International Organization Theory
International Organization Theory

International Organization Theory

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This question pack examines the political theory behind the creation and function of international organizations.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

International Organization Theory 1

According to Joesph Nye, which is true concerning the relationship between unilateralism and multilateralism?

A

No issues faces by states are solved solely by universalism or multilateralism.

B

Under all circumstances, a multilateral approach is superior to unilateral approach in solving collective good problems.

C

Some issue are inherently multilateral in nature and are not well addressed by a unilateral approach.

D

All of the above

International Organization Theory 2

Amnesty International is an example of a ______________ because______________.

A

IGO / its membership is made up only of states.

B

state / its membership is made up of citizens.

C

NGO / its membership is made up or citizens and not states.

D

None of the above

International Organization Theory 3

An International Governmental Organization:

A

does not have states as members.

B

has states as members.

C

is immune from international law.

D

None of the above

International Organization Theory 4

Following the Treaty of Westphalia, no International Organizations appeared until the 19th century. Why is this the case?

A

There was insufficient contact between states.

B

There was little recognition of problems arising from interdependence among states.

C

There was no perceived need for institutionalized mechanisms to manage international relations.

D

All of the above

International Organization Theory 5

Following World War II, International Organizations:

A

decreased in number.

B

included the League of Nations.

C

included the United Nations, the IMF, and World Bank.

D

focused only on issues of human rights.

International Organization Theory 6

Global governance is most effective:

A

when driven by hard power.

B

when authoritarian.

C

when it is more integrated than specialized.

D

when it is unable to span national and sectorial boundaries.

International Organization Theory 7

Global governance:

A

is a process of cooperative leadership that brings together national governments, multilateral public agencies, and civil society to achieve commonly accepted goals.

B

involves only state actors.

C

has become less relevant in the early 21st century.

D

involves only non-state actors.

International Organization Theory 8

Multilateralism:

A

is associated with the use of hard power by states.

B

is always more effective in meeting states’ policy goals than unilateralism.

C

is by definition ineffective when addressing global collective action problems.

D

is a mechanism to get other countries to share the burden of providing public goods.

International Organization Theory 9

Several 21st century dynamics challenge global governance. These include:

A

decreases in poverty.

B

ad hoc attempts at multilateralism.

C

increases in communication abilities.

D

the reduction in the number of nation states in the international system.

International Organization Theory 10

Sources of international law include:

A

international conventions and international customary law.

B

general principles of law and highly qualified judicial decisions and teachings.

C

A and B

D

None of the above

International Organization Theory 11

What was the primary focus of International Organizations in the 19th century?

A

Aversion of war.

B

Outlawing slavery.

C

Coordinating increased economic interdependence.

D

All of the above

International Organization Theory 12

Why was The Treaty of Westphalia important?

A

It established the principle of national sovereignty.

B

It established the first real ordering principal among states.

C

It provided the basis for a horizontal international order necessary for the development of international organizations.

D

All of the above

International Organization Theory 13

Why was the “Congress system” that arose out of the Congress of Vienna a turning point in the history of international relations and International Organizations?

A

It created a systematic and institutionalized approach to managing issues of war and peace in the international system.

B

It established the United Nations.

C

It solved the collective goods problem that face states in the international system.

D

It introduced the concept of deterrence to international politics.

International Organization Theory 14

A focus on ‘masculinized cultures’ and its impact on International Organizational behavior would draw from which theoretical tradition?

A

Feminism

B

Marxism

C

Realism

D

Liberalism

International Organization Theory 15

According to regime theory:

A

cooperation is not compatible with state behavior.

B

decentralized cooperation can be an equilibrium outcome.

C

only zero sum games apply to International Organizations.

D

states always cooperate via International Organizations.

International Organization Theory 16

Contemporary themes in International Relations drawn from Marxism include:

A

the theory of the Prisoner’s Dilemma.

B

the theory of collective action.

C

the theory of group think in International Organizations.

D

the theory of imperialism.

International Organization Theory 17

For constructivists, the following is true:

A

Only states matter in the international systems.

B

Norms and identity are key to explaining outcomes in the international system.

C

NGOs have little impact on the international system.

D

The role of socialization is minimal in understanding the behavior of International Organizations.

International Organization Theory 18

Functionalists maintain that International Organizations:

A

are born out of normative concerns.

B

are driven initially by norms and identity.

C

are first formed out of necessity to solve collective goods problems.

D

All of the above

International Organization Theory 19

How would a Feminist oriented scholar focus on International Organizations?

A

They would examine the role of formal interactions only.

B

They would focus exclusively on the role of class in shaping the character of International Organizations.

C

They would focus on intrastate balance of power issues.

D

They would focus on the role of gender roles in shaping the international system and International Organizations.

International Organization Theory 20

In Realist theory:

A

the primary actor is the citizen.

B

the primary actor is the state.

C

the primary actor are IGOs.

D

states will never act in their best interest.

International Organization Theory 21

International Organizations are essential in promoting norms in the international system that sometimes do not serve the interests of powerful states. This statement is theoretically drawn from which of the following?

A

Constructivism

B

Marxism

C

Feminism

D

World System Theory

International Organization Theory 22

International Organizations perpetuate laws, ideas, and conditions that support the interests of the transnational capitalist class. This statement is theoretically drawn from which of the following?

A

Neoliberal Institutionalism

B

Neo-Marxism

C

Regime Theory

D

Constructivism

International Organization Theory 23

Liberal Internationalism, Liberalism, and Neoliberal theory contend:

A

that International Organizations have no agency and power separate of the interests of states.

B

that International Organizations exhibit a vital role in a world characterized by zero sum games.

C

that International Organizations do little to promote trust and reciprocity among states.

D

that International Organizations play a vital role in an international system characterized by complex interdependence.

International Organization Theory 24

Realist theory argues:

A

that International Organizations have agency and power separate of the interests of states.

B

that International Organizations are merely the extension of powerful state interests.

C

that International Organizations have eclipsed states as the most important actor in the international system.

D

that International Organizations play a vital role in an international system characterized by complex interdependence.

International Organization Theory 25

Regime theory explains cooperation as follows.

A

States seek relative, rather than absolute gains.

B

States only have short term time horizons.

C

States act exactly like economic actors who seek wealth.

D

All of the above

International Organization Theory 26

Regime theory is built on the following two concepts:

A

Capitalism and poverty.

B

Gender and oppression.

C

Interdependence and institutions.

D

Zero sum games and hegemony.

International Organization Theory 27

Which of the following is true concerning the primary actor in Liberal oriented IR theory?

A

The primary actors is the state.

B

The primary actor has short time horizons in calculating cost/benefit analysis.

C

The primary actor has both short and long time horizons when calculating cost/benefit analysis.

D

The primary actor can never cooperate.

International Organization Theory 28

Which of the following statements is true concerning Dependency Theory and its understanding of International Organizations?

A

We should expect International Organizations to reinforce an unequal global status quo.

B

We should expect International Organizations to undermine an unequal global status quo.

C

We should expect International Organizations to represent the interests of the global South.

D

All of the above

International Organization Theory 29

According functionalist theory, the European Union had its origins in:

A

a multilateral desire to overcome the tensions that remained following World War II in Europe.

B

attempts by European states to better integrate trade and their economies. .

C

a desire to build a European identity.

D

None of the above

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