing emerges from an organism’s motivating emotional life, whereas conscious processing does not.

C

non-conscious processing requires attentional resources, whereas conscious processing does not.

D

None of these is correct.

Brain Function 48

The morphology of language refers to:

A

the study of how words are put together.

B

the study of how words are pronounced.

C

the study of how words change over time.

D

the study of the building blocks of language.

Brain Function 49

The _______ cortex plays a key role in acquiring knowledge about objects.

A

Perirhinal

B

Suborbital

C

Olfactory

D

All of these are true.

Brain Function 50

We say that tasks requiring attention use up limited _______ resources.

A

Cognitive

B

Sensory

C

Chemical

D

Electrical

Brain Function 51

Which type of memory is most involved in remembering how to drive a car or ride a bicycle?

A

Implicit

B

Explicit

C

Short-term

D

Sensory

Brain Function 52

_______ is the study of the sounds of language.

A

honology

B

Morphology

C

Tonology

D

Reflexology

Brain Function 53

When people think of what memories are, they are usually thinking about _______ memories.

A

Explicit

B

Implicit

C

Short-term

D

Sensory

CC BY 3.0 - Saylor

Content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License .

Saylor Academy and Saylor.org® are trade names of the Constitution Foundation, a 501(c)(3) organization through which our educational activities are conducted.

Course Designer: n/a