Events and Institutions in International Relations
Events and Institutions in International Relations

Events and Institutions in International Relations

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

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This question pack looks at some major international institutions and their roles in relatively recent historical events.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Events and Institutions in IR 1

According to Ambassador Jack Pritchard, at the beginning of the 21st century, which Asian country is the most important to the United States?

A

China

B

Japan

C

South Korea (ROK)

D

Taiwan

Events and Institutions in IR 2

Contrary to the perception that the Middle East is made up of Arab states, which one of the following is NOT one of the “movers and shakers” in today’s Middle East?

A

Iran

B

Turkey

C

Saudi Arabia

D

Israel

Events and Institutions in IR 3

In April 2010, President Barack Obama travelled to Prague to sign what historic document?

A

President Obama signed a document to accept NATO membership for the Czech Republic.

B

President Obama established a new international financial institution to combat the global recession.

C

President Obama signed the New START Treaty with Russia.

D

President Obama signed a resolution in support of giving Germany a seat on the U.N. Security Council.

Events and Institutions in IR 4

The New START treaty signed in 2010 focuses on what important security issue?

A

Money laundering by terrorist organizations

B

Reduction of U.S. and Russian nuclear weapons stockpiles

C

The establishment of an avian flu monitoring system

D

Illegal trade of narcotics and small arms

Events and Institutions in IR 5

The Six-Party talks are centered on what issue in Asia?

A

Avian flu

B

Creation of an Asian monetary fund

C

North Korea’s nuclear weapons program

D

U.S. military basing rights

Events and Institutions in IR 6

What is the primary difference between the Limited Test Ban Treaty and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty?

A

The Limited Test Ban Treaty has only been signed by the U.S. and the Soviet Union, whereas the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty is open to all countries for signature.

B

The Limited Test Ban Treaty expired in 2010, and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty is meant to replace it.

C

The Limited Test Ban Treaty only covers certain types of biological and chemical weapons testing, whereas the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty also covers nuclear weapons testing.

D

The Limited Test Ban Treaty only prohibits certain types of nuclear weapons testing (such as those conducted underwater or in the atmosphere), while the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty prohibits all types of nuclear weapons testing.

Events and Institutions in IR 7

Which country is the first and only country to ever withdraw from the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT)?

A

North Korea

B

Iran

C

India

D

Israel

Events and Institutions in IR 8

Which of the following treaties or conventions has the U.S. NOT fully ratified and is therefore not bound by?

A

Chemical Weapons C onvention

B

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

C

Biological Weapons Convention

D

Limited Test Ban Treaty

Events and Institutions in IR 9

Which organization is responsible for verification of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT)?

A

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

B

U.N. Security C ouncil

C

U.S. National Nuclear Security Agency

D

U.N. General Assembly

Events and Institutions in IR 10

During the 2010 High-level Segment of the UN Economic and Social Council, what was the theme?

A

Global public health

B

Sustainable development

C

Gender Equality and women empowerment

D

Poverty eradication

Events and Institutions in IR 11

In the wake of the 1997 Asian financial crisis, countries in Asia joined together and created the Chiang Mai Initiative, which provides short-term liquidity for states that may be undergoing exchange rate or other currency pressures. Which institution would provide a similar function?

A

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

B

World Trade Organization

C

World Bank

D

U.N. Development Program

Events and Institutions in IR 12

The 1950s and 1960s witnessed massive de-colonization throughout the world. Some former colonies were deemed in need of “transitional” governance as they gained independence. What role did the U.N. play in this?

A

The U.N. had a Trusteeship System that oversaw the transition of these nascent countries to full-fledged independence.

B

The U.N. protested the system of transitional governance and worked to eliminate it completely.

C

The U.N. played no role in this effort.

D

The U.N. granted these countries immediate entry into the General Assembly.

Events and Institutions in IR 13

The Rome Statute (1998) created what important international body?

A

World Trade Organization

B

International Criminal Court

C

International Court of Justice

D

Asian Development Bank

Events and Institutions in IR 14

What is the structure of the U.N. Security Council?

A

Five permanent members: Russia, U.S., C hina, France, and Britain

B

Seven permanent members with ten elected members

C

Five permanent members with ten elected members

D

Seven permanent members: Russia, U.S., C hina, France, Britain, Germany, and Japan

Events and Institutions in IR 15

Which international court is part of the U.N. system, where only states (not individuals) may appear before it?

A

International Court of Justice

B

North American Supreme C ourt

C

International C riminal C ourt

D

Hall of Justice

Events and Institutions in IR 16

Which of the following is false in regards to U.N. Security Council sanctions?

A

They are legally binding.

B

They must pass unanimously in the 15-member Security Council.

C

They must pass without a veto from the permanent five members of the Security Council.

D

They are mandatory; for example, all states in the U.N. must observe them.

Events and Institutions in IR 17

Which of the following is NOT a commonly cited reason in making the case for U.N. reform?

A

The Security Council membership is frozen in post-World War II time and does not reflect new and important global powers, such as Germany, Japan, and India.

B

The U.N. has lost much credibility, since the U.S. war against Iraq; lack of U.N. approval did not stop the U.S. from invading Iraq.

C

The U.N. headquarters in New York City makes the U.N. too closely aligned to U.S. interests.

D

Developing countries are not fairly represented on the Security Council in proportion to the world’s population that they represent.

Events and Institutions in IR 18

Which of the following is NOT part of the Economic and Social Council?

A

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

B

World Trade Organization (WTO)

C

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

D

World health Organization

Events and Institutions in IR 19

Which two international institutions are considered to be part of the Breton Woods system?

A

The United Nations and the World Trade Organization (WTO)

B

The G-7 and G-20

C

The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the World Bank

D

The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Events and Institutions in IR 20

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was replaced by what organization in 1994-1995?

A

Organization for Economic C ooperation and Development

B

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

C

European Coal and Steel C ommunity

D

World Trade Organization (WTO)

Events and Institutions in IR 21

What is the governing body of the World Trade Organization (WTO) called?

A

Security Council

B

Board of Directors

C

Governing Board

D

None of the above; there is no governing body of the World Trade Organization.

Events and Institutions in IR 22

What is the primary lesson learned from the Smoot-Hawley Act of 1930?

A

Freely floating exchange rates between major currencies is desirable over fixed rates.

B

Protectionist tariffs, when moderate and well-designed, can help protect domestic industries from subsidized foreign competition.

C

Excessive protectionism during an economic crisis only serves to make the crisis worse by reducing trust and cooperation between states, which leads to an overall decline in international trade.

D

Labor laws are unnecessary to protect the rights of workers and unions.

Events and Institutions in IR 23

In 1957, the Treaty of Rome created what important organization in the history of Europe?

A

European Coal and Steel Community

B

European Monetary Union

C

European Commission

D

European Economic Community

Events and Institutions in IR 24

The term “euro zone” is often used to describe what?

A

European Economic Community

B

Countries that have adopted the Euro currency

C

European Union

D

Continental Europe

Events and Institutions in IR 25

What is the difference between the European Council and the Council of the European Union?

A

The European Council has no law making authority; the Council of the European Union does have law making authority.

B

The Council of the European Union has no law making authority; the European Council does have law making authority.

C

The Council of the European Union is made up of the heads of state of the EU countries; the European Council is not.

D

The Council of the European Union is elected; the European Council is not.

Events and Institutions in IR 26

What was the ultimate purpose of setting up the original European Coal and Steel Community?

A

To generate industrialization and economic recovery of Europe after World War II

B

To create a market for U.S. manufactured goods

C

To create peace in Europe through economic and political integration

D

To generate raw materials for the U.S. economy

Events and Institutions in IR 27

Which EU institution is responsible for day-to-day administration?

A

The Council of the European Union

B

The European Parliament

C

The European Commission

D

None of the above

Events and Institutions in IR 28

Why is it important to distinguish the “euro zone” from the overall European Union?

A

The “euro zone” refers to specific issues, such as human rights, and it is not the same as the European Union.

B

The “euro zone” refers to the original six members of the European Coal and Steel Community, the predecessor to the European Union.

C

The European Central Bank, which governs the Euro, is not an institution of the European Union.

D

Not every European Union country participates in the Euro currency.

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