Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform
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A question pack on campaigns and elections from Saylor Academy.
This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
A “mandate” election is usually the result of:
A general consensus among voters on important policy issues
A sweeping electoral victory by the candidate
A and B
Unusually high voter turnout
The landslide victory of Andrew Jackson in the 1832 presidential election was due in large part to:
The collapse of the Republican Party
Expanded voting rights for white men
His opposition to the National Bank
His pro-slavery views
The last realigning election occurred in:
The “permanent campaign” theory refers to:
The lengthy presidential nominating process
Politicians governing in a way which enhances their prospects for reelection
The desire for politicians to run their own campaigns without outside help
The trend of Americans to become more engaged in politics
The 2010 midterm elections reflected which of the following voter sentiments?
Dissatisfaction with government expansion
Dissatisfaction with Republican incumbents
Broad support for President Obama’s policies
Opposition to gay marriage
What was the significance of the 1994 midterm elections?
It was a realigning election
The reelection rate for incumbents was nearly 100 percent
It produced the greatest numerical increase in membership by the Republicans in over 40 years
Democrats obtained a two-thirds majority in the Senate
Which of the following could be said about the first 100 days of the Obama presidency?
He introduced more policy measures to Congress than any president since Franklin Roosevelt.
He had difficulty in assembling and staffing his management team.
He mostly kept a low profile with the media.
He focused more on health care reform than the economy.
Which of the following is considered to be a contributing factor to party polarization in Congress?
Lack of leadership
Fundraising has taken precedence over policymaking
All of the above
Which of the following realigning presidential elections first brought the Republican Party into national prominence?
Which of the following was the top policy concern among voters in the 2010 midterm elections?
The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
Health care reform
All of the following are characteristics of realigning elections EXCEPT:
The extent of electoral involvement is high
The balance of power between the two parties changes radically
They occur every 30 years or so
They have always been preceded by large gains in the House of Representatives in previous elections
All of the following were policy recommendations put forth by the National Commission on Election Reform EXCEPT:
Elections should be held on a national holiday to make voting easier for workers
Absentee voting by military personnel and overseas citizens should be eliminated
Voting rights should be restored to ex-felons
News organizations should not project election results until all polls are closed
Among the criticisms of Internet voting is that it:
Creates problems of security, privacy, and unequal access
Is not cost effective
Suppresses voter turnout
Results in inaccurate vote counts
Instances of voter fraud in U.S. elections:
Have largely been exaggerated
Are generally the result of clerical errors
Are usually due to voter mistakes
All of the above
Proposed reforms to the Electoral College:
Seek to eliminate and replace it with direct popular election
Want to repair perceived defects while preserving the existing system
Have little chance of becoming law
All of the above
Public financing of elections:
Puts additional fundraising pressure on candidates
Increases the perception that special interests exert undue influence over candidates
Creates greater opportunities for challengers to competitively seek office, including female and minority challengers.
Increases funding disparities between candidates
Recall elections in the United States:
Have been surging in local and state governments
Are rarely used
Are difficult to achieve because of the large number of voter signatures required
Are generally viewed as bad for democracy
Statewide reforms made possible through the use of the initiative process include all of the following EXCEPT:
Legalization of medical marijuana
Term limits for elected officials
Legalization of same-sex marriage
Legalization of physician-assisted suicide
The 2010 Citizens United v. FEC court decision has:
Been declared unconstitutional
Freed corporations to spend unlimited amounts of money on campaign ads
Not had much impact on the electoral process
Made it possible for interest groups to coordinate strategy with a candidate’s campaign
Voting registration procedures have been eased in recent years by connecting registration to:
Income tax returns
Credit card applications
All of the following are true regarding initiative and referendum in the United States EXCEPT:
Their use has been on a steady decline
They are much more prevalent in the western part of the country
They were an outgrowth of Progressive era reforms
They exist in every state
The goal of Progressive era election reform was to:
End corruption in government
Prevent political party bosses from determining election outcomes
Enable citizens to cast their votes in secrecy
All of the above
Until 1913, U.S. Senators were elected by:
Which of the following statements is correct regarding the evolution of party conventions in the United States?
Public participation has decreased significantly
Rank-and-file party members have much less say in the process
Party bosses have become increasingly more influential in choosing the party’s presidential candidate
They have become more democratic and demographically representative
The 20th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution:
Empowers citizens of the District of Columbia to vote in presidential elections
Limits the president to a maximum of two terms in office
Created the presidential line of succession
Shortened the period between election and inauguration of the President and Vice President
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