Early 20th Century U.S. Political Thought
Early 20th Century U.S. Political Thought

Early 20th Century U.S. Political Thought

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This question pack looks at the political issues arising from the 1890s through until the completion of the Second World War.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 1

Both Frederick Jackson Turner and Josiah Strong would agree on which of the following?

A

That America and its people possess an exceptional quality unlike any other nation

B

That Americans are not as strong as their European ancestors

C

That the American government lacks true sovereignty

D

That American resources have not shaped the American experience and culture

E

None of the above

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 2

According to Herbert Hoover, which of the following would be part of a society with “true liberalism?”

A

Decentralized self-government

B

Capitalism

C

Equal Opportunities

D

Individual Freedom

E

All of the above

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 3

Although the Populist Party failed to elect its candidates to the presidency, the party impacted American politics by doing which of the following?

A

Creating a socialist regime that valued government distribution of wealth

B

Implementing practices that benefitted business and hindered the progress of the labor movement

C

Insisting the federal government takes some responsibility for the well-being of citizens

D

Changing the way Americans felt about the concerns of southern and mid-western farmers

E

None of the above; most would argue that the Populist Party was insignificant in American politics

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 4

How did American involvement in WWII follow the patterns of international relations policy of the past?

A

At first, the American government tried to maintain neutrality, but they were increasing drawn into the war in Europe.

B

The American government supported European allies from the start and immediately joined in the fight along their side.

C

Americans were able to maintain isolationism throughout the European conflict.

D

Americans, like in previous wars, fought to prevent the spread of communism.

E

None of the above

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 5

How did Henry Cabot Lodge’s speech on the League of Nations reflect the advice of President Washington in his farewell address?

A

Both Lodge and Washington believed in keeping the United States free from foreign entanglements.

B

Both Lodge and Washington believed in the importance of making the world safe for democracy.

C

Both Lodge and Washington believed in supporting American European allies unconditionally.

D

Both Lodge and Washington supported the importance of fighting for one’s ideals.

E

Both Lodge and Washington supported the creation of an international peace organization, like the League of Nations.

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 6

How did Keynesian economics impact American public policy during the New Deal era?

A

It advocated a hands-off approach by the government to solve the economic crisis of the Great Depression.

B

It advocated government sponsorship of laissez-faire economic policies.

C

It supported an increase of taxes and a decrease of wages to prevent people from overconsumption.

D

It advocated an increase in government spending and programs to increase demand and employment in the public and private sectors.

E

It advocated a complete government take-over of the economy and business until fullemployment was established once again.

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 7

How did the message conveyed in Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle” exemplify the spirit of the Progressive Era?

A

It conveyed the problems of deforestation in the South American rainforest and the need for conservation.

B

It conveyed the problems of the meatpacking industry and the need for government involvement in reforming industry.

C

It conveyed life in the cities and the need for better wages.

D

It conveyed the need for people to become vegetarian and save animals.

E

It conveyed the need for industry to be owned by the central government to stop business from violating human rights.

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 8

How did the Progressive Era impact the lives of women in America?

A

Women became involved in city government and reform movements outside their traditional domestic realm.

B

The first woman was elected president, and then social and political reforms were put in place to give women more rights.

C

The fight for women’s suffrage finally came to an end with the implementation of the 19th Amendment.

D

Both A and B

E

Both A and C

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 9

The Progressive Party Platform of 1912 appeals to which American core political principle?

A

Socialism

B

Popular sovereignty

C

Freedom

D

Liberty

E

All of the above

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 10

What concept best captures the spirit of American involvement in the Western Hemisphere expressed in the Roosevelt Corollary?

A

Isolationism

B

Interventionism

C

Independence

D

Socialism

E

Neutrality

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 11

What is a general theme that can be derived from the Progressive Era and the New Deal Era?

A

An end to government involvement in daily life

B

An increase in limited government

C

An increase in the role of government in social and economic life

D

The benefits of the industrial era and big business in American society

E

An end to American isolationism

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 12

What is one conclusion that can be reached after reading the Sherman Anti-Trust Act resource?

A

The government commitment to laissez-faire capitalism had lessened.

B

The government commitment to laissez-faire capitalism had strengthened.

C

The government commitment to laissez-faire capitalism continued.

D

The government no longer supported labor.

E

The government solely supported the continued economic success of big business.

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 13

Which conclusion can be drawn about the impact of the Populist and the Progressive parties on the United States?

A

Both parties influenced the national government to take a more active role in the social well-being of American citizens.

B

The United States has steadily moved from a two-party system to a multiparty system.

C

Religious ideals have most often motivated people to splinter away from major parties.

D

An increasing number of citizens have grown weary of party politics and fail to vote in elections.

E

Third parties, like the Populist and Progressive parties, have had no impact on American politics or American political thought.

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 14

Which of the following is a main reason that Wilson argues for American entrance into WWI?

A

To retaliate for the German attack on Pearl Harbor

B

To avenge the death of all our Europeans allies whose lives had already been lost in the war

C

To end war and create a world that is safe for democracy

D

To serve American’s selfish economic interests around the world

E

All of the above

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 15

According to Lincoln Steffens’ “The Shame of the Cities,” which of the following is true of city government in the early 1900s?

A

It was democratic and provided well for all individuals regardless of race, class, or party affiliation.

B

It was corrupt and run by big business, political machines, and party bosses.

C

It was most like the government found in colonial New England.

D

It was constantly being influenced by the federal government.

E

It dealt extremely well with problems of poverty, immigration, and health.

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 16

How are Truman’s Executive Order 9981, Brown v. Board of Education, and Eisenhower’s Executive Order 10730, all related?

A

Each demonstrates the government’s commitment to states’ rights in determining race relations.

B

Each action demonstrates federal actions towards ending segregation.

C

Each action demonstrates the federal government’s limited ability to change race relations in the country.

D

Each action demonstrates the use of the military to end segregation.

E

They are not obviously related in any way.

Early 20th Century US Political Thought 17

Which of the following describes a similarity between the Red Scare in the 1920s and McCarthyism in the 1950s?

A

During each time period, Americans were expelled from the United States for their political beliefs.

B

During each time period, the Communist Party gained many members in the United States.

C

During each time period, government employees were investigated and convicted for sharing secrets with the Soviet Union.

D

During each time period, the fear of communism threatened civil liberties of American citizens.

E

During each time period, pro-immigration sentiments greatly increased.

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