Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties
Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

A question pack on campaigns and elections from Saylor Academy.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q1

All of the following activities are part of the initial steps in running for office EXCEPT:

A

Developing a campaign plan

B

Forming an exploratory committee

C

Informing the incumbent of your plans to challenge him or her

D

Deciding the issues upon which the campaign will be based

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q2

All of the following are components of the 2002 Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act EXCEPT:

A

A ban on soft money

B

Increased hard money contribution limits

C

A ban on candidates from using federal funding for campaigns

D

Restrictions on issue advocacy advertising

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q3

Modern campaigns utilize polling in large part to:

A

Arouse all possible voters to vote in response to the candidate’s message

B

Encourage heavy turnouts of eligible voters

C

Facilitate efficient allocation of campaign resources

D

Mobilize campaign workers to intensify their voter registration efforts

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q4

One of the more notable trends in the 2010 congressional elections was:

A

The unprecedented number of women who ran for open seats

B

The increasing number of African-American Republican candidates

C

Latinos had the highest voter turnout of any minority group

D

The large number of candidates who financed their own campaigns

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q5

Since the 1990s, the vast majority of campaign donations have come from:

A

Corporations and wealthy individuals

B

Political action committees

C

Federal funds

D

Candidate self-financing

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q6

The dramatic rise in the number and use of professional campaign consultants can be attributed to the fact that:

A

Campaigns have become increasingly candidate-centered

B

Campaign finance reform has forced campaigns to hire more consultants to help in fundraising efforts

C

Political parties have had a declining influence on campaigns

D

A and C

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q7

Reelection rates for members of Congress have historically been ______________ percent.

A

80–90

B

50–60

C

100

D

20–30

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q8

What has been the trend concerning opposition research in recent campaigns?

A

It’s being done more

B

It’s being done less

C

Campaign finance reform laws have virtually eliminated it

D

It’s utilized much more by Republicans than Democrats

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q9

Which of the following statements is correct regarding candidates who self-finance their campaigns?

A

A candidate’s personal wealth does not guarantee political success

B

Most voters are turned off by wealthy candidates

C

Democrats make up the majority of self-funded candidates

D

Self-funded candidates do not usually accept campaign contributions

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q10

Based on Abraham Maslow’s “hierarchy of needs” theory, many people who seek political office are motivated by the need for:

A

Status and recognition

B

Self-actualization

C

Personal wealth

D

Job security

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q11

A striking characteristic of third parties is that they:

A

Advance controversial issues and ideas

B

Are always radical

C

Are always conservative

D

Have no place in the American system

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q12

All of the following are correct regarding interest group spending in the 2010 congressional elections EXCEPT:

A

House candidates received more money than Senate candidates

B

Spending nearly doubled since the 2008 elections

C

Corporations were able to spend unlimited cash on election activities

D

Interest groups contributed more to challengers than incumbents

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q13

Any group whose members share attitudes and try to achieve certain policy goals within the political process is called a(n):

A

Campaign

B

Political party

C

Interest group

D

All of the above

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q14

The employee of an interest group who presents its point of view to legislators is called a:

A

Fundraiser

B

Lobbyist

C

Party leader

D

Litigator

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q15

The purpose of a political party is to:

A

Recruit candidates to run for office

B

Organize government

C

Help voters decide

D

All of the above

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q16

The ______________ and the ______________ were the first political parties to emerge in the United States.

A

Whigs; Democrats

B

Republicans; Federalists

C

Republicans; Nationalists

D

Democrats; Republicans

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q17

______________ was the first president of the Republican Party.

A

Andrew Jackson_a

B

William Jennings Bryan

C

Andrew Jackson_b

D

Abraham Lincoln

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q18

What is the maximum amount that a political action committee (PAC) can contribute to a federal candidate per election cycle?

A

$2,500

B

$5,000

C

$10,000

D

$15,000

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q19

Which of the following groups is most firmly in the coalition that comprises the contemporary Democratic Party?

A

Whites

B

Latinos

C

Senior citizens

D

African Americans

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q20

Which of the following statements are correct regarding 527 groups?

A

They have exploited loopholes in campaign finance regulations

B

Campaign finance law has limited the amount of contributions they can give

C

They operate independently of political candidates’ campaigns

D

They played a larger role in the 2008 rather than the 2004 presidential election

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q21

What were the Founding Fathers’ initial views of political parties?

A

They created unnecessary social conflicts

B

They helped to maintain a healthy democracy

C

The more parties that existed the better

D

They undermined the Constitution

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q22

Americans who are not registered to vote are more likely to be:

A

Socially isolated from other people

B

Generally mistrustful of others

C

New arrivals in their neighborhoods

D

All of the above

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q23

Political socialization concerns the study of:

A

How political attitudes and loyalties are formed

B

How children learn about government and citizenship

C

How political preferences are passed on from one generation to another

D

All the above

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q24

All of the following have contributed to low voter turnout in recent years EXCEPT:

A

The inability for political parties to create cohesive and enduring coalitions

B

Voter disenchantment with the length, quality, and tone of political campaigns

C

Increasingly negative news coverage of political campaigns

D

The lack of diversity among political candidates

Campaigns: Candidates, Strategies, and Political Parties Q25

Criminal disenfranchisement laws in the United States:

A

Are generally supported by the American public

B

Are fairly uniform across the country

C

Have disproportionately impacted people of color

D

Are expected to be phased out within the next 20 years

CC BY 3.0 - Saylor - Angela Bowie

Content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License .

Saylor Academy and Saylor.org® are trade names of the Constitution Foundation, a 501(c)(3) organization through which our educational activities are conducted.

Course Designer: Angela Bowie