Communism and Fascism
Communism and Fascism

Communism and Fascism

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This question pack looks at the ideology and features of the two political movements that dominated the first half of the 20th Century.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Communism and Fascism 1

Marx attributed the growth of large-scale capitalism to:

A

Exploitation of wage-earners

B

Control of wealth by a select few

C

Industrialization

D

All of the above

Communism and Fascism 2

Marx blamed most of the evils in the world on:

A

The government

B

The proletariat

C

The bourgeoisie

D

The Church

Communism and Fascism 3

Marx claimed that history was defined by:

A

Class struggles

B

Military victories in war

C

Colonial acquisitions

D

Industrialization

Communism and Fascism 4

The fundamental goal of communism, per Marx, is:

A

A return to agrarian life

B

Abolition of private property

C

Separation of Church and State

D

Exploitation of capital

Communism and Fascism 5

With respect to international commerce, Marx recommended:

A

The abolition of nations

B

Tariffs

C

Protectionist policies to promote domestic production and job security

D

All of the above

Communism and Fascism 6

According to Lenin, imperialism includes all of the following EXCEPT:

A

Consolidation of banking and industrial capital

B

Division of foreign territory and resources by capitalist powers

C

Export of commodities becomes more important than the export of capital

D

Monopolies of most vital segments of commerce

Communism and Fascism 7

According to Lenin, what force “leads the struggle of the working class not only for better terms for the sale of labour power, but also for the abolition of the social system which compels the propertyless to sell themselves to the rich?”

A

Revolution

B

Trade unions

C

Capitalism

D

Social Democracy

Communism and Fascism 8

Lenin found that one of the biggest obstacles to implementing socialism was:

A

Seizing control of factories

B

The use of gold as the international standard for currency

C

Overthrowing the czar

D

Keeping markets functioning and growing without competition or the incentive that profit provides

Communism and Fascism 9

Lenin theorized that the first step towards communism was:

A

The emergence of strong trade unions

B

Weakening the power of the media

C

Gaining control of the military

D

Educating the youth

Communism and Fascism 10

Once the bourgeoisie was overthrown, Mao argued that it was necessary to conduct:

A

Cultural revolution

B

Territorial expansion

C

Elections

D

A People’s War

Communism and Fascism 11

One of the major goals of socialism is:

A

Communism

B

Utopia

C

Democracy

D

Oligarchy

Communism and Fascism 12

One of the major obstacles facing Russia in the post-Cold War international stage include all of the following except:

A

It has no distinct political ideology

B

Their military budget has significantly decreased over the past twenty years

C

It’s self-perception as a country that refuses to be treated as a defeated nation and a second-rate power

D

Oscillation between passive isolationism and geopolitical expansionism

Communism and Fascism 13

The reasons for the differences in the implementation of communism in China and the USSR include all of the following, EXCEPT:

A

Size of population

B

Religious influences among the people

C

Style of economy (agrarian economy versus industrial economy)

D

All of the above

Communism and Fascism 14

Which of the following is a characteristic of China’s current economic model?

A

Collective ownership of the means of production

B

Capitalistic, yet still controlled by the Communist government

C

All land is privately owned

D

Its tax structure is the highest of all the world’s Communist regimes

Communism and Fascism 15

Who argued that neither socialism nor democracy was possible in a country until the material conditions and daily living standards of the people were improved?

A

Vladimir Lenin

B

Josef Stalin

C

Karl Marx

D

Mao Tse Tung

Communism and Fascism 16

Who believed that socialism would not arise or become successful without the guidance of a “Vanguard Party” of elites to lead a revolt and guide the movement?

A

Mikhail Gorbachev

B

Vladimir Lenin

C

Mao Tse Tung

D

Josef Stalin

Communism and Fascism 17

A centrally-planned economy in which the government controls all means of production is called:

A

Utopia

B

Oligarchy

C

Socialism

D

Centralism

Communism and Fascism 18

A fascist running for political office in the US today would likely:

A

Criticize religious leaders seeking to impose moral values on the masses

B

Campaign to further restrict immigration to the US

C

Support a reduction in the budget of the military

D

None of the above

Communism and Fascism 19

Fascism is typically characterized by all of the following, EXCEPT:

A

Nationalism

B

Weak police forces

C

Sexism

D

Militarism

Communism and Fascism 20

Fascist leaders include:

A

Josef Stalin

B

Vladimir Lenin

C

Francisco Franco

D

All of the above

Communism and Fascism 21

Fascist parties generally come to power due to all the following factors except:

A

When a country has no previous experience with democracy

B

When a country economically prosperous

C

When there is wide income disparity between the rich and the poor

D

When a country’s citizens have a strong national identify

Communism and Fascism 22

Fascists view communism as:

A

A good source of ideas for controlling the economy

B

A good source of ideas for controlling masses of people

C

The ultimate goal of the political system

D

A political rival for the allegiance of the people

Communism and Fascism 23

Hitler’s “Final Solution” for a better world involved:

A

Overthrow of communism in the USSR

B

Genocide against Jews

C

Establishment of a successor to the League of Nations

D

All of the above

Communism and Fascism 24

The powers of Authoritarian leaders can most effectively be weakened by:

A

Staged elections

B

Trade embargoes

C

International sanctions

D

A credible threat of insurrection

Communism and Fascism 25

Which of the following best describes Hitler’s leadership style?

A

Strong and decisive

B

Weak and ineffectual

C

He delegated most of his authority other

D

He sought to exercise total control

Communism and Fascism 26

Which of the following characteristics distinguishes Nazism from generic fascism?

A

Nationalism and super-patriotism

B

Obsession with racial theories of superiority

C

Aggressive militarism

D

Charismatic leaders

Communism and Fascism 27

Which of the following contributed to the rise of the Nazi regime in Germany?

A

The Geneva Convention

B

The Yalta Conference

C

The Treaty of Versailles

D

The Hague Convention

Communism and Fascism 28

Which of the following would one not expect to see in a fascist state?

A

The use of enemies as a unifying cause for the people

B

Invocation of religion by leaders

C

Strong labor unions

D

Promotion of capitalism

Communism and Fascism 29

Fascism has been the controlling ideology of each of the following countries at some point in history, EXCEPT:

A

Germany

B

India

C

Italy

D

Indonesia

Communism and Fascism 30

A fascist running for political office in the US today would likely:

A

Criticize religious leaders seeking to impose moral values on the masses

B

Campaign to further restrict immigration to the US

C

Support a reduction in the budget of the military

D

None of the above

Communism and Fascism 31

Fascism is typically characterized by all of the following, EXCEPT:

A

Nationalism

B

Weak police forces

C

Sexism

D

Militarism

Communism and Fascism 32

Fascist leaders include:

A

Josef Stalin

B

Vladimir Lenin

C

Francisco Franco

D

All of the above

Communism and Fascism 33

Fascist parties generally come to power due to all the following factors except:

A

When a country has no previous experience with democracy

B

When a country economically prosperous

C

When there is wide income disparity between the rich and the poor

D

When a country’s citizens have a strong national identify

Communism and Fascism 34

Fascists view communism as:

A

A good source of ideas for controlling the economy

B

A good source of ideas for controlling masses of people

C

The ultimate goal of the political system

D

A political rival for the allegiance of the people

Communism and Fascism 35

Hitler’s “Final Solution” for a better world involved:

A

Overthrow of communism in the USSR

B

Genocide against Jews

C

Establishment of a successor to the League of Nations

D

All of the above

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