Becoming a Member of Congress and Its Organization
Becoming a Member of Congress and Its Organization

Becoming a Member of Congress and Its Organization

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A question pack on Congressional Politics from Saylor Academy.

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Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q1

The process of redrawing congressional districts to match population shifts in states with more than one representative is called ______________.

A

Redistricting

B

Reapportionment

C

Restructuring

D

Franking

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q2

How long are the terms for members of the House of Representatives?

A

2 years

B

6 years

C

4 years

D

5 years

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q3

How long are the terms for members of the Senate?

A

2 years

B

6 years

C

4 years

D

5 years

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q4

In the 2010 congressional election cycle, which special interest group led in overall political donations?

A

Lawyers

B

Bankers

C

Retirees

D

Teachers

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q5

Members of the House represent congressional districts of populations ranging from approximately how many constituents?

A

500,000-900,000 constituents

B

30,000-50,000 constituents

C

10,000-20,000 constituents

D

1,000,000-2,000,000 constituents

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q6

The redistricting process in the United States can be distinguished from redistricting elsewhere in the world in what fundamental way?

A

The process is overtly and acceptably political.

B

American courts have refused to intervene in the process.

C

Redistricting plans are not required to create districts that are relatively equal in population.

D

The redistricting process is overly centralized.

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q7

What is meant by incumbency advantage?

A

Incumbents are usually older and have more experience than their challengers.

B

Incumbents have a great deal of influence in the redistricting process.

C

Incumbents possess many advantages that make their reelection likely.

D

Incumbents usually perform much better in debates against their opponent.

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q8

What is one of the major duties of a member of Congress?

A

To hold fundraisers for their reelection campaign

B

To meet with interest groups

C

To draft and introduce legislation

D

To manage their personal office

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q9

What is the largest expenditure for congressional candidates running for election?

A

Staff

B

Television advertising

C

Candidate filing fees

D

Campaign office expenses

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q10

What was one of the more notable trends in the 2010 congressional elections?

A

Incumbents were more vulnerable than ever before in history.

B

Campaign finance reform laws were a strong deterrent to effective fundraising.

C

Political parties aggressively recruited wealthy candidates, so they could fund their own campaigns.

D

For the first time in history, Democrats raised more money than Republicans.

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q11

When does redistricting of congressional district lines occur?

A

When there is a significant population shift

B

When the state legislature enacts the appropriate provisions

C

Every ten years

D

After each major presidential election

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q12

When is the term “gerrymandering” used?

A

When the political party in control draws district lines to enhance its own political fortunes

B

When the Senate draws lines around racial districts

C

When referring to Supreme Court decisions regarding redistricting

D

When the governor of a state changes voting districts to ensure reelection

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q13

Which group works to elect members of their political party to Congress?

A

Incumbents

B

Election committees

C

Redistricting commissions

D

Campaign committees

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q14

Which of the following statements about constituency services is true?

A

Constituency services involve assisting people in dealing with the bureaucracy.

B

Constituency services are rarely used today.

C

Constituency services are more commonly engaged in by senators than representatives.

D

Constituency services seldom help members of Congress in their reelection bids.

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q15

Which of the following statements best describes most congressional races?

A

Most congressional races are closely contested.

B

Most congressional races are not closely contested.

C

Most congressional races are less contested than state elections.

D

Most congressional races are more contested than local elections.

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q16

Each of the following congressional leadership positions has real substantive authority in its chamber EXCEPT:

A

Speaker of the House.

B

President of the Senate

C

Senate President Pro Tempore.

D

House Majority Leader

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q17

An organized but informal group of legislators established to promote or advocate a specific shared interest is known as a(n) ______________.

A

Interest group

B

Task force

C

Caucus

D

Subcommittee

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q18

Groups of individuals or corporations who want to coordinate their political donations may do so by forming ______________.

A

Political action committees

B

Interest groups

C

Campaign committees

D

None of the above; coordinating donations is prohibited under law

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q19

If the House and Senate pass different versions of a similar bill and cannot agree, it must go to a ______________committee.

A

Standing

B

Special

C

Conference

D

Compromise

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q20

The House ______________ Committee exercises control over what bills are brought to the floor for a vote.

A

Rules

B

Ways and Means

C

Appropriations

D

Ethics

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q21

The House ______________ Committee exercises control over what bills are brought to the floor for a vote.

A

Rules

B

Ways and Means

C

Appropriations

D

Ethics

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q22

The process by which a senator can defeat a bill by tying up the Senate so long that the measure will never come to a vote is known as ______________.

A

A filibuster

B

Senatorial courtesy

C

Gerrymandering

D

Cloture

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q23

The ______________ committee is appointed to deal with an issue or problem before Congress that does not fall within any standing committees’ scope of power.

A

Select

B

Conference

C

Joint

D

Special

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q24

How can Congress override a presidential veto?

A

By a two-thirds vote in the Senate

B

By a two-thirds vote in both the House and Senate

C

By a majority vote in the House

D

By a majority vote in both the House and Senate

Becoming a Member of Congress and Organization Q25

If the president signs a bill, what happens to it?

A

It dies.

B

It goes back to the House.

C

It goes to the Senate.

D

It becomes a law.

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