History and Structure of Congress
History and Structure of Congress

History and Structure of Congress

Source: Saylor

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A question pack on Congressional Politics from Saylor Academy.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

History and Structure of Congress Q1

According to John Hibbing and Christopher Larimer’s “The American Public’s View of Congress,” Congress’s low approval ratings in the beginning of the 21st century can mainly be attributed to which of the following?

A

Scandals

B

Overt partisanship

C

Lack of public knowledge about Congress

D

Failed attempts to represent and reconcile diverse interests

History and Structure of Congress Q2

Agreed upon by the delegates of the Constitutional Convention, who would ratify the new Constitution?

A

A general referendum of all citizens

B

State ratifying conventions

C

Congress

D

The House of Representatives

History and Structure of Congress Q3

Complete the sentence. All of the following are arguments against term limits EXCEPT:

A

They are undemocratic.

B

They represent a lack of faith in voters.

C

They reduce the ability of state legislators to do some aspects of their jobs.

D

They encourage more candidates to run for office.

History and Structure of Congress Q4

Complete the sentence. Powers of Congress include all of the following EXCEPT:

A

Borrowing money.

B

Regulating foreign and interstate trade.

C

Proposing amendments to the Constitution.

D

Granting pardons.

History and Structure of Congress Q5

In every year since______________, there has been at least one woman serving in Congress.

A

1776

B

1890

C

1922

D

1966

History and Structure of Congress Q6

The convention plan which advocated a single-house legislature where each state would have an equal vote was called the ______________.

A

Virginia Plan

B

New Jersey Plan

C

Connecticut Plan

D

Great Compromise

History and Structure of Congress Q7

The convention proposal that called for a legislature with representation in both houses based on population was called the ______________.

A

Virginia Plan

B

New Jersey Plan

C

New York Plan

D

Great Compromise

History and Structure of Congress Q8

To prevent an "excess of democracy,” the original Constitution restricted direct popular election to ______________.

A

The Senate

B

The President

C

Federal judges

D

The House of Representatives

History and Structure of Congress Q9

The “Federalist Papers” were a series of essays published in New York, which______________.

A

Advocated against ratification of the Constitution.

B

Advocated for ratification of the Constitution.

C

Called for rebellion against the British King.

D

Called for New York to secede from the other states.

History and Structure of Congress Q10

According to the Constitution, the minimal age requirements for members of the House and Senate are______________ and ______________ years, respectively.

A

21; 25

B

25; 30

C

30; 35

D

40; 40

History and Structure of Congress Q11

Representation in Congress takes on which of the following forms?

A

Trustee

B

Delegate

C

Politico

D

All of the above

History and Structure of Congress Q12

What is the constitutional basis for the implied powers of the national government?

A

The supremacy clause

B

The necessary and proper clause

C

The due process clause

D

Article II

History and Structure of Congress Q13

What is the dominant profession for most members of Congress?

A

Law

B

Business

C

Education

D

Public service

History and Structure of Congress Q14

What is the proportion of U.S. House members who are up for reelection every two years?

A

One third

B

One half

C

Two thirds

D

All of them

History and Structure of Congress Q15

What is the proportion of U.S. Senators who are up for reelection every two years?

A

20 percent

B

One-third

C

One-half

D

Two-thirds

History and Structure of Congress Q16

What religion are the majority of members of the 112th Congress?

A

Catholic

B

Jewish

C

Protestant

D

Unitarian

History and Structure of Congress Q17

What types of bills must originate in the House of Representatives?

A

Defense

B

Revenue

C

Education

D

All of the above

History and Structure of Congress Q18

What was the Constitution’s framers’ rationale for creating a Congress comprised of two houses (bicameral)?

A

To limit debate

B

To allow for more representatives

C

To slow down the legislative process

D

To provide one house for each political party

History and Structure of Congress Q19

What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia?

A

To draft a replacement for the Articles of Confederation.

B

To amend the Articles of Confederation.

C

To discuss surrender to the British Monarchy.

D

To devolve all power to state governments.

History and Structure of Congress Q20

Which of the following statements comparing the House of Representatives to the Senate is true?

A

Compared to the House of Representatives, the Senate has more rules.

B

Compared to the House of Representatives, the Senate is less flexible.

C

Compared to the House of Representatives, the Senate's more prestigious individual members have more power to affect outcomes.

D

Compared to the House of Representatives, the Senate provides less time for debate.

History and Structure of Congress Q21

A member of Congress generally adopts which type of focus on Capitol Hill?

A

Constituent

B

Policy

C

Political

D

All of the above

History and Structure of Congress Q22

All of the following are components of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act EXCEPT:

A

A ban on soft money.

B

Increased hard money contribution limits.

C

A ban on candidates from using federal funding for campaigns.

D

Restrictions on issue advocacy advertising.

History and Structure of Congress Q23

All of the following are key assets that contribute to a successful run for Congress EXCEPT:

A

An articulate and resonating message.

B

Experience on Capitol Hill.

C

Energy.

D

The ability to raise money.

History and Structure of Congress Q24

All of the following contributed to the historic increase of female members in Congress in 1992 EXCEPT:

A

Congress’s failure to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment.

B

The controversial confirmation hearings of Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas.

C

Bill Clinton’s presidential campaign.

D

The unusually large number of open congressional seats that year.

History and Structure of Congress Q25

Reelection rates for members of Congress are typically in the range of ______________ percent.

A

100-110

B

50-60

C

10-20

D

85-95

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