Gender in U.S. Policy and Law
Gender in U.S. Policy and Law

Gender in U.S. Policy and Law

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This question pack looks at the treatment of gender in American policy and law, including issues of pay inequality, Title IX, and more.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Gender and US Law 1

Which of the following best characterizes the reproductive rights granted to women by the U.S. Supreme C ourt’s 1973 Roe v. Wade decision?

A

A woman can only terminate a pregnancy if the pregnancy is a result of a sexual assault.

B

A woman’s right to privacy is exceeded by a fetus’s right to life, and thus abortion is always unconstitutional.

C

A woman, with her doctor, can choose abortion in earlier months of pregnancy without legal restriction, and in later months with restrictions, based on the right to privacy.

D

A woman can have an abortion at any stage in the pregnancy without consulting a doctor.

Gender and US Law 2

Which of the following best describes the Equal Rights Amendment?

A

It requires that the U.S. Constitution be applied equally to men and women.

B

It requires that women be given special constitutional considerations.

C

It requires that men be given special constitutional considerations.

D

It requires a tax increase to enforce it.

E

None of the above

Gender and US Law 3

Which of the following is NOT true about the Equal Rights Amendment?

A

It asks that the U.S. Constitution be applied equally to men and women.

B

It has never been ratified.

C

Alice Paul was instrumental in its development.

D

It was ratified in 1966.

E

There are still activists working to get it passed.

Gender and US Law 4

Which of the following rights serves as the primary foundation of Supreme Court rulings permitting a limited right to abortion in the U.S.?

A

Freedom of Speech

B

Freedom of Religion

C

Right to Privacy

D

Freedom of Assembly

E

None of the above

Gender and US Law 5

Which of the following statements is NOT true about public attitudes toward abortion in contemporary U.S. politics?

A

The public increasingly believes that abortion should be legal but rare, and thus more restrictions on abortion have been legislated in many states in the last two decades.

B

The Republican Party’s opposition to abortion has been fueled in recent elections by the religious beliefs of some of their members.

C

Abortion continues to be an important and controversial issue for the public in U.S. elections.

D

The majority of Americans believe abortion should be easily obtained throughout a woman’s pregnancy.

E

All of the above are true.

Gender and US Law 6

Which of the following was NOT a focus of Second Wave feminism’s critique regarding the role of women and housework?

A

Housework is unpaid.

B

Housework is dull.

C

Women want and need the fulfillment of a professional life outside the home as much as men do.

D

Housework is something men should do more than women.

E

Limiting a married woman to household work and raising children makes it difficult for divorced women to find jobs and support themselves after the marriage ends.

Gender and US Law 7

Which wave of feminism is associated with the “Homemaker’s Bill of Rights”?

A

First Wave

B

Second Wave

C

Third Wave

D

Both A and C

E

None of the above

Gender and US Law 8

Men and women in U.S. politics differ slightly in their opinions on which of the following issues?

A

The role of government in society

B

U.S. military intervention

C

Healthcare and welfare

D

Affirmative action

E

All of the above

Gender and US Law 9

Roughly what percentage of rape victims are female?

A

25 percent

B

50 percent

C

60 percent

D

75 percent

E

90 percent

Gender and US Law 10

The U.S. legal system recognizes which of the following in its definition of rape?

A

An illegitimate use of force

B

Disregard of the victim’s non-consent

C

Prior existence of a power relationship between victim and alleged perpetrator

D

Both A and B

E

None of the above

Gender and US Law 11

When did concerns about sexism in medicine and bioethics first begin to take root among feminist writers and activists?

A

1950s

B

1960s

C

1970s

D

1980s

E

1990s

Gender and US Law 12

When was the gender gap in U.S. politics first identified?

A

1890

B

1960

C

1980

D

1990

E

2000

Gender and US Law 13

When was Title IX passed?

A

1912

B

1920

C

1960

D

1972

E

It hasn’t passed yet.

Gender and US Law 14

Which of the following are included in the World Charter for Prostitutes’ Rights?

A

Decriminalize all aspects of adult prostitution resulting from individual decision.

B

Decriminalize prostitution and regulate third parties according to standard business codes.

C

Enforce criminal laws against fraud, coercion, violence, child sexual abuse, child labor, rape, and racism everywhere and across national boundaries, whether or not in the context of prostitution.

D

Eradicate laws that can be interpreted to deny freedom of association, or freedom to travel, to prostitutes within and between countries; prostitutes have rights to a private life.

E

All of the above

Gender and US Law 15

Which of the following areas of law might a feminist legal philosophy address?

A

Reproductive rights

B

Citizenship and equality

C

Women’s rights as private citizens and members of the workforce

D

All of the above

E

None of the above

Gender and US Law 16

Which of the following aspects of U.S. national security impacts gender equality?

A

U.S. counter-terrorism measures

B

U.S. immigration policies

C

U.S. foreign policy

D

U.S. asylum policy

E

All of the above

Gender and US Law 17

Which of the following is a predictor of how a voter in the United States will vote in a presidential election?

A

Marital status

B

Sex

C

Education level

D

Income level

E

All of the above

Gender and US Law 18

Which of the following is NOT an example of a program expanded from the Violence Against Women Act?

A

Legal aid for survivors of violence

B

Protections for victims who are evicted from their home as a result of domestic abuse or stalking

C

Programs and services for children and teens

D

Programs aimed at providing equal access to education at public colleges

E

Funding for rape crisis hotlines

Gender and US Law 19

Which of the following is NOT an underlying presumption of a feminist philosophy of law?

A

All human beings are of equal intrinsic moral integrity.

B

All human beings are entitled to equal protection of the law.

C

No legal system, as it is currently constituted, provides equal protection of law to men.

D

No legal system, as it is currently constituted, provides equal protection to women and children.

E

All of the above are underlying presumptions of a feminist philosophy of law.

Gender and US Law 20

Which of the following is NOT true about the gender gap in American politics?

A

Women are slightly more likely to vote Democrat than men.

B

Women are slightly more liberal when it comes to social issues than men.

C

Women are slightly more likely to voice anti-war opinions than men.

D

Women are slightly more likely to vote Republican than men.

E

Women are slightly more likely to vote than men.

Gender and US Law 21

Which of the following is NOT true about Title IX?

A

It covers men, women, boys, and girls in public educational institutions.

B

It covers men, women, boys, and girls in private businesses that receive federal funding.

C

It does not apply to admissions, recruitment, or course offerings at public educational institutions.

D

It covers sexual harassment.

E

All of the above

Gender and US Law 22

Which of the following is the best illustration of the gender gap in U.S. politics?

A

Since the 1980s, women are more likely to vote for Republican candidates than for Democratic candidates.

B

Since the 1980s, women are likely to make more money than men.

C

Since the 1980s, women are more likely to vote for Democratic candidates than for Republican candidates.

D

Both A and B

E

None of the above

Gender and US Law 23

Which of the following is true of a feminist philosophy of law?

A

It is concerned with analyzing legal structures and their impact on women and girls.

B

It is concerned with formulating new structures or reforms that could correct gender injustice, exploitation, or restriction.

C

It is the critique of the law as a patriarchal institution.

D

All of the above

E

None of the above

Gender and US Law 24

Which of the following pieces of legislation is primarily meant to ensure gender equity at public institutions of higher learning?

A

The 19th Amendment

B

The Equal Rights Amendment

C

Title IX

D

All of the above

E

None of the above

Gender and US Law 25

Which of the following statements is true about sex trafficking?

A

It primarily involves women and children.

B

Feminists all agree that sex trafficking is a problem and that sex workers should be arrested.

C

It is legal in the United States.

D

All of the above

E

None of the above

Gender and US Law 26

Which of the following statements is true?

A

Academics worry that female students in the U.S. are underrepresented in undergraduate Sociology programs.

B

Academics worry that female students in the U.S. are underrepresented in undergraduate Psychology programs.

C

Academics worry that female students in the U.S. are underrepresented in undergraduate Engineering departments.

D

Both A and B

E

None of the above

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