Classical Political Theory
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This question pack examines the rudimentary roots of political theory, examining classical liberalism, conservatism and other fundamental political concepts.
This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
A Classical Liberal believes that:
Government exists only to serve the greatest good to the highest number of people.
Citizens are only entitled to rights given to them by the Government.
The Government is only entitled to powers given to it by the People.
All of the above.
Classical liberals believed that the primary purpose of government was to:
Protect private property
Promote social welfare
Protect the nation’s borders
Redistribute wealth to the less fortunate
The major difference between classical liberalism and today’s neoliberalism is:
Neoliberals are isolationists, whereas classical liberals sought broad foreign alliances.
Classical liberals believed in unregulated markets, whereas neoliberals seek to regulate commerce to improve efficiency and fairness.
Classical liberals believed that government should promote collective farms and community action to help one another, whereas neoliberals see this as a form of communism.
All of the above.
The system of government in which power is vested in a few people who are not elected by the people is called a(n):
The US Declaration of Independence would be considered the product of which of the following political philosophies?
The Classical Conservative movement opposed:
Revolutions in France and America
The use of law to impose morals on citizens
Social Welfare programs by the government
Which of the following elements of American government is rooted in classical conservatism?
The US House of Representatives
The principle of stare decisis, in which courts are bound by prior judicial decisions
Electing presidents every four years
Term limits on the presidency
All of the following are arguments against the use of civil disobedience except:
Civil disobedience cannot be justified in a democracy
We must obey the law under a contract with other members of our society
It can be a recipe for anarchy
It is not protected by the Constitution
Modern criminal law and sentencing statutes in the English tradition are primarily based upon which political philosophy?
Classical C onservatism
Utilitarianism differs from many other political ideologies in that it advocates:
The use of rules (deontology) to determine appropriate actions
The use of predicted impact and outcomes to determine appropriate actions
The use of the Bible and other religious texts to determine appropriate actions
The use of public opinion and majority rules to determine appropriate actions
Which of the following is/are (a) common criticism(s) of utilitarianism?
There are no limits as to acts that can be taken to benefit the majority.
Some people will inevitably be harmed in order to promote the greater good for the highest number of people.
Outcomes are hard to predict with accuracy, so deciding which actions to take based on projected outcomes can be difficult and risky.
All of the above
Which tax would a utilitarian support?
Highway use tax
None of the above
“The property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness, to prevent the happening of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness” is called:
State of nature
If asked whether or not suicide should be legal, how would a utilitarian respond?
Yes, all acts of suicide should be legal purely as a matter of individual liberty.
Yes, some acts of suicide could be legal, if the suicide causes no direct or indirect harm to others.
No, acts of suicide should not be legal because suicide does not cause pleasure.
No, acts of suicide should not be legal because suicide is difficult to quantify on a cost/benefit analysis.
All of the following were outgrowths of the Industrial Revolution except:
It boosted the bourgeoisie to economic and political power
It drafted much of the old peasant class into its factories
It created the various movements for democratic government which swept across Europe
Working class women began to agitate for equal rights
Anarchism is frequently criticized for being:
Unworkable in a complex, modern society
Impossible to achieve
All of the above
Anarchists believe that:
Socialism is the preferred form of government
True liberty is only possible in the absence of government
Violence brings order to society
All of the above
The first country in which communism was adopted by the ruling government was:
The process by which capital is converted into goods is called:
Communist revolutions have triumphed only in:
Heavily agricultural societies
Heavily industrialized societies
Multi-political party rule societies
Free market societies
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Course Designer: Sharon Jumper and Angela Bowie