Congress Organization and Dynamics
Congress Organization and Dynamics

Congress Organization and Dynamics

Source: Saylor

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A question pack on Congressional Politics from Saylor Academy.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q1

What are the main responsibilities of congressional standing committees?

A

Working out legislative differences between what the president and their constituents would prefer

B

Appointing and voting on judicial nominees

C

Passing budget resolutions and providing constituency service

D

Writing legislation and providing legislative oversight of government agencies

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q2

What is the most important factor in determining a member of Congress's vote?

A

Party affiliation

B

Level of education

C

Political philosophy

D

Committee assignments

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q3

What percentage of bills introduced in Congress actually become law?

A

Five percent

B

Thirty percent

C

Seventy percent

D

Ten percent

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q4

When does most of the lobbying by special interest groups occur?

A

When a bill is introduced

B

When a bill passes the House

C

When a bill passes the Senate

D

When a bill is in committee

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q5

Which congressional officer is in charge of getting members to the floor for important votes?

A

Majority Leader

B

Whip

C

President Pro Tempore

D

Speaker of the House

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q6

Which of the following best describes what happens to most bills introduced in Congress?

A

They usually die by inaction at the committee stage.

B

They usually pass one chamber but not the other.

C

They usually are voted down on the floor of the House or Senate.

D

They usually are bottled up in the House Rules Committee.

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q7

Why do members of the majority in Congress have an important advantage?

A

Because they are all incumbents

B

Because they hold all the leadership positions, including committee chairs

C

Because they receive higher salaries than minority-party members

D

Because they have the exclusive right to introduce legislation

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q8

Why is it so difficult for Congress to pass laws?

A

Bills can be defeated at many points in the process.

B

Passing a bill is costly.

C

The sheer size of the institution causes many bills to get lost.

D

Bills have to be approved by party leaders.

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q9

“Pork barreling” refers to which of the following?

A

Congressional assistance to agricultural interests

B

Grants to private lobbying firms and companies

C

Public works projects and grants to specific districts paid for by general revenues

D

Legislation that bestows special benefits on members of Congress

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q10

In Congress, most legislative work is done in ______________.

A

Full sessions of Congress

B

The legislator’s home district

C

Conference with the president

D

Committees

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q11

According to the “State of the Media 2011” report, most people get their news from which source?

A

Newspapers

B

The Internet

C

Cable television

D

Local television

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q12

All of the following have been the historical trend regarding midterm elections EXCEPT:

A

The president’s party usually loses seats in Congress.

B

The president’s party usually gains seats in Congress.

C

They generally reflect voter discontent with the president.

D

Voter turnout is significantly lower than presidential elections.

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q13

According to the video “Congress and the Media,” the media’s coverage of Congress can generally be described as ______________.

A

Misinformed

B

Inadequate

C

Cynical

D

Trustworthy

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q14

Executive ______________ is the presidential power to keep communications with his staff confidential.

A

Immunity

B

Privacy

C

Privilege

D

Referral

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q15

Federal judicial nominees must appear before the ______________ to answer inquiries.

A

House Judiciary Committee

B

Senate Judiciary Committee

C

Senate Ethics Committee

D

House Rules Committee

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q16

The congressional staffer in charge of maintaining a positive public image for a member with the news media is a ______________.

A

Media consultant

B

Policy analyst

C

Press secretary

D

Chief of staff

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q17

The ______________ has the power to confirm presidential nominations.

A

House

B

Senate

C

House and Senate

D

Supreme Court

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q18

If both the president and vice president are unable to fulfill their duties of office, who is the next in line of succession?

A

Senate President Pro Tempore

B

Secretary of State

C

Speaker of the House

D

White House Chief of Staff

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q19

Most studies on bias in the media have found which of the following?

A

Results are inconclusive.

B

Bias in the media is overwhelmingly conservative.

C

Bias in the media is overwhelmingly liberal.

D

Bias does not exist.

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q20

Presidents have tried to bypass Congress’s judicial confirmation power by doing which of the following?

A

Installing “temporary” judges without congressional approval

B

Not nominating a candidate when the Senate is controlled by the opposing party

C

Issuing an executive order to appoint the nominee without congressional approval

D

Not utilizing senatorial courtesy

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q21

The House of Representatives has the power to impeach which of the following?

A

The president

B

Federal judges

C

Cabinet officials

D

All of the above

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q22

What is the authority of Congress to investigate the executive branch and its agencies called?

A

Bicameralism

B

Oversight

C

Legislative review

D

None of the above

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q23

What was one of the major findings of the 1947 Hutchins Commission report?

A

The press needed to improve itself in the name of morality, democracy, and self-preservation.

B

The increasingly concentrated media ownership system had a negative impact on the quality of the news and information Americans received.

C

Public broadcasting had been hindered throughout its existence by political pressures and funding shortages.

D

As the key government agency that oversaw the broadcasting industry, the Federal Communications Commission was poorly managed and in need of significant reform.

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q24

What was the rationale of the Constitution’s framers for giving Congress the power to declare war?

A

To ensure that the president would not conspire with foreign nations

B

Because Congress would, collectively, have more military experience than the president

C

To delay a decision to go to war

D

All of the above

Congress Organization and Dynamics Q25

What was the “Republican Revolution” of 1994?

A

The year the Republicans gained control of both houses of Congress since 1952

B

The year that all Democratic incumbents in Congress were defeated

C

The year that Republican congressional candidates outspent Democratic candidates for the first time in history

D

All of the above

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