Psychology: The Science of Who We Are, Second Edition
Psychology: The Science of Who We Are, Second Edition

Psychology: The Science of Who We Are, Second Edition

Lead Author(s): Shawn Charlton, Ken Sobel, Susan Sobel

Student Price: Contact us to learn more

Psychology: The Science of Who We Are presents an overview of the major ideas and themes of modern psychology studied in introductory and general psychology courses. With an emphasis on real-life applications of psychological theories and concepts, Shawn Charlton, Susan Sobel, and Ken Sobel offer not only the structure and history of psychology but also explain such concepts through relatable examples and common experiences.

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Top Hat has reimagined the textbook – one that is designed to improve student readership through interactivity, is updated by a community of collaborating professors with the newest information, and accessed online from anywhere, at anytime.


  • Top Hat Textbooks are built full of embedded videos, interactive timelines, charts, graphs, and video lessons from the authors themselves
  • High-quality and affordable, at a significant fraction in cost vs traditional publisher textbooks
 

Key features in this textbook

Top Hat Textbook Chapters
Cross-Cultural case narratives in each chapter highlight current events and studies related to psychology subfields often through the lens of other cultures
Top Hat Textbook Create
Concept Recall boxes allow students to actively review the material and students can respond to open-ended short response questions in the Top Hat platform
Top Hat Textbook Discussion Features
Review/Reflect/Write sections in each chapter give the students a place to record their answers in the Top Hat platform so that instructors can gauge student understanding of the concepts

Comparison of Introduction to Psychology textbooks.

Consider adding Fountainhead Press’s Psychology, Second Edition, in the Top Hat platform, to your upcoming course. We’ve put together a textbook comparison to make it easy for you in your upcoming evaluation.

Top Hat and Fountainhead Press

Psychology:
The Science of Who We Are

(2nd Edition) Charlton, Sobel & Sobel

Pearson

Psychology: An Exploration
5th Edition
Saundra K. Ciccarelli, J. Noland White

Macmillan

Exploring Psychology
(11th Edition)
David G. Myers; Nathan C. DeWall


Pricing

Average price of textbook across most common format

Up to 40-60% more affordable

Accessible on any device for lifetime access

$84.99

With MyPsychLab

$227.99

Paperback textbook

$85.99

With LaunchPad

$185.99

Paperback textbook

Always up-to-date content

Content meets standard for introductory psychology. Constantly revised and updated by a community of professors with the latest content.

In-Book Interactivity

Includes embedded multi-media files and integrated software to enhance visual presentation of concepts directly in textbook.

Available only with
supplementary resources at additional cost

Customizable

Ability to revise, adjust and adapt content to meet needs of course and instructor

Built-In Interactive Assessment Questions

Assessment questions with feedback embedded throughout textbook

Pricing

Average price of textbook across most common format

Top Hat and Fountainhead Press

Psychology: The Science of Who We Are
(2nd edition)

Up to 40-60% more affordable

Accessible on any device for lifetime access

Pearson

Psychology: An Exploration
(5th edition)

$84.99

With MyPsychLab

$227.99

Paperback textbook

Macmillan

Exploring Psychology
(11th edition)

$85.99

With LaunchPad

$185.99

Paperback textbook

Always up-to-date content

Revised and updated with the latest content

Top Hat and Fountainhead Press

Psychology: The Science of Who We Are
(2nd edition)

Pearson

Psychology: An Exploration
(5th edition)

Macmillan

Exploring Psychology
(11th edition)

In-book Interactivity

Includes embedded multi-media files and integrated software to enhance visual presentation of concepts directly in textbook

Top Hat and Fountainhead Press

Psychology: The Science of Who We Are
(2nd edition)

Pearson

Psychology: An Exploration
(5th edition)

Macmillan

Exploring Psychology
(11th edition)


Customizable

Ability to revise, adjust and adapt content to meet needs of course and instructor

Top Hat and Fountainhead Press

Psychology: The Science of Who We Are
(2nd edition)

Pearson

Psychology: An Exploration
(5th edition)

Macmillan

Exploring Psychology
(11th edition)

Built-in Interactive Assessment Questions

Assessment questions with feedback embedded throughout textbook

Top Hat and Fountainhead Press

Psychology: The Science of Who We Are
(2nd edition)

Pearson

Psychology: An Exploration
(5th edition)

Macmillan

Exploring Psychology
(11th edition)

All-in-one Platform

Access to additional questions, test banks, and slides available within one platform

Top Hat and Fountainhead Press

Psychology: The Science of Who We Are
(2nd edition)

Pearson

Psychology: An Exploration
(5th edition)

Macmillan

Exploring Psychology
(11th edition)

About this textbook

Textbook Details

This Introductory textbook program presents an overview of the major ideas and themes of modern psychology studied in general psychology courses. It includes real-life applications of theories and concepts explaining the structure and history of psychology through relatable examples and common experiences.

This book aims to build a solid foundation of knowledge for students that choose to transition into more advanced psychology courses. It makes topics understandable and lucid to the learner, aids the instructor in their tasks: succinctly, accurately and in an interesting way.

Lead Authors

Shawn R. Charlton, PhDUniversity of Central Arkansas

Shawn R. Charlton earned a B.A. in psychology from Utah State University (2001) in Logan, UT, and both an M.S. (2003) and Ph.D. (2006) in experimental psychology from the University of California, San Diego. His interest in psychology was planted through conversations with his father, Robert Charlton, Ph.D., a Clinical and School psychologist. It took two years living in Santiago, Chile, for this interest to blossom into a full passion for understanding the role of the environment in shaping our behavior. This interest has become a research and teaching program focused on the evolutionary and environmental events that shape decisions. Dr. Charlton is an advocate for undergraduate research and for supporting career development among undergraduates. Dr. Charlton spends his free time playing, laughing, and travelling with his wife, Veda, and three children, Ashlin, Jaxon, and Jeron.

Ken Sobel, PhDUniversity of Central Arkansas

Ken Sobel earned a B.S. in electrical engineering from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, PA, then an M.S. in information science from the University of Pittsburgh. While at Pitt, he became interested in cognitive science, which explores the interaction between human brains and minds from several perspectives, including computer science, philosophy of mind, and cognitive psychology. Seeking to extend his training in cognitive science, he next earned an M.A. in philosophy from the University of Wyoming and a Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from Vanderbilt University. Dr. Sobel has been a professor at the University of Central Arkansas since 2005, where he studies human attention and perception, and in his free time enjoys riding his bicycle when the weather isn’t too hot.

Susan Sobel, PhDUniversity of Central Arkansas

Susan Sobel earned a B.A. in psychology from Gustavus Adolphus College and a Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Wyoming. In order to open up more professional opportunities, she obtained an Ed.S. in School Psychology from Middle Tennessee State University. Dr. Sobel has worked in community and school-based mental health, private practice, and as a professor of school psychology. She joined the Counseling Center staff at the University of Central Arkansas in 2013 and has been the director since 2014. Her interests outside of psychology include reading, travel, and watching her daughter play softball.

Explore this textbook

Read the fully unlocked textbook below, and if you’re interested in learning more, get in touch to see how you can use this textbook in your course today.

 PSYCHOLOGY The Science of Who We Are , 2nd edition cover image


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Cover and Text Design: Susan Moore
Developmental Editor: Amy Salisbury-Werhane Illustrations: Carol Hill
Some photos provided by Shutterstock and Getty Images. 

Copyright © 2018. Fountainhead Press 

The publisher has made every attempt to secure the appropriate permissions for material reproduced in this book. If there has been any oversight, we will be happy to rectify the situation, and written submission should be made to the publisher. 

At the time of publication, all URLs to websites or videos were active links. Due to the nature of internet hosting, the publisher cannot guarantee the activity of independent web hosts and takes no responsibility for inaccuracies or changes after publication. 

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any informational storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher. 

For information regarding permission, please visit www.fountainheadpress.com/permissions/. Books may be purchased for educational purposes.
For more information, please visit our website at www.fountainheadpress.com. 

ISBN: 978-1-68036-635-8
Printed in the United States of America 

  

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ABOUT THE AUTHORS 

ken sobel.jpg

Ken Sobel earned a B.S. in electrical engineering from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, PA, then an M.S. in information science from the University of Pittsburgh. While at Pitt, he became interested in cognitive science, which explores the interaction between human brains and minds from several perspectives, including computer science, philosophy of mind, and cognitive psychology. Seeking to extend his training in cognitive science, he next earned an M.A. in philosophy from the University of Wyoming and a Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from Vanderbilt University. Dr. Sobel has been a professor at the University of Central Arkansas since 2005, where he studies human attention and perception, and in his free time enjoys riding his bicycle when the weather isn’t too hot. 

susan sobel.jpg

Susan Sobel earned a B.A. in psychology from Gustavus Adolphus College and a Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Wyoming. In order to open up more professional opportunities, she obtained an Ed.S. in School Psychology from Middle Tennessee State University. Dr. Sobel has worked in community and school-based mental health, private practice, and as a professor of school psychology. She joined the Counseling Center staff at the University of Central Arkansas in 2013, and has been the director since 2014. Her interests outside of psychology include reading, travel, and watching her daughter play softball. 

shawn charlton.jpg

Shawn R. Charlton earned a B.A. in psychology from Utah State University (2001) in Logan, UT, and both an M.S. (2003) and Ph.D. (2006) in experimental psychology from the University of California, San Diego. His interest in psychology was planted through conversations with his father, Robert Charlton, Ph.D., a Clinical and School psychologist. It took two years living in Santiago, Chile, for this interest to blossom into a full passion for understanding the role of the environment in shaping our behavior. This interest has become a research and teaching program focused on the evolutionary and environmental events that shape decisions. Dr. Charlton is an advocate for undergraduate research and for supporting career development among undergraduates. Dr.Charlton spends his free time playing, laughing, and travelling with his wife, Veda, and three children, Ashlin, Jaxon, and Jeron. 

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PREFACE 

We wrote the preface for the 1st edition of this text weeks after the United States finished the 2016 presidential election. This was one of the most contentious presidential races America had ever experienced. The past year has not been much different with the political tensions continuing—and even expanding. While the political process can be frustrating at times, the pure psychology is absolutely wonderful. What influences the parties to nominate the candidates that they do? What motivates the candidates to behave as they do, and what motivates voters to respond as they do? Watching politics during times like national elections provides a prime window to observe how psychology plays out in real life. 

Of course, the wealth of human behavior available to observe isn’t limited to politics (it is just such a rich place for observing the breadth of human behavior). As you read through this book, we hope you will come to view psychology as more than just a subject you study in the classroom. A major goal for us as we work on this book is to demonstrate that psychology is truly all around you. Whether you are asking questions about your own behavior and personal experiences, or those of friends, colleagues, and national leaders, you are asking questions about psychology. Our hope is that your study of this text will help you appreciate psychology as something that happens in your daily life. 

To meet this goal, we focused on the ideas that are most fundamental to the ways that psychology helps you relate to the world around you. Chapter 1 provides a general overview of the history and philosophy of psychology. Chapter 2 describes the scientific tools used by psychologists to understand behavior. The next two chapters (3 and 4) provide an overview of the working of the brain and sensory systems. Chapters 5 and 6 provide an overview of how we develop and the role of sexuality and gender. Chapter 7 describes how we learn and change our behavior as we experience the world. Chapters 8, 9, and 10 discuss memory, cognition, and consciousness, the skills that enable us to remember, process, and adapt to the information around us. Chapters 11 and 12 provide a general overview of what motivates us, our emotions, and our personality— the enduring characteristics that shape our interactions with the world. Chapters 13 and 14 discuss mental health issues and what we can do about them. Finally, chapter 15 talks about how we manage the social world around us. 

You can see from this overview of the contents in each chapter, we cover a lot of psychology in this text. Unfortunately, we cannot cover it all. Writing an introductory text about a subject as broad as psychology requires many decisions about what to include and what to leave out of the discussion. We felt like we were walking on a tight rope between broad coverage and sufficient depth of topic. We aimed to strike this balance by focusing on what you, the reader, need to know to be able to use your growing understanding of psychology to change your behavior and how you interact with others and to build a solid foundation for those of you who endeavor into more advanced psychology courses. 

Another goal was to integrate the different areas of psychology into a coherent whole, so while you read each section, you will understand how each area influences the others. Psychological scientists typically look at their area of interest in isolation from all other areas, but you experience the world as a single whole person. By pointing out the connections between different levels of analysis throughout the text, we hope to encourage you to see behavior as a product of multiple influences (e.g., biology, learning, and culture) acting on you in a number of different ways. In order to help you understand psychology, we have built the text around several specific learning technologies (pedagogical elements): 

Critical Thinking Questions 

We weave questions throughout each chapter to help you think critically about the information you learn, as well as to give you practice in communicating your thoughts about psychology. Psychological science has demonstrated that learning is most efficient when students personally engage with the material. We hope that the critical thinking questions encourage you to actively engage the material. 

Chapter Openings 

Each chapter opens with a set of questions that will be answered as you read through the chapter. These questions were designed in light of what psychological science has revealed about how people learn. The questions “prime” your attention to look for particular information in the chapter, improving your retention of the material by piquing your interest. 

Introductory Narratives 

At the beginning of each chapter, we introduce the key components of the material through an explanatory story that exemplifies chapter content. As you read the chapter introductions, the material prepares you for more detailed study of its elements while offering a real-life example of what you’re about to learn. 

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Throughout the text, you will find brief sections that provide more depth into how psychological science applies to real world problems and situations. These sections help you to appreciate the role of psychology in your life, the major historical events in psychology, and the unexpected oddities of behavior. We also try to point out ways that psychology is applied in the workplace as well as trying to convey that psychology is influenced by culture, and can help us to understand each other and conduct ourselves in a manner that is respectful and responsible.


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Each chapter contains several sections that each end with a series of open-ended review questions that can be answered by referring to the material in the section. Serious attention to these questions will both help consolidate the information as well as provide a quick assessment of understanding. 

From the Desk of Dr. Stith 

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Dr. Randy Stith of the Aurora Mental Health Center in Aurora, Colorado has been practicing psychology for more than 40 years. The Center has been at the forefront of a number of the nation’s most traumatic public tragedies over several decades, including Columbine, and more recently, the Aurora theater shooting. Not only are the tragedies Dr. Stith and his team address impactful to the Denver area community, but also, they have garnered national and international interest as issues surrounding mental health. As a result, the field of Crisis Management emerged, which is an amalgam of mental health support, public safety, emergency, management, and security. Dr. Stith contributed his expertise in boxed moments throughout the text that are related to chapter content. We felt this emerging sub-field of psychology would both be of interest to students and offer timely, real-world examples of psychology at work. 

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Since the audience of this textbook is primarily American students, we wanted to give them the opportunity to explore how other cultures relate and respond to elements of psychology. In each chapter, narratives relating to the chapter material present current events, studies, and cultural aspects that provide points for further study and discussion. 

Review/Reflect/Write 

The end of each chapter provides readers an opportunity to assess their recall of the information using both open-ended questions and multiple-choice questions, and to engage in deeper processing of the information. The “reflect” questions ask you to engage more deeply with the material as you process your opinions and feelings regarding the material. These questions will help you to apply the concepts into your life in a meaningful way. Finally, the “write” questions encourage you to seek out new information, integrate these findings with course materials, and then write out your thoughts. 

Integration with the American Psychological Association Guidelines for the Undergraduate Major—Version 2.0 

In August 2013, the American Psychological Association created a new set of guidelines to help undergraduate programs prepare students for professional careers in psychology. We were mindful of these guidelines, and used them as a framework for our decision-making as we shaped this text. The goals outlined by the APA include: 


Goal 1: Knowledge Base in Psychology
Goal 2: Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking
Goal 3: Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World
Goal 4: Communication
Goal 5: Professional Development 


As you read this text, you will find these themes appearing throughout the narrative. For example, we discuss throughout the text the scientific nature of psychology and the importance of asking questions about how the world works, independent of our perceptions and opinions regarding behavior (Goal 2). Another theme that you will find in the text is the importance of culture and diversity (Goals 3 and 4). Finally, we have built into the narrative discussions of the career options available in psychology as well as ways to apply psychology to whatever professional path you select (Goal 5). 

We used what we know about psychology to build a text that facilitates your learning. The success of this book is determined by the degree to which you are able to use the information from these pages to engage with the world around you. We hope to convince you that psychology is not just a vibrant and exciting science, but can also help you achieve your personal goals and improve your relationships.