Antebellum Political Thought
Antebellum Political Thought

Antebellum Political Thought

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This question pack looks at American political thought form the end of the Jefferson administration through to Reconstruction.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Antebellum American Political Thought 1

Based on the rulings in Marbury v. Madison and McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court under John Marshall did which of the following?

A

Ruled in favor of increasing states’ rights

B

Supported an increased role of the federal government

C

Made rulings that supported a more federalist political perspective

D

Both A and C

E

Both B and C

Antebellum American Political Thought 3

Fill in the blank. Under the leadership of Chief Justice John Marshall, the decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court tended to strengthen the power of ______________.

A

Federal government

B

State governments

C

Labor unions

D

Citizens

E

Racial minorities

Antebellum American Political Thought 4

In the McCulloch v. Maryland ruling, the Marshall Court made which decision?

A

That state laws are superior to federal laws

B

The federal government had the authority to establish the National Bank

C

States do not have the power to tax the federal government

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

Antebellum American Political Thought 5

Under the case, McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court ruled that Congress had the power to create the National Bank for which reason?

A

Because Congress has the ultimate power over the American economy

B

Because the creation of the National Bank was deemed “necessary and proper”

C

Because the states failed to create a viable bank

D

Because the “power to tax involves the power to destroy”

E

Because the president gave Congress the authority

Antebellum American Political Thought 6

Under the practice of judicial review, the Supreme Court can do which of the following?

A

Serve as long as they maintain good behavior

B

Apply stare decisis when making decisions

C

Have appellate jurisdiction

D

Be the supreme law of the land

E

Declare a congressional act unconstitutional

Antebellum American Political Thought 7

Based on the essay “Self-Reliance,” which of the following statements would Ralph Waldo Emerson AGREE with?

A

Society hinders someone from being truly “self-reliant.”

B

In matters of principle, it is best to conform to societies’ expectations.

C

Government enables individuals to have maximum freedom and self-reliance.

D

It is the job of government to provide for the needs of individuals.

E

All of the above

Antebellum American Political Thought 8

During the presidency of Andrew Jackson, the spoils system resulted in which of the following?

A

Federal laws being nullified by the states

B

Elected officials rewarding their supporters with government jobs

C

All free males given the right to vote

D

The end of political corruption in the federal government

E

The creation of a merit based system for positions in the government

Antebellum American Political Thought 9

Emerson and Thoreau would most likely be in agreement when it comes to which of the following philosophies?

A

The benefits of a strong central government

B

The importance of liberty and individuality

C

The importance of the presidency

D

Both A and C

E

None of the above.

Antebellum American Political Thought 10

Jackson’s Bank Veto Message demonstrates which of the following?

A

His support for past U.S. Supreme Court rulings

B

His support for elites and wealthy businessmen

C

His belief in the continuation of the Bank is “necessary and proper”

D

His support for states’ rights and the protection of individual liberties

E

His support for federal involvement in the economy

Antebellum American Political Thought 11

Which of the following best describes the policy adopted by President Jackson toward American Indians?

A

Voluntary relocation

B

Forced removal

C

Integration into American society

D

Increasing educational opportunities

E

None of the above

Antebellum American Political Thought 12

Which of the following does Tocqueville argue for being a central feature of American democracy?

A

Local government

B

Civic associations

C

The presence of religion

D

All of the above

E

None of the above

Antebellum American Political Thought 13

Which of the following is one major difference between the philosophies of Rousseau and Tocqueville?

A

Rousseau believed in the benevolent power of monarchies, and Tocqueville believed in the power of the aristocracy.

B

Rousseau was French and therefore supported the French king.

C

Rousseau trusted the “general will,” where as Tocqueville was somewhat suspicious of universal suffrage.

D

Both agreed in popular sovereignty, but Tocqueville felt it was more important to have all of the power in the hands of the middle class.

E

There are no major differences between the two.

Antebellum American Political Thought 14

Which of the following statements captures the sentiments of Jackson’s presidency and his impact on American political thought?

A

The president should serve as a strong leader acting as a champion of the people.

B

The federal government should have little involvement in economic affairs.

C

States’ rights and individual liberty are important components of American politics.

D

Elections should have increased democratic political participation.

E

All of the above

Antebellum American Political Thought 15

Why does Tocqueville believe that democracy makes us “gentler?”

A

He believes that democratic governments have less capital punishment.

B

He believes that aristocracy creates equality.

C

He believes that a democratic system fosters a sense of “alikeness” and empathy.

D

He believes that democracy creates a system of perpetual inequality.

E

All of the above

Antebellum American Political Thought 16

Which of the following is NOT an accurate description of the “Age of Jackson.”

A

An era of expanded voting rights

B

A time of increased popular political participation

C

The political roots of the modern political system

D

A time when elites dominated politics

E

An era of factions and partisanship

Antebellum American Political Thought 17

The Grimke sisters, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucretia Mott all made convincing arguments for abolition of slavery and women’s suffrage by doing which of the following?

A

Appealing to the moral and religious roots of the American public.

B

Appealing to American’s sense of liberty by adapting the Declaration of Independence.

C

Appealing to the biological differences between men and women.

D

Both A and B

E

Both A and C

Antebellum American Political Thought 18

The sentiments expressed in the “Declaration of Sentiments of the American Anti-Slavery Society” most clearly relates to which group of individuals?

A

Slave owners

B

Southern congressmen

C

The federal government

D

States’ rights advocates

E

Abolitionists

Antebellum American Political Thought 19

What is the major argument that Fitzhugh makes in “Cannibals All, or Slaves without Masters?”

A

Slavery is morally wrong.

B

Negro slaves are better than slaves of other races in the past.

C

Opponents of southern slavery are hypocrites, because slavery, in a sense, exists in both free society and slave society.

D

Slavery is clearly in line with the American ideals expressed in the Declaration of Independence and therefore should continue to exist.

E

Slavery is unique to the American experience and therefore is an important part of the American legacy.

Antebellum American Political Thought 20

What is the underlying theme of Frederick Douglass’ speech, “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?”

A

Americans fought for justice and equality on the Fourth of July.

B

Justice and equality are present throughout American society.

C

Slaves usually partake in Fourth of July celebrations on plantations.

D

The Fourth of July is a clear reminder of the hypocrisy of slavery in America.

E

American independence from Britain was well-deserved.

Antebellum American Political Thought 21

What was South Carolina’s major justification for seceding from the Union?

A

The federal government’s violation of states’ rights

B

The federal government’s obligation to protect slaves

C

The election of Abraham Lincoln

D

Their right to support the British government

E

Their desire to end slavery

Antebellum American Political Thought 22

Which of the following characterized the topics of American political thought portrayed in the writings of Frederick Douglass, the Grimke sisters, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucretia Mott?

A

Universal suffrage

B

Minority Rights

C

Slavery

D

All of the above

E

A and C only

Antebellum American Political Thought 23

Which of the following represents the major argument in defense of slavery in the United States in the early 1800s?

A

That the Southern economic system relied on the existence of slavery

B

That slaves were provided all the comforts and necessities by their masters

C

That slavery was tied to historic Biblical and colonial roots

D

That African slaves are by nature inferior and need to be protected

E

All of the above

Antebellum American Political Thought 24

“With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on…to bind up the nation’s wounds…to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations.” (Abraham Lincoln, 1865) This quote from Lincoln’s second inaugural address, exemplifies which of the following?

A

Lincoln’s anger towards southern states for seceding from the Union

B

Lincoln’s belief that the sectional differences between the North and South could not be healed

C

Lincoln’s commitment to instilling the prestige of the presidency

D

Lincoln’s justification for emancipating the slaves

E

Lincoln’s desire to protect and restore the Union

Antebellum American Political Thought 25

Based on the text of the Fugitive Slave Act (1850) and The Dred Scott Case (1857), which of the following is a true statement?

A

Although slavery existed, the American government recognized slaves as citizens.

B

In the mid-1800s, the American government did not firmly support the rights of slaves.

C

In the mid-1800s, it is clear that the Anti-Slavery Society was winning the debate.

D

Slaves celebrated their freedom along with all other Americans on the Fourth of July.

E

The federal government was not willing to legislate on the issue of slavery.

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