Biology in Gender and Sexuality
Biology in Gender and Sexuality

Biology in Gender and Sexuality

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This pack looks at the biological processes involving gender and sexuality.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 1

Which of the following terms best defines biological identity?

A

Gender

B

Sex

C

Reductionism

D

Culture

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 2

Complete the analogy by filling in the blank. Testes are to testosterone as ovaries are to _______.

A

Androgens

B

Antigens

C

Estrogens

D

Ovulation

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 3

Fill in the blank. Physical characteristics that differentiate males and females and are directly involved in reproduction, such as the sex organs are called _______.

A

Primary sex characteristics

B

Secondary sex characteristics

C

Transgender

D

Androgyny

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 4

The development of male gonads requires which of the following?

A

The presence of at least 2 Y chromosomes

B

A Y chromosome with an SRY gene

C

The production of H-Y antigen by an autosome

D

Both B and C

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 5

What are the sack-like structures that store semen?

A

Ovaries

B

Placenta

C

Seminal vesicles

D

Wolffian ducts

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 6

Which hormone, predominantly female, prepares uterus for implantation of a fertilized ovum and promotes maintenance of pregnancy?

A

Androgen

B

Estrogen

C

SRY gene

D

Progesterone

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 7

Which of the following are features that develop during puberty and distinguish the two sexes, though they are not directly part of the reproductive system, for example with the development of breasts in females and facial hair on males?

A

Primary sex characteristics

B

Secondary sex characteristics

C

Natural selection

D

Biological determinism

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 8

Which of the following are the precursors to female’s oviducts, uterus, and upper vagina?

A

Ovaries

B

Placenta

C

Mullerian ducts

D

Wolffian ducts

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 9

Which of the following are the precursors to other male reproductive structures? Testosterone causes them to develop into seminal vesicles and the vas deferens.

A

Ovaries

B

Placenta

C

Seminal vesicles

D

Wolffian ducts

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 10

Which of the following is the mediator of testicular organization (sexual differentiation) in males and is dependent on the Y chromosome?

A

Estrogen

B

Testosterone

C

H-Y antigen

D

Androgen

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 11

Which of the following plays the role of secreting sperm, the fluid holding the male sex cells?

A

Penis

B

Testes

C

Prostate gland

D

Gonads

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 12

Which sex-determining gene on Y chromosome causes primitive gonads to develop into testes: sperm producing organs, which produce testosterone?

A

Androgen

B

Estrogen

C

SRY gene

D

Progesterone

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 13

Which term best describes estrogens, progesterone, and androgens?

A

H-Y antigen

B

Sex hormones

C

SRY gene

D

Testosterone

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 14

Which term defines the sex differences that appear between males and females? These represent quantitative differences between the sexes. For example, color blindness is found more often in men than women.

A

Klinefelter’s syndrome

B

Turner’s syndrome

C

Hermaphroditism

D

Sexually dimorphic traits

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 15

Fill in the blank. Through interaction of hypothalamus and pituitary gland with ovaries, the _______ is the periodic variation in hormones and fertility over course of about 28 days.

A

Puberty

B

Menopause

C

Menstrual cycle

D

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 16

Which term is used to define the biological stage of development during which reproduction first becomes possible, beginning with the appearance of secondary sex characteristics and ending when the long bones are done growing?

A

Pre-adolescence

B

Menopause

C

Preschool age

D

Puberty

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 17

At what age do children typically make full gender stereotypes and apply them as blanket rules?

A

2

B

7

C

10

D

12

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 18

Which of the following is one of the major problems in determining physiological influences on human gender-role behavior?

A

The physiological influences are generally poorly measured.

B

Feminist biases prevent appropriate research.

C

Female and male behaviors overlap enormously.

D

Female and male behavior patterns are relatively distinct.

Gender & Sexuality: Biology 19

Which of the following is true of sex differences in the degree of brain lateralization?

A

They do not exist across all aspects of cognitive abilities.

B

They have received clear support from most clinical research on brain-damaged persons.

C

They appear consistently, showing greater male than female lateralization, in behavioral studies of dichotic listening.

D

They are supported by consistent differences in the size of the corpus callosum in men and women.

E

All of the above

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