Abnormal Psychology: Clinical and Scientific Perspectives, Sixth Edition
Abnormal Psychology: Clinical and Scientific Perspectives, Sixth Edition

Abnormal Psychology: Clinical and Scientific Perspectives, Sixth Edition

Lead Author(s): Charles Lyons, Barclay Martin

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Abnormal Psychology, from BVT Publishing, is a concise yet comprehensive textbook with all of the content required for a primary text for students in undergraduate Abnormal Psychology or Psychopathology courses. It provides a thorough (and critical) overview of the official system for classifying mental disorders - the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). This Top Hat version contains everything you need for before, during, and after class. Students can read fully customizable chapters with built-in active learning components and formative assessment elements. Each chapter is accompanied by PowerPoint slides with built-in comprehension questions and engagement tools. After class students can engage with pre-made, fully customizable homework assignments, plus chapter summaries for student review. There is also a comprehensive chapter-by-chapter Instructor’s Manual; pre-made customizable midterm and final exams; and extensive test banks.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1 Introduction and Methods of Research

1.1 What Is Abnormal Behavior?
       1.1a Cultural Inappropriateness
       1.1b Subjective Distress
       1.1c Psychological Disability

1.2 Abnormality Is a Continuum

1.3 What Is Mental Health?

       1.3a By What Name Shall We Call It?

1.4 The Prevalence of Abnormality

1.5 The Scientific Study of Abnormal Behavior
       1.5a The Case Study
       1.5b Epidemiological Research
       1.5c Sampling and Generalization
       1.5d Reliability and Validity of Measurement
       1.5e Correlational Research
       1.5f Experimental Research

Chapter Review

Chapter 2 Historical Perspectives

2.1 Models and Metaphors

2.2 Demon Possession Versus Naturalistic Explanations
       2.2a Early Demonology
       2.2b Hippocrates
       2.2c Dance Manias in the Middle Ages
       2.2d Demonology Triumphant: Witchcraft
       2.2e Voices of Reason

2.3 Demonology Today: Alive and Well in the United States?

2.4 Humanitarian Reforms
       2.4a The Early Asylums
       2.4b Treating Mental Patients Like Human Beings

2.5 The Organic View
       2.5a An Influential Classification System: Emil Kraepelin
       2.5b The Search for Physical Causes and Cures
       2.5c An Example of Organic Causation: General Paresis

2.6 The Psychological View
       2.6a Healing by Suggestion: Franz Anton Mesmer
       2.6b The Scientific Study of Hysteria: Jean-Martin Charcot
       2.6c The Scientific Study of Learning and Behavior

Chapter Review

Chapter 3 Contemporary Frameworks

3.1 Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory
       3.1a Basic Features of Freud’s Early Theory
       3.1b Anxiety and the Mechanisms of Defense
       3.1c A Theory of the Mind: The Higher-Order Abstractions
       3.1d An Illustration
       3.1e Childhood Origins of Neurotic Symptoms
       3.1f Psychodynamic Treatment
       3.1g Variations in Psychodynamic Approaches

3.2 Behavioral Approaches
       3.2a Operant Conditioning
       3.2b Operant Learning and Abnormal Behavior
       3.2c Behavioral Treatment
       3.2d Variations in Behavioral Approaches

3.3 Biological Approaches
       3.3a Heredity
       3.3b Research Methods for Studying Hereditary Influences
       3.3c The Human Brain
       3.3d Neurotransmission
       3.3e Biological Treatments

3.4 Humanistic-Experiential Approaches

3.5 Approaching an Integrated Model

Chapter Review

Chapter 4 Classification, Diagnosis, and Assessment

4.1 Classification
       4.1a Development of a System of Classification

4.2 Problems Associated with Classification Systems
       4.2a The Reliability of Categories
       4.2b The Validity of Categories

4.3 The Diagnostic Process
       4.3a The Interview
       4.3b Observation
       4.3c Psychological Tests
       4.3d Neuropsychological Assessment

Chapter Review

Chapter 5 Stress- and Trauma-Related Disorders

5.1 Defining Stress
       5.1a The Stress Response

5.2 The Autonomic Nervous System
       5.2a Sympathetic Division
       5.2b Parasympathetic Division
       5.2c Regulation of the Autonomic Nervous System

5.3 The Nature of Stressors and Their Severity
       5.3a Stress and Cardiovascular Health
       5.3b Stress and Immune Functioning
       5.3c Other Stress-Health Relationships

5.4 An Illustration of the Range of Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders

5.5 Treatment for Severe Stress Reactions

5.6 Other Stress-Related Disorders

Chapter Review

Chapter 6 Anxiety and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders 

6.1 Fear and Anxiety

6.2 Anxiety Disorders
       6.2a Characteristic Symptoms
       6.2b Panic Disorder
       6.2c Agoraphobia
       6.2d Specific Phobia
       6.2e Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)
       6.2f Generalized Anxiety Disorder
       6.2g Separation Anxiety Disorder
       6.2h Selective Mutism
       6.2i Other Anxiety Disorders

6.3 Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
       6.3a Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
       6.3b Body Dysmorphic Disorder
       6.3c Hoarding Disorder
       6.3d Trichotillomania (Hair-Pulling Disorder)
       6.3e Excoriation (Skin-Picking) Disorder
       6.3f Other Obsessive-Compulsive Related Disorders

Chapter Review

Chapter 7 Somatic Symptom and Dissociative Disorders

7.1 Can Physical and Psychological Symptoms Be Falsified?
       7.1a Malingering
       7.1b Factitious Disorder

7.2 Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders
       7.2a Somatic Symptom Disorder
       7.2b Conversion Disorder (Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder)
       7.2c Illness Anxiety Disorder
       7.2d Psychological Factors Affecting Other Medical Conditions
       7.2e Other Somatic Symptom Disorders

7.3 Dissociative Disorders
       7.3a Dissociative Amnesia
       7.3b Dissociative Identity Disorder
       7.3c Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

7.4 A Concluding Comment

Chapter Review

Chapter 8 Personality Disorders

8.1 The Concept of Personality
       8.1a Assessments of Personality
       8.1b Categories or Dimensions?
       8.1c Classifying Personality Disorders
       8.1d Treating Personality Disorders

8.2 Cluster A Personality Disorders
       8.2a Paranoid Personality Disorder
       8.2b Schizoid Personality Disorder
       8.2c Schizotypal Personality Disorder

8.3 Cluster B Personality Disorders
       8.3a Antisocial Personality Disorder
       8.3b Borderline Personality Disorder
       8.3c Histrionic Personality Disorder
       8.3d Narcissistic Personality Disorder

8.4 Cluster C Personality Disorders
       8.4a Avoidant Personality Disorder
       8.4b Dependent Personality Disorder
       8.4c Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

8.5 Other Personality Disorders
       8.5a Personality Change Due to Another Medical Condition
       8.5b Other Specified Personality Disorder

8.6 Considerations for the Future

Chapter Review

Chapter 9 Sexual and Gender Disorders

9.1 Human Sexual Functioning

9.2 Sexual Dysfunctions
       9.2a Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder
       9.2b Male Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
       9.2c Erectile Disorder
       9.2d Female Orgasmic Disorder
       9.2e Delayed Ejaculation
       9.2f Premature (Early) Ejaculation
       9.2g Genito-Pelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder
       9.2h Other Sexual Dysfunctions
       9.2i Future Considerations in the Treatment of Sexual Dysfunctions

9.3 Paraphilic Disorders
       9.3a Exhibitionistic Disorder
       9.3b Fetishistic Disorder
       9.3c Frotteuristic Disorder
       9.3d Pedophilic Disorder
       9.3e Sexual Masochism Disorder
       9.3f Sexual Sadism Disorder
       9.3g Transvestic Disorder
       9.3h Voyeuristic Disorder
       9.3i Other Specified Paraphilic Disorder
       9.3j Causal Factors
       9.3k Treatment of Paraphilic Disorders

9.4 Gender Dysphoria
       9.4a Causal Factors

Chapter Review

Chapter 10 Schizophrenia and Psychotic Disorders

10.1 Psychosis
       10.1a Disturbances in Language and Thought
       10.1b Disturbances in Sensation and Perception
       10.1c Disturbances in Motor Behavior
       10.1d Emotional Disturbance
       10.1e Social Withdrawal

10.2 Diagnosis of Psychotic Disorders
       10.2a Schizophrenia
       10.2b Schizophreniform Disorder
       10.2c Schizoaffective Disorder
       10.2d Brief Psychotic Disorder
       10.2e Delusional Disorder
       10.2f Additional Psychotic Disorders

10.3 Causal Factors in Psychotic Disorders
       10.3a Biological Factors
       10.3b The Search for Neurobehavioral Markers
       10.3c Environmental Factors
       10.3d Psychosocial Factors
       10.3e Causal Factors in Psychosis: A Summary

10.4 Treatment of Psychotic Disorders
       10.4a Biological Therapy
       10.4b Psychosocial Therapy

Chapter Review

Chapter 11 Mood Disorders and Suicide

11.1 Diagnosis of Mood Disorders
       11.1a Mood Episodes

11.2 Depressive Disorders
       11.2a Major Depressive Disorder
       11.2b Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)
       11.2c Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
       11.2d Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
       11.2e Other Depressive Disorders

11.3 Causal Factors in Depressive Disorders
       11.3a Biological Components
       11.3b Psychosocial Components

11.4 Treatment of Depressive Disorders
       11.4a Biological Treatments
       11.4b Psychological Treatments
       11.4c Other Treatments for Depression
       11.4d Summary of Treatment for Unipolar Depression

11.5 Bipolar Mood Disorders
       11.5a Bipolar I Disorder
       11.5b Bipolar II Disorder
       11.5c Cyclothymic Disorder
       11.5d Other Bipolar Disorders

11.6 Causal Factors in Bipolar Disorders

11.7 Treatment of Bipolar Disorders
       11.7a Medication
       11.7b Psychosocial Treatments

11.8 Suicide
       11.8a Psychological Correlates
       11.8b Risk Factors
       11.8c Suicide Prevention

Chapter Review

Chapter 12 Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders

12.1 Substance Use Disorders

12.2 Substance-Induced Disorders
       12.2a Substance Intoxication
       12.2b Substance Withdrawal

12.3 Development of Substance Use Disorders
       12.3a Causal Factors for Substance Dependence
       12.3b Biological Components
       12.3c Psychosocial Components
       12.3d Summary

12.4 Development of Substance-Induced Disorders
       12.4a Alcohol-Induced Disorders
       12.4b Stimulant-Induced Disorders
       12.4c Caffeine-Induced Disorders
       12.4d Cannabis-Induced Disorders
       12.4e Cocaine-Induced Disorders
       12.4f Hallucinogen-Induced Disorders
       12.4g Inhalant-Induced Disorders
       12.4h Tobacco-Induced Disorders
       12.4i Opioid-Induced Disorders
       12.4j Sedative-, Hypnotic-, or Anxiolytic-Induced Disorders

12.5 Treatment of Substance-Related Disorders
       12.5a Biological Treatments
       12.5b Psychological Treatments

12.6 Gambling Disorder
       12.6a Causal Factors
       12.6b Treatments for Gambling Disorder

Chapter Review

Chapter 13 Neurodevelopmental and Disruptive Disorders

13.1 Neurodevelopmental Disorders
       13.1a Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder)
       13.1b Specific Learning Disorders
       13.1c Developmental Coordination Disorder
       13.1d Stereotypic Movement Disorder
       13.1e Tic Disorders
       13.1f Language Disorder
       13.1g Speech Sound Disorder
       13.1h Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering)
       13.1i Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder
       13.1j Autism Spectrum Disorder
       13.1k Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

13.2 Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders
       13.2a Oppositional Defiant Disorder
       13.2b Conduct Disorder
       13.2c Intermittent Explosive Disorder
       13.2d Kleptomania
       13.2e Pyromania

Chapter Review

Chapter 14 Eating, Sleep, and Elimination Disorders

14.1 Feeding and Eating Disorders
       14.1a Anorexia Nervosa
       14.1b Bulimia Nervosa
       14.1c Binge-Eating Disorder
       14.1d Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder
       14.1e Pica
       14.1f Rumination Disorder

14.2 Overview of Sleep-Wake Disorders

14.3 Dyssomnias
       14.3a Insomnia Disorder
       14.3b Hypersomnolence Disorder
       14.3c Narcolepsy
       14.3d Breathing-Related Sleep Disorders
       14.3e Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders
       14.3f Restless Legs Syndrome
       14.3g Substance/Medication-Induced Sleep Disorder

14.4 Parasomnias
       14.4a Non-Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Arousal Disorders
       14.4b Nightmare Disorder
       14.4c Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder

14.5 Elimination Disorders
       14.5a Encopresis
       14.5b Enuresis

Chapter Review

Chapter 15 Neurocognitive Disorders

15.1 Compromised Brain Function

15.2 Delirium
       15.2a Substance Intoxication Delirium
       15.2b Substance Withdrawal Delirium
       15.2c Medication-Induced Delirium
       15.2d Delirium Due to Another Medical Condition
       15.2e Delirium Due to Multiple Etiologies

15.3 Major and Mild Neurocognitive Disorders
       15.3a Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Alzheimer’s Disease
       15.3b Vascular Neurocognitive Disorder
       15.3c Frontotemporal Neurocognitive Disorder
       15.3d Neurocognitive Disorder Due to HIV Infection
       15.3e Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Traumatic Brain Injury
       15.3f Substance-/Medication-Induced Neurocognitive Disorder
       15.3g Other Causal Diseases for Neurocognitive Disorder
       15.3h Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

Chapter Review

Chapter 16 Legal, Ethical, and Professional Issues in Abnormal Psychology

16.1 Who Treats Mental Disorders?

16.2 The Interface of Mental Disorders and the Law
       16.2a Competency to Stand Trial
       16.2b Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity
       16.2c Civil Commitment
       16.2d The Right to Treatment
       16.2e The Right to Refuse Treatment
       16.2f Deinstitutionalization

16.3 Ethical Issues for Psychologists
       16.3a Confidentiality and Privilege

16.4 Should Psychologists Prescribe Medications?

Chapter Review

DSM-5 Classification

Bibliography