Case Studies in International Relations
Case Studies in International Relations

Case Studies in International Relations

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

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This question pack asks students to apply their knowledge of IR theory to more practical case studies; both real and hypothetical.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Case Studies in International Relations 1

The state of “Small Island” decides to join the International Institution for Banking, because it believes that the rules of the organization will help protect it from exploitation by larger, stronger countries. This is an example of what neoliberal principle?

A

Self-interested states under anarchy may still choose cooperation, because it is still less costly than the alternatives

B

International trade and globalization are harmful to smaller countries.

C

Institutions are always the best solution to a state’s security challenges.

D

An institution’s reputation is the most important factor in determining its eventual success or failure.

Case Studies in International Relations 2

The Iraq War is often cited as an example of what kind of U.S. action?

A

Multilateral

B

Bilateral

C

Unilateral

D

Trilateral

Case Studies in International Relations 3

What is the primary reason for the controversy surrounding the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) enlargement?

A

NATO overruns its budget every year, and enlargement will only make matters worse.

B

The most powerful countries in NATO do not want to see their influence diluted by larger membership.

C

NATO enlargement in the post-Cold War era seems outdated and unnecessarily provocative toward Russia.

D

NATO overlaps too much with the European Union.

Case Studies in International Relations 5

Which country in Northeast Asia is seen to have the most political influence over North Korea?

A

China

B

South Korea

C

Japan

D

Taiwan

Case Studies in International Relations 4

Why is US leverage declining in Africa?

A

Feelings of anti-Americanism are spreading in Africa.

B

The need for aid is greatest in countries with a democratic deficit

C

There has been a decline in U.S. aid commitments in Africa.

D

All of the above

Case Studies in International Relations 6

Two states are at war and negotiate a peace agreement. Then, a new leader emerges in one of the states and declares that the peace agreement is invalid. War breaks out again shortly afterward. This cycle is an example of what theory?

A

Domestic Causes of War

B

Bargaining Model of War

C

Audience Costs

D

Democratic Peace Theory

Case Studies in International Relations 7

Which of the following is NOT a major impact on security for states battling the HIV epidemic?

A

HIV has killed a significant percentage of the adult population, resulting in orphans who are easily recruited into becoming child soldiers.

B

HIV has killed a significant percentage of the adult population, resulting in a smaller population to contribute to the economy and participate in governance of state.

C

HIV can contribute to state instability and create an environment conducive for illegal activity and terrorism.

D

HIV affects the economy and tourism as visitors do not want to visit a country with a high incidence of the disease.

Case Studies in International Relations 8

Why is climate change considered a security issue?

A

Climate change could lead to the forced migration of large populations of people, which could also potentially trigger food and energy shortages.

B

Climate change may cause the states that suffer the most to go to war against those that suffer the least.

C

Climate change is not considered a major problem for state security.

D

Climate change is specifically covered in just war theory as a threat to security.

Case Studies in International Relations 9

China has declared that it will never use nuclear weapons against a state that does not possess nuclear weapons or in a nuclear weapons free zone. This is an example of what concept?

A

Negative security assurance

B

Nuclear umbrella

C

Deterrence

D

No first use

Case Studies in International Relations 10

In the face of North Korea’s belligerency, the U.S. has re-committed to responding to a potential nuclear attack on South Korea (South Korea does not possess nuclear weapons with which to retaliate). This is an example of what concept?

A

Negative security assurance

B

Tit-for-tat

C

Hub-and-spoke alliance structure

D

Nuclear umbrella

Case Studies in International Relations 24

Which of the following is NOT usually considered a Weapon of Mass Destruction (WMD)?

A

Cyber attacks

B

Biological weapons

C

Nuclear weapons

D

Chemical weapons

Case Studies in International Relations 25

The President of the International Court of Justice has many responsibilities. Which of the following is NOT one of the president’s responsibilities?

A

Deciding cases

B

Setting the budget

C

Solemn sitting

D

Selecting a replacement

Case Studies in International Relations 26

State A is a developing country and needs a loan for a large dam construction project. Which international institution would be best suited to assist State A?

A

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

B

G-20

C

World Bank

D

World Trade Organization

Case Studies in International Relations 27

State A is experiencing a currency crisis and requires assistance in exchange rate stabilization. Which international institution is best suited to assist State A?

A

World Bank

B

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

C

G-20

D

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Case Studies in International Relations 28

What is the principle behind the “Annan Doctrine?”

A

Respect for state sovereignty is not a reason to avoid intervening on humanitarian grounds.

B

Developing countries have a right to share in global prosperity.

C

Equality before the law is the most important principle guiding the U.N.

D

The meaning of security has evolved to include other forms of security, such as access to clean water and food, climate change, and energy.

Case Studies in International Relations 29

The U.S., China, and Brazil are all members of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Hypothetically, the U.S. grants an extra-low tariff on imported shoes produced in China. Brazil then argues that it is also entitled to the same extralow tariff on shoes that China is receiving from the U.S. This is an example of what principle?

A

Trade equality

B

Most-favored nation (MFN)

C

Free trade agreement

D

National treatment

Case Studies in International Relations 30

Which of the following is NOT a common reason for a country to join the World Trade Organization (WTO)?

A

Entry to the WTO usually takes less than 6 months.

B

The WTO has a well-defined dispute settlement procedure.

C

The WTO provides a forum for trade negotiations between states.

D

In the WTO, the most-favored nation status is universally applied with only strict exceptions.

Case Studies in International Relations 31

International maritime organizations often set fishing quotas with the hope of keeping a minimum level of fish stock in the oceans that will continue to reproduce and provide more fish in the future. This is an example of what concept?

A

Central planning economics

B

Tragedy of the commons

C

Sustainable development

D

Structuralism

Case Studies in International Relations 32

International relief agencies must compete for contracts; what is the result?

A

Maximization of donor funds

B

Efficiency and effectiveness

C

Aid diversions and project failures

D

A decrease in the number of competing INGOs and IOs

Case Studies in International Relations 33

State A is a poor, developing country. Its government concludes that heavy government regulation and centralization of the economy has stifled economic growth, and it decides to privatize government-owned enterprises, promote free trade, and reduce or remove government regulations. Which theory of economic development are these actions most closely aligned with?

A

Neoclassical theory

B

Linear model

C

Structuralism

D

Neo-Marxism

Case Studies in International Relations 34

You live near a public park with beautiful wildflowers. Everyone in the neighborhood has a right to enjoy the park and pick flowers. One day, someone realizes that they can pick the flowers and sell them for profit, because it costs nothing to grow the flowers. Soon everyone starts picking the flowers to sell for themselves. Eventually, the park’s flower beds are completely destroyed. This is an example of what phenomenon?

A

Free market economics

B

Sustainable development

C

Tragedy of the commons

D

Capitalism

Case Studies in International Relations 35

States A and B are high volume trade partners. They decide that they need to set up a joint bureaucracy to assist with trade growth. This then leads to increased cooperation in other areas of the economy, such as aid assistance and foreign investment. This type of chain reaction is an example of what concept from neo-functionalist theory?

A

Spillover effect

B

Bureaucratic evolution

C

Economic integration

D

Collective economics

Case Studies in International Relations 36

The perceived lack of direct influence of citizens on the institutions of the European Union is referred to as what?

A

Structural inequality

B

Institutional inertia

C

Democratic deficit

D

Proportional representation

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