Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform
Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform

Source: Saylor

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A question pack on campaigns and elections from Saylor Academy.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q1

A “mandate” election is usually the result of:

A

A general consensus among voters on important policy issues

B

A sweeping electoral victory by the candidate

C

A and B

D

Unusually high voter turnout

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q2

The landslide victory of Andrew Jackson in the 1832 presidential election was due in large part to:

A

The collapse of the Republican Party

B

Expanded voting rights for white men

C

His opposition to the National Bank

D

His pro-slavery views

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q3

The last realigning election occurred in:

A

1932

B

1964

C

2000

D

2008

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q4

The “permanent campaign” theory refers to:

A

The lengthy presidential nominating process

B

Politicians governing in a way which enhances their prospects for reelection

C

The desire for politicians to run their own campaigns without outside help

D

The trend of Americans to become more engaged in politics

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q5

The 2010 midterm elections reflected which of the following voter sentiments?

A

Dissatisfaction with government expansion

B

Dissatisfaction with Republican incumbents

C

Broad support for President Obama’s policies

D

Opposition to gay marriage

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q6

What was the significance of the 1994 midterm elections?

A

It was a realigning election

B

The reelection rate for incumbents was nearly 100 percent

C

It produced the greatest numerical increase in membership by the Republicans in over 40 years

D

Democrats obtained a two-thirds majority in the Senate

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q7

Which of the following could be said about the first 100 days of the Obama presidency?

A

He introduced more policy measures to Congress than any president since Franklin Roosevelt.

B

He had difficulty in assembling and staffing his management team.

C

He mostly kept a low profile with the media.

D

He focused more on health care reform than the economy.

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q8

Which of the following is considered to be a contributing factor to party polarization in Congress?

A

Institutional dysfunction

B

Lack of leadership

C

Fundraising has taken precedence over policymaking

D

All of the above

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q9

Which of the following realigning presidential elections first brought the Republican Party into national prominence?

A

1860

B

1896

C

1938

D

2000

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q10

Which of the following was the top policy concern among voters in the 2010 midterm elections?

A

The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan

B

The economy

C

Health care reform

D

Education

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q11

All of the following are characteristics of realigning elections EXCEPT:

A

The extent of electoral involvement is high

B

The balance of power between the two parties changes radically

C

They occur every 30 years or so

D

They have always been preceded by large gains in the House of Representatives in previous elections

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q12

All of the following were policy recommendations put forth by the National Commission on Election Reform EXCEPT:

A

Elections should be held on a national holiday to make voting easier for workers

B

Absentee voting by military personnel and overseas citizens should be eliminated

C

Voting rights should be restored to ex-felons

D

News organizations should not project election results until all polls are closed

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q13

Among the criticisms of Internet voting is that it:

A

Creates problems of security, privacy, and unequal access

B

Is not cost effective

C

Suppresses voter turnout

D

Results in inaccurate vote counts

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q14

Instances of voter fraud in U.S. elections:

A

Have largely been exaggerated

B

Are generally the result of clerical errors

C

Are usually due to voter mistakes

D

All of the above

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q15

Proposed reforms to the Electoral College:

A

Seek to eliminate and replace it with direct popular election

B

Want to repair perceived defects while preserving the existing system

C

Have little chance of becoming law

D

All of the above

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q16

Public financing of elections:

A

Puts additional fundraising pressure on candidates

B

Increases the perception that special interests exert undue influence over candidates

C

Creates greater opportunities for challengers to competitively seek office, including female and minority challengers.

D

Increases funding disparities between candidates

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q17

Recall elections in the United States:

A

Have been surging in local and state governments

B

Are rarely used

C

Are difficult to achieve because of the large number of voter signatures required

D

Are generally viewed as bad for democracy

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q18

Statewide reforms made possible through the use of the initiative process include all of the following EXCEPT:

A

Legalization of medical marijuana

B

Term limits for elected officials

C

Legalization of same-sex marriage

D

Legalization of physician-assisted suicide

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q19

The 2010 Citizens United v. FEC court decision has:

A

Been declared unconstitutional

B

Freed corporations to spend unlimited amounts of money on campaign ads

C

Not had much impact on the electoral process

D

Made it possible for interest groups to coordinate strategy with a candidate’s campaign

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q20

Voting registration procedures have been eased in recent years by connecting registration to:

A

College applications

B

Driver’s licenses

C

Income tax returns

D

Credit card applications

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q21

All of the following are true regarding initiative and referendum in the United States EXCEPT:

A

Their use has been on a steady decline

B

They are much more prevalent in the western part of the country

C

They were an outgrowth of Progressive era reforms

D

They exist in every state

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q22

The goal of Progressive era election reform was to:

A

End corruption in government

B

Prevent political party bosses from determining election outcomes

C

Enable citizens to cast their votes in secrecy

D

All of the above

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q23

Until 1913, U.S. Senators were elected by:

A

State legislatures

B

The courts

C

The president

D

Political parties

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q24

Which of the following statements is correct regarding the evolution of party conventions in the United States?

A

Public participation has decreased significantly

B

Rank-and-file party members have much less say in the process

C

Party bosses have become increasingly more influential in choosing the party’s presidential candidate

D

They have become more democratic and demographically representative

Election Outcomes and Electoral Reform Q25

The 20th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution:

A

Empowers citizens of the District of Columbia to vote in presidential elections

B

Limits the president to a maximum of two terms in office

C

Created the presidential line of succession

D

Shortened the period between election and inauguration of the President and Vice President

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