Classical Political Theory
Classical Political Theory

Classical Political Theory

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This question pack examines the rudimentary roots of political theory, examining classical liberalism, conservatism and other fundamental political concepts.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Classical Political Theory 1

A Classical Liberal believes that:

A

Government exists only to serve the greatest good to the highest number of people.

B

Citizens are only entitled to rights given to them by the Government.

C

The Government is only entitled to powers given to it by the People.

D

All of the above.

Classical Political Theory 2

Classical liberals believed that the primary purpose of government was to:

A

Protect private property

B

Promote social welfare

C

Protect the nation’s borders

D

Redistribute wealth to the less fortunate

Classical Political Theory 3

The major difference between classical liberalism and today’s neoliberalism is:

A

Neoliberals are isolationists, whereas classical liberals sought broad foreign alliances.

B

Classical liberals believed in unregulated markets, whereas neoliberals seek to regulate commerce to improve efficiency and fairness.

C

Classical liberals believed that government should promote collective farms and community action to help one another, whereas neoliberals see this as a form of communism.

D

All of the above.

Classical Political Theory 4

The system of government in which power is vested in a few people who are not elected by the people is called a(n):

A

Monarchy

B

Democracy

C

Aristocracy

D

Dictatorship

Classical Political Theory 5

The US Declaration of Independence would be considered the product of which of the following political philosophies?

A

Classical Conservatism

B

Classical Liberalism

C

Utilitarianism

D

Anarchism

Classical Political Theory 6

The Classical Conservative movement opposed:

A

Revolutions in France and America

B

Monarchies

C

The use of law to impose morals on citizens

D

Social Welfare programs by the government

Classical Political Theory 7

Which of the following elements of American government is rooted in classical conservatism?

A

The US House of Representatives

B

The principle of stare decisis, in which courts are bound by prior judicial decisions

C

Electing presidents every four years

D

Term limits on the presidency

Classical Political Theory 8

All of the following are arguments against the use of civil disobedience except:

A

Civil disobedience cannot be justified in a democracy

B

We must obey the law under a contract with other members of our society

C

It can be a recipe for anarchy

D

It is not protected by the Constitution

Classical Political Theory 9

Modern criminal law and sentencing statutes in the English tradition are primarily based upon which political philosophy?

A

Classical C onservatism

B

Classical Liberalism

C

Utilitarianism

D

Authoritarianism

Classical Political Theory 10

Utilitarianism differs from many other political ideologies in that it advocates:

A

The use of rules (deontology) to determine appropriate actions

B

The use of predicted impact and outcomes to determine appropriate actions

C

The use of the Bible and other religious texts to determine appropriate actions

D

The use of public opinion and majority rules to determine appropriate actions

Classical Political Theory 11

Which of the following is/are (a) common criticism(s) of utilitarianism?

A

There are no limits as to acts that can be taken to benefit the majority.

B

Some people will inevitably be harmed in order to promote the greater good for the highest number of people.

C

Outcomes are hard to predict with accuracy, so deciding which actions to take based on projected outcomes can be difficult and risky.

D

All of the above

Classical Political Theory 12

Which tax would a utilitarian support?

A

Highway use tax

B

Poll tax

C

Property tax

D

None of the above

Classical Political Theory 13

“The property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness, to prevent the happening of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness” is called:

A

State of nature

B

Equilibrium

C

Goodness

D

Utility

Classical Political Theory 14

If asked whether or not suicide should be legal, how would a utilitarian respond?

A

Yes, all acts of suicide should be legal purely as a matter of individual liberty.

B

Yes, some acts of suicide could be legal, if the suicide causes no direct or indirect harm to others.

C

No, acts of suicide should not be legal because suicide does not cause pleasure.

D

No, acts of suicide should not be legal because suicide is difficult to quantify on a cost/benefit analysis.

Classical Political Theory 15

All of the following were outgrowths of the Industrial Revolution except:

A

It boosted the bourgeoisie to economic and political power

B

It drafted much of the old peasant class into its factories

C

It created the various movements for democratic government which swept across Europe

D

Working class women began to agitate for equal rights

Classical Political Theory 16

Anarchism is frequently criticized for being:

A

Utopian

B

Unworkable in a complex, modern society

C

Impossible to achieve

D

All of the above

Classical Political Theory 17

Anarchists believe that:

A

Socialism is the preferred form of government

B

True liberty is only possible in the absence of government

C

Violence brings order to society

D

All of the above

Classical Political Theory 17

The first country in which communism was adopted by the ruling government was:

A

Germany

B

China

C

Poland

D

Russia

Classical Political Theory 18

The process by which capital is converted into goods is called:

A

Sales

B

Transactions

C

Production

D

Transfer

Classical Political Theory 19

Communist revolutions have triumphed only in:

A

Heavily agricultural societies

B

Heavily industrialized societies

C

Multi-political party rule societies

D

Free market societies

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