Congress and Policy Making
Congress and Policy Making

Congress and Policy Making

Source: Saylor

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A question pack on Congressional Politics from Saylor Academy.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Congress and Policy-Making Q1

When the president refuses to provide confidential executive branch information to Congress, what is usually the result?

A

The courts have to resolve the issue.

B

Congress is able to persuade the president to provide the information.

C

The president and Congress will seek a compromise.

D

Congress will pass legislation to expand their executive branch oversight authority.

Congress and Policy-Making Q2

Which of the following is correct about the use of negative campaign advertisements?

A

Challengers are more likely to use them than incumbents.

B

Studies have shown that they have very little impact on voters' attitudes and decisions.

C

Voters overwhelmingly dislike them.

D

All of the above

Congress and Policy-Making Q3

Which of the following is NOT considered a congressional check on the judiciary?

A

The power to pardon criminals

B

The power to set up the lower federal courts

C

The power to accept or reject presidential nominations to the federal courts

D

The ability to amend the Constitution

Congress and Policy-Making Q4

Which president issued the highest number of presidential vetoes?

A

George Washington

B

Abraham Lincoln

C

Franklin Roosevelt

D

Ronald Reagan

Congress and Policy-Making Q5

Who are the only two presidents to ever have been impeached?

A

Richard Nixon and Andrew Johnson

B

Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton

C

Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton

D

Lyndon Johnson and Andrew Johnson

Congress and Policy-Making Q6

All of the following are examples of “discretionary” federal spending programs EXCEPT:

A

Health research.

B

Education.

C

Social Security.

D

Housing.

Congress and Policy-Making Q7

All of the following criticisms have been leveled at Congress EXCEPT:

A

It is too partisan.

B

The primary concern of most members is getting reelected.

C

It introduces too many bills.

D

It does not police the ethical behavior of its members.

Congress and Policy-Making Q8

Congress can make foreign policy in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

A

Informal advice to the president.

B

Denial of funds for military/foreign operations.

C

Legislation.

D

Executive agreements.

Congress and Policy-Making Q9

After receiving the president’s budget request, Congress will hold hearings through the ______________.

A

House Appropriations Committee

B

House and Senate Budget Committees

C

House and Senate Ways and Means Committees

D

Senate Appropriations Committee

Congress and Policy-Making Q10

Most budget analysts agree that the main cause of the national debt has been ______________.

A

Tax cuts for the wealthy

B

Entitlement spending

C

Defense spending

D

9/11

Congress and Policy-Making Q11

The ______________ is a federal agency within the legislative branch that provides economic data to Congress.

A

Independent Fiscal Office

B

Office of Management and Budget

C

Congressional Budget Office

D

Congressional Research Service

Congress and Policy-Making Q12

The ______________ was passed by Congress in 2002 to provide law enforcement with expanded powers to prevent terrorist attacks.

A

9/11 Defense Act

B

USA Patriot Act

C

Homeland Security Resolution

D

Terrorism Prevention Act

Congress and Policy-Making Q13

In 2008, Congress passed the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) in order to do which of the following?

A

Address the nation’s growing unemployment rate

B

Respond to rapidly deteriorating financial market conditions

C

Reduce the increasing number of the country’s home foreclosures

D

Provide emergency loans to the nearly bankrupt auto industry

Congress and Policy-Making Q14

Scandals can affect congressional elections by doing which of the following?

A

Increasing the likelihood that the incumbent will win reelection

B

Increasing the likelihood that people will vote

C

Decreasing the likelihood that people will vote

D

None of the above

Congress and Policy-Making Q15

The scope of Congress’s power over the federal government’s funds includes which of the following?

A

Expenditures

B

Debt

C

Taxes

D

All of the above

Congress and Policy-Making Q16

The “revolving door” refers to which of the following?

A

Members of Congress using their positions to negotiate lucrative private sector jobs and then lobbying former colleagues

B

When a lobbyist pulls together campaign contributions from individuals and then gets the credit from the candidate for delivering the bundle of money

C

When members of Congress retire to collect a lump sum pension then decide to run for re-election

D

When special interest groups are given full privilege access to members of Congress

Congress and Policy-Making Q17

What is the largest expenditure in the federal budget?

A

Interest on the national debt

B

Education

C

Defense

D

Entitlement programs

Congress and Policy-Making Q18

When did the “hands off” approach of the media regarding reports on politicians’ private lives end?

A

When news coverage became televised in the 1950s

B

When President Clinton was impeached for lying about his affair with an intern

C

When Ronald Reagan refused to grant interviews to media outlets that openly criticized him

D

When the Watergate scandal caused the press to focus more on “watchdog” journalism

Congress and Policy-Making Q19

Which of the following best describes Congress’s role in major health care reform efforts?

A

Ideological differences combined with the decentralization of congressional power have made major overhauls of the health care system difficult to achieve.

B

The House and the Senate usually have different proposals which cannot be reconciled.

C

The constituencies of most members of Congress do not want health care reform.

D

Many members do not understand the complexities of the issue.

Congress and Policy-Making Q20

Which of the following is an institutional reform enacted by the 112th Congress?

A

Limiting the number of bills a member can introduce

B

Increasing the transparency and reducing the amount spent on earmarks

C

Forbidding members from attending campaign fundraisers on legislative session days

D

Eliminating earmarks in spending bills.

Congress and Policy-Making Q21

Which of the following is true regarding congressional incumbents involved in a scandal?

A

More than 50 percent were re-elected.

B

They were all defeated in their primary elections.

C

Over 60 percent were defeated in the general election.

D

With a few exceptions, all of them retired from office.

Congress and Policy-Making Q22

Which of the following statements about the War Powers Resolution is true?

A

It has largely been ignored by presidents.

B

It was enacted under President Truman.

C

It has been declared unconstitutional.

D

It gives Congress the power to declare war.

Congress and Policy-Making Q23

Whose support proved critical for passage of the American Recovery and Investment Act by Congress in 2009?

A

Senate Democrats

B

Senate Republicans

C

House Republicans

D

House Democrats

Congress and Policy-Making Q24

Why is it often difficult for presidents to consult with Congress on foreign affairs?

A

Because Congress is often uninformed about foreign policy

B

Because Congress tends to be heavily influenced by special interests

C

Because Congress can leak sensitive information

D

All of the above

Congress and Policy-Making Q25

Who develops the president’s annual budget request?

A

White House staff

B

Office of Personnel Management

C

Office of Management and Budget

D

Senate Appropriations Committee

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