INGOs & TNGOs
INGOs & TNGOs

INGOs & TNGOs

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This pack provides questions related to international non-governmental organizations and transnational non-governmental organizations.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

INGOs & TNGOs 1

Among some INGOs, there is concern that increased access and participation in the United Nations could:

A

undermine their ability to act impartially.

B

increase the power of the General Assembly.

C

increase the power of the Secretary General.

D

rewrite international law.

INGOs & TNGOs 2

As demonstrated by International Women for Women, present day INGOs focused on women’s issue argue that:

A

a singular focus is most effective in promoting the status of women.

B

women play a non-vital role in the social and economic health of communities.

C

women are an integral and foundational component of a healthy global society.

D

social issues, rather than economic issues, are the most important.

INGOs & TNGOs 3

INGOs play a unique role in international governance in that they:

A

represent state based interests.

B

always promote policies more congruent with local preferences.

C

serve as “norm entrepreneurs” and push states and individuals to change policy.

D

represent IGO interests.

INGOs & TNGOs 4

INGOs:

A

have seen their numbers increase since World War II.

B

are not affiliated with nation-states.

C

are seen as a counterpoints of power to IGOs.

D

All of the above

INGOs & TNGOs 5

INGOs:

A

focus only on human rights law.

B

are diverse in their focus areas.

C

only exist in rich countries.

D

play no substantial part in shaping international norms and values.

INGOs & TNGOs 6

The general consensus concerning how INGOs can be most effective includes the idea that:

A

horizontal, multitasking approaches work best to address issues.

B

vertical approaches work best to address issues.

C

INGOs are only able to function in democratic societies.

D

INGOs are only able to function in authoritarian societies.

INGOs & TNGOs 7

Which of the following accurately describes the unique role of INGOs?

A

Their impartiality relative to member state preference allows them to take on issues that nation states or IGOs are unable to address.

B

They only are effective with global environmental issues.

C

Their lobbying efforts undermine collective goods.

D

Their reduced numbers has produced concentrated circles of decision making within the global governance community.

INGOs & TNGOs 8

Which of the following statement accurately describes the relationship between human rights INGOs and state authorities in the African and Middle East region?

A

INGOs are seen as allies and important to state authorities.

B

INGOs are seen as supporting state authorities in promoting democracy.

C

INGOs are seen as undercutting state authorities and are deemed dangerous to national security.

D

INGOs are seen as representing growing Chinese influence in the region.

INGOs & TNGOs 9

Which of the following statements most accurately describes the impact of INGOs on international governance in the last three decades?

A

They have had little impact on international governance.

B

INGOs have seen their influence and leverage increase due in part to globalization.

C

INGOs have seen their influence and leverage decrease due in part to globalization.

D

All of the above

INGOs & TNGOs 10

With respect to the United Nations, INGOs:

A

are unable to participate.

B

may be granted “observer status” and participate at various levels short of voting.

C

have seen their influence decrease in the era of globalization.

D

have informally taken over the role of the Security Council.

INGOs & TNGOs 11

Based on current trends in global economics and information communication, we would expect that the influence of TNGOs will ______________ over the next twenty years.

A

decrease

B

increase

C

stay the same

D

increase, then decrease

INGOs & TNGOs 12

Based on the evidence from “Fair Trade” movements, what can we conclude about TNGO impact on economic issues?

A

They have undermined local and regional attempts to improved labor conditions.

B

They have become more powerful that transnational corporations in setting global economic policy.

C

They have supported ruling handed down by the World Trade Organization.

D

They have raised awareness, particularly in rich countries, on living and labor conditions across much of the developing world.

INGOs & TNGOs 13

Epistemic communities:

A

are transnational “knowledge networks.”

B

are focused strictly on scientific advance.

C

are sub-regional in origin.

D

None of the above

INGOs & TNGOs 14

How has transnationalizing capitalism (“globalization”) shaped TNGOs?

A

It has had no impact on TNGOs.

B

It has reduced the number of issues that TNGOs focus on.

C

It has increased the number of issues that TNGOs focus on, particularly around labor rights and working conditions.

D

All of the above

INGOs & TNGOs 15

How have TNGOs impacted international governance?

A

Their increasing power organized outside the nation-state system challenges state based authority.

B

Their decreasing power has strengthened INGOs.

C

TNGOs have had no impact on international governance.

D

None of the above

INGOs & TNGOs 16

Terrorist organizations, as TNGOs, have:

A

reinforced the power of the state in international governance.

B

undermined the concept of asymmetrical, illegitimate collective violence in pursuit of political goals.

C

reinforce the concept of asymmetrical, illegitimate collective violence in pursuit of political goals that stands outside or above the nation-state.

D

None of the above

INGOs & TNGOs 17

TNGOs differ from INGOs in what respect?

A

They have had little impact on international governance.

B

The number of TNGOs has decreased while the number of INGOs has increased.

C

TNGOs work across national boundaries and by definition could exist without states.

D

TNGOs only impact international human rights and environmental standards.

INGOs & TNGOs 18

Why are epistemic communities important?

A

They undermine state and INGO authority.

B

They are the foundation of transnational scientific collaboration.

C

They are the source of human rights norms.

D

They reinforce state authority.

INGOs & TNGOs 19

Based on the evidence, the effectiveness of INGOs since WW II in impacting policy choices in wealthy states:

A

is varied.

B

is uniform.

C

is decreasing.

D

None of the above

INGOs & TNGOs 20

How has the growth of INGOs and IOs increased the influence of domestic based NGOs?

A

INGOs and IOs provide potential resources for domestic NGOs that previously didn’t exist.

B

INGOs and IOs compete with domestic NGOs.

C

INGOs and IOs regard domestic NGOs as unimportant to issues of global governance.

D

None of the above

INGOs & TNGOs 21

What is the impact of the G-20 on INGOs and NGOs focused on problems in the developing world?

A

Given that the G-20 represents only Western states, it has raised the profile of INGOs and NGOs in rich countries.

B

It has little impact on INGO and NGO influence in global governance outcomes.

C

The G-20’s focus on increasing protectionism has reframed trade issues that resonates with INGOs and NGOs in the global South.

D

Given that the G-20 represents in part emerging economies, it has raised the profile of INGOs and NGOs in poor and middle income countries.

INGOs & TNGOs 22

When state based institutions are expanding, they offer an opportunity for INGOs to increase their influence. Why is this?

A

Increased state capacity allows for less communication among citizen groups.

B

Increased state capacity often translates into decreased political opportunity structures.

C

Increased state capacity often translates into increased political opportunity structures.

D

Capacity of state based institutions had no impact on the influence of INGOs.

INGOs & TNGOs 23

Which of the following factors has not increased the power of INGOs and NGOs since World War II?

A

The United Nations

B

The end of the Cold War

C

Globalization

D

None of the above

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