Feminist Thinkers
Feminist Thinkers

Feminist Thinkers

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This question pack looks at prominent western feminist thinkers, ranging from proto-feminist Mary Wollstonecraft to philosopher Michel Foucault.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Feminist Thinkers 1

In the “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, the main character is convinced that there is something wrong with her, and grows to resent her husband’s insistence that she is suffering from “nervous depression” and must rest in bed all of the time. What is the primary feminist sentiment being expressed here?

A

Many women need more activity and stimulation in their lives, not less.

B

Psychological issues, like those the main character experiences, are best served by rest and medical attention.

C

The medical establishment is to blame for women who experience psychological issues like those that the main character experiences.

D

Many women who feel they aren’t living up to their potential are actually mentally ill.

E

None of the above

Feminist Thinkers 2

In which of the following readings do you find concerns about women’s right to own property?

A

Simone de Beauvoir’s “The Second Sex”

B

Betty Friedan’s “Feminine Mystique”

C

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony’s “Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions”

D

Emma Goldman’s writings on anarchism

E

Mary Wollstonecraft’s “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman”

Feminist Thinkers 3

John Stuart Mill, writing in the early years of First Wave feminism, maintained that because of patriarchal laws and conventions, the true nature of women couldn’t be known. Which of the following statements best describes Mill’s argument?

A

Men define women, and that is counterproductive to the economic well-being of society.

B

Women are oppressed by political and economic institutions.

C

The character of women in society has been primarily shaped and defined by men, but for women and the culture to flourish, women must be free to shape and define themselves.

D

Women are more superficial than men and thus prone to being subordinated.

E

All of the above

Feminist Thinkers 4

What was the primary argument of early feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft?

A

Women and men should have equal voting rights.

B

Women and men should be equally represented in government.

C

Women deserve educational opportunities similar to men, in order to be productive citizens, wives, and mothers.

D

Politicians should work toward making it so more women are permitted in higher status jobs.

E

More women should join feminist movements.

Feminist Thinkers 5

Which of the following is NOT true of Sojourner Truth?

A

She was born into slavery and escaped.

B

She secured land rights for former slaves after the Civil War.

C

She advocated for abolitionism.

D

She advocated for women’s rights.

Feminist Thinkers 6

Which of the following philosophies of thought did Emma Goldman bring to the feminist movement?

A

Socialism

B

Libertarianism

C

Anarchism

D

Communism

E

Marxism

Feminist Thinkers 7

Which of the following was NOT an issue addressed by First Wave feminists Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony?

A

Right to own property

B

Education

C

Suffrage

D

Reproductive rights

E

All of these were issues addressed by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony.

Feminist Thinkers 8

Which of following is NOT a recommendation from Linda Hirshman’s “America’s Stay-at-Home Feminists” article?

A

Women should marry men who make less than they do.

B

Women should go to college and avoid liberal arts degrees.

C

Women should not get married.

D

Women should only have one child at the most.

E

All of the above are recommendations from Linda Hirshman.

Feminist Thinkers 9

Which of the following best characterizes Betty Friedan’s role in Second Wave feminism?

A

Friedan urged housewives to divorce and to participate in the professional workplace.

B

Friedan was a leading advocate of preventing sexual harassment in the workplace.

C

Friedan wanted more women to run for Congress.

D

Friedan urged women to reconsider the role of housewife, and demanded greater opportunities for women to enter the workforce

E

Friedan believed that men should stay home and take care of children while women worked outside the home.

Feminist Thinkers 10

Which of the following best represents Simone de Beauvoir’s arguments in “The Second Sex”?

A

Simone de Beauvoir argues that women should find work outside the house.

B

Simone de Beauvoir argues that a woman should be able to terminate her pregnancy at any time.

C

Simone de Beauvoir argues that women have historically been defined as the “other” sex, a deviation from the “normal” male.

D

Simone de Beauvoir argues against sexual harassment in the workplace.

E

All of the above

Feminist Thinkers 11

Which of the following is NOT true of Betty Friedan’s beliefs about Sigmund Freud’s role in women’s oppression?

A

She believed that Freud convinced men and women that women were prone to depression and hysteria because of their reproductive organs.

B

She believed that all of Freud’s writings and influence should be denounced by American society.

C

She believed that Freud’s work made women reluctant to acknowledge their sexuality to themselves and others.

D

She believed that Freud’s work and theories created stereotypes of women that worked against them in the professional workforce.

E

All of the above are true.

Feminist Thinkers 12

Which of the following is NOT true of Simone de Beauvoir’s influence on Second Wave feminism?

A

She challenged widespread acceptance of patriarchal political practices.

B

She suggested that men had defined women as “other,” and thus put a shroud of mystery around them that worked against treating women as full human beings.

C

She suggested that Western philosophy was dominated by patriarchal beliefs that oppressed women.

D

She challenged existing medical practices that oppressed women.

E

All of the above are true.

Feminist Thinkers 13

Which of the following is the primary basis for Hanna Rosin’s argument in “The End of the Men”?

A

Women today make more money than men.

B

Women today make up a majority of students in higher education, and many professional, white-collar jobs today are dominated by women.

C

A majority of American women do not desire children in their future.

D

A majority of American men do not desire children in their future.

E

Women are no longer interested in long-term relationships with men.

Feminist Thinkers 14

Which of the following is true of Simone de Beauvoir?

A

Her contention that a woman’s sexuality is essential to her being was met with widespread social acceptance.

B

She argued that the fact that men defined women’s sense of self in society was a principal source of their oppression.

C

Her writings were well understood by Americans when they first came out, and she was a popular figure in U.S. politics.

D

She believed that men were inferior to women in politics and philosophy.

E

She refuted many of her feminist beliefs in her later years.

Feminist Thinkers 15

Which Second Wave feminist argued strongly for women to seek fulfillment in work and careers outside of the home?

A

Simone de Beauvoir

B

Betty Friedan

C

Audre Lorde

D

John Stuart Mill

E

Susan B. Anthony

Feminist Thinkers 16

Which Second Wave feminist was instrumental in founding the National Organization of Women?

A

Mary Wollstonecraft

B

Betty Friedan

C

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

D

Linda Hirshman

E

John Stuart Mill

Feminist Thinkers 17

Who was instrumental to the development of the Equal Rights Amendment?

A

John Stuart Mill

B

Simone de Beauvoir

C

Betty Friedan

D

Elizabeth C ady Stanton

E

Alice Paul

Feminist Thinkers 18

According to Foucault in “The History of Sexuality,” in which century did the age of state-sanctioned sexual repression begin?

A

Fifteenth century

B

Seventeenth century

C

Nineteenth century

D

Twentieth century

E

None of the above

Feminist Thinkers 19

According to Foucault in “The History of Sexuality,” beginning in the eighteenth century, which of the following strategic unities formed specific mechanisms of knowledge and power centering on sex?

A

A hysterization of women’s bodies

B

A pedagogization of children’s sex

C

A socialization of procreative behavior

D

A psychiatrization of perverse behavior

E

All of the above

Feminist Thinkers 20

According to Foucault in “The History of Sexuality,” how are the power mechanisms of sexuality characterized?

A

The power mechanisms of sexuality are socially constructed.

B

The power mechanisms of sexuality are unstable.

C

The power mechanism of sexuality are historically situated.

D

A, B, and C

E

A and B

Feminist Thinkers 21

Foucault argues that extortion of the sexual confession during the nineteenth century came to be constituted in scientific terms through which of the following?

A

A clinical codification of the inducement to speak

B

The postulate of a general and diffuse causality

C

The principle of a latency intrinsic to sexuality

D

The medicalization of the effects of confession

E

All of the above

Feminist Thinkers 22

In “Gender Trouble,” Judith Butler argues that, “There is no gender identity behind the expressions of gender; . . . identity is performatively constituted by the very ‘expressions’ that are said to be its results” (25). Which of the following best represents what Butler means?

A

Gender is a performance.

B

Gender is what you do, not who you are.

C

Gender is not socially constructed.

D

Both A and B

E

None of the above

Feminist Thinkers 23

In “The History of Sexuality,” Foucault argues that, over the past several centuries, forms of power have been exerted on sex and the body in which of the following ways?

A

Questionable sexualities, such as children’s sexuality, were forced into hiding.

B

The mechanisms of power that focused on peripheral sexualities did not aim to suppress them but rather to highlight and incorporate them.

C

Sexual surveillance became ubiquitous.

D

The family and institutions were used as a form of power.

E

All of the above

Feminist Thinkers 24

In “The History of Sexuality,” Foucault sets out the parameters of his discussion, writing that “the aim of the inquiries that will follow is to move less toward a ‘theory’ of power than toward an ‘analytics’ of power: that is, toward a definition of the specific domain formed by relations of power, and toward a determination of the instruments that will make possible its analysis” (82). This analytics can only be constituted if it frees itself from the “juridico-discursive” (82). Which of the following do NOT comprise the principal features of this power?

A

The positive relation. The connection between power and sex is always positive.

B

The insistence of the rule. This means that power places sex in a binary system, power prescribes an order for sex, and power maintains its hold on sex through language.

C

The cycle of prohibition. The objective of this prohibition is that sex renounce itself through the threat of a punishment that is the suppression of sex.

D

The logic of censorship. This takes three forms: affirming that such a thing is not permitted, preventing it from being said, and denying that it works.

E

The uniformity of the apparatus of power exerted on sex and the body.

Feminist Thinkers 25

Judith Butler argues which of the following?

A

Sexual characteristics are the biological determinants of gender identity and behavior.

B

Heterosexuality and homosexuality are essential, opposing identities.

C

Gender and biological sex are too complicated to study using social science methods.

D

Gender is performed through both bodily gestures and styles to create sexual identity.

E

All of the above

Feminist Thinkers 26

Which of the following is NOT true of Michel Foucault’s beliefs and their importance to Third Wave feminism?

A

His belief about the suppression of human sexuality was important to some Third Wave feminists.

B

His belief about oppressive power structures built into the state was important to Third Wave feminists.

C

His belief that marriage should be abolished by the state was important to Third Wave feminists.

D

His books “The History of Sexuality” and “Discipline and Punish” were examined and analyzed by Third Wave feminists.

E

All of the above are true.

Feminist Thinkers 27

Which of the following is one of Angela Davis’s main arguments in her lecture, “How Does Change Happen?”

A

Only political elites are capable of making important changes in society.

B

Ordinary citizens and community organizers are capable of making important changes in society.

C

Only feminists and people who support feminist causes are capable of making important changes in society.

D

Only people with political and economic power are capable of making important changes in society.

E

None of the above

Feminist Thinkers 28

Who argued that feminists focused too much on issues relevant to middle-class white women relative to the concerns of working-class minority women?

A

Simone de Beauvoir

B

Betty Friedan

C

Audre Lorde

D

John Stuart Mill

E

Susan B. Anthony

Feminist Thinkers 29

Who argued that gender is not biological but rather a performance of the masculine and feminine?

A

Simone de Beauvoir

B

Betty Friedan

C

Audre Lorde

D

John Stuart Mill

E

Judith Butler

Feminist Thinkers 30

Who argued that it was a mistake for feminists to identify women as a group with common characteristics and interests?

A

Simone de Beauvoir

B

Judith Butler

C

Audre Lorde

D

John Stuart Mill

E

Susan B. Anthony

Feminist Thinkers 31

Who argued that state power operates through sexuality and the body?

A

Simone de Beauvoir

B

Betty Friedan

C

Audre Lorde

D

John Stuart Mill

E

Michel Foucault

Feminist Thinkers 32

Who is known for providing important work for queer theory?

A

Betty Friedan

B

Judith Butler

C

Linda Hirschman

D

Angela Davis

E

None of the above

Feminist Thinkers 33

Who is most associated with contesting racial biases in feminist thought?

A

Betty Friedan

B

Simone de Beauvoir

C

Audre Lorde

D

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

E

Judith Butler

CC BY 3.0 - Saylor - Amy Gangl and Angela Bowie

Content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License .

Saylor Academy and Saylor.org® are trade names of the Constitution Foundation, a 501(c)(3) organization through which our educational activities are conducted.

Course Designer: Amy Gangl and Angela Bowie