History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System
History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System

Source: Saylor

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A question pack on campaigns and elections from Saylor Academy.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q1

According to former United Nations Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick, which of the following descriptions encompass the definition of “democratic elections”?

A

Inclusive

B

Periodic

C

Definitive

D

All of the above

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q2

According to the Federalist Papers, what was Alexander Hamilton’s central argument on how elections should be governed?

A

The national government should be given a check on the ability of state governments to regulate the election of members to Congress in order to prevent disunion

B

States should be given the sole power to regulate elections in order to prevent the accumulation of political power within a centralized national government

C

The power over elections should be shared equally between the national government and the states to ensure national unity

D

The national government should have absolute authority over elections in order to avoid too much state autonomy

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q3

In general, states require that eligible voters must satisfy all of the following requirements EXCEPT:

A

Must be at least 18 years of age

B

Must maintain residency in the geographic area where they vote

C

Must be a U.S. citizen

D

Must have a clean driving record

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q4

The reelection of President George Washington in 1792 is considered one of the most important in history because:

A

It established the principle of regular elections

B

It was the first time in which presidential power switched hands from one political party to another

C

It confirmed the conservative nature of the American republic

D

It was the last presidential election before the American Revolution

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q5

Complete the sentence. The outcome of a congressional election is largely determined by:

A

Partisanship of the district

B

The presence or absence of an incumbent

C

The issues of the day

D

All of the above

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q6

A presidential caucus ______________.

A

Is a closed meeting of members of a political party who gather to select delegates to the national convention

B

Functions as a preliminary election whereby voters decide their party’s candidates

C

Enables voters to select one candidate per office irrespective of party affiliation

D

Is a series of regional primaries, held by groups of states every two or three weeks, to choose their presidential candidate

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q7

The most prevalent voting system for elections in the United States is the ______________ system.

A

Single member plurality

B

Proportional representation

C

Winner-take-all

D

Semi-proportional

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q8

The one exception to the openness of democratic elections is the act of______________.

A

Casting a vote

B

Publicly opposing the party in power

C

Contesting an election

D

Tallying the election results

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q9

The primary rules and processes for presidential elections is determined by______________.

A

State political parties

B

Congress

C

State legislatures

D

The courts

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q10

The total number of Electoral College votes that a presidential candidate needs in order to win the general election is______________.

A

435

B

270

C

535

D

538

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q11

If both presidential candidates fail to get the majority votes needed for the Electoral College, the election is decided by ______________.

A

The Supreme Court

B

The Senate

C

The House of Representatives

D

State party conventions

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q12

What proportion of members of the U.S. House of Representatives is up for reelection every two years?

A

One third

B

One half

C

Two thirds

D

All of them

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q13

What was the first year in which at least one state legally permitted women to vote?

A

1798

B

1824

C

1869

D

1945

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q14

When does redistricting of congressional district lines occur?

A

When there is a significant population shift

B

When the state legislature enacts the appropriate provisions

C

Every ten years

D

After each major presidential election

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q15

When is the term “gerrymandering” used?

A

When the political party in control draws district lines to enhance its own political fortunes

B

When the Senate draws lines around racial districts

C

When referring to Supreme Court decisions regarding redistricting

D

When the governor of a state changes voting districts to ensure reelection

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q16

Where is the Electoral College mentioned in the Constitution?

A

Article II

B

The 12th Amendment

C

A and B

D

It is not in the Constitution

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q17

Which of the following increases the likelihood of peaceful election transitions?

A

The rule of law

B

Well-developed political and electoral institutions

C

A strong civil society, supported by a free press

D

All of the above

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q18

Which of the following is critical to maintaining representative government?

A

A critical mass of people who are willing to run for political office

B

Participatory citizens who are knowledgeable about government and public life

C

The ability to speak English

D

Legal citizenship

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q19

Which of the following would have been granted the right to vote in colonial America?

A

A wealthy white widow who owned property

B

A white man who owned property

C

A free black who became a born-again Christian

D

All of the above

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q20

A form of government in which the supreme power is vested in its citizens who have the right to elect people to represent them is known as a(n).

A

Monarchy

B

Democracy

C

Oligarchy

D

Theocracy

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q21

Among the problems inherent in the public financing system of elections is that:

A

It does not allow qualified candidates to receive matching funds before the beginning of an election year

B

It is not well-financed by the federal government

C

The spending ceiling has not been revised to reflect the fact that more money has to be spent earlier in the campaigns

D

All of the above

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q22

The agency responsible for administering federal campaign finance laws is the:

A

Federal Election Commission

B

Federal Communications Commission

C

Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Agency

D

Congressional Campaign Committee

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q23

Similar to today, throughout most of the United States’ history, the majority of money donated to political campaigns has come from:

A

Political parties

B

Small donations from middle-class individuals

C

Corporations and wealthy individuals

D

Labor unions

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q24

A possible explanation as to why journalists are more likely to run for office is that:

A

They are driven by a desire to change the world for the better

B

They are better at fundraising

C

They feel morally and intellectually superior to politicians

D

A and C

History and Campaigns of the U.S. Electoral System Q25

Advantages of incumbency for elected officials during reelection include:

A

Name recognition

B

Free mailings to constituents

C

A large staff

D

All of the above

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